Learning Styles Impacts on Teaching Learning Styles Learning styles correspond to sensory modalities: o Visual – learn by seeing • Sometimes divided into visual and read/write Auditory o Kinesthetic o Learning Styles “Good” learners pick up and remember new material quickly – most likely, you are a good learner! Which do you think is your learning style? o Write your name under your predication. Learning Styles Test your learning style: o http://www.varklearn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnair e Did your result match your prediction? o Write your name under your test result. Learning Styles What did you think about the assessment tool? Learning Styles Potential Issues: o o o o Wanting to select multiple options Not feeling that any options fit Situational – a test that leans toward reading will produce a different style than one that leans toward calculation Real-life scenarios don’t necessarily correspond well to academic situations Learning Styles Problems with Learning Styles Assessment Tools: o Low reliability (~0.6) • Expect to get the same results each time you administer it, but this happens just over half the time • Why? Test may not be a reliable measure Learning styles change based on interpretation of question, age, and experience Learning Styles What cognitive research tells us: Help students more by presenting them with multiple modalities o bolsters weaker areas o draws on multiple memory pathways “Preferred learning modality” changes based on the type of material. Material is typically stored independently of any modality. Memories stored in terms of meaning, not if you saw, heard, or interacted with information. Attempts to match material to learning style may benefit some students, but will actually harm others. Learning Styles Case Study: Lesson – Molecular Structure Class #1 – build ball & stick models Class #2 - read text and look at pictures How would kinesthetic learners and visual/verbal learners score on a later test in each class? What is your prediction? Learning Styles Case Study: Results: o Class #1: • Kinesthetic – 95% (enjoyed lesson more) • Visual/verbal – 80% Learning Styles Case Study: Results: o o Class #1: • Kinesthetic – 95% (enjoyed lesson more) • Visual/verbal – 80% Class #2: • Kinesthetic – 70% • Visual/verbal – 70% (enjoyed lesson more) Learning Styles Interpretation of Results: For a given lesson, one instructional technique turns out to be optimal for all students – the one that best fits the content! Learning Styles Fitting Modality to Content Example: Understand dynamics of carbon cycle I’ve tried: Static images and talking through Static images with students reading and asking questions Images that students have to connect with arrows Narrated animation Walk through cycle with each student being a “carbon atom”, then diagram their pathway & compare with those of classmates Learning Styles Learning Styles Vexing Topic to Present: suggestions? How could this topic be presented: Visually? Read/Write? Auditory? Kinesthetic?