United States Presidential Elections of 1860 and 1968 Emily

Emily Dingwell
AP US History
Election of 1860
Four political parties each supplied a candidate.
Republican – Abraham Lincoln
 Southern Democratic – John C. Breckinridge
 Northern Democratic – Stephen A. Douglas
 Constitutional Union – John Bell
Main issues included:
 States Rights & Secession
Abraham Lincoln
He was the Presidential
Nominee for the Republican
 His running mate was
Hannibal Hamlin.
 Was a politician from Illinois.
 Was born in Kentucky to a
frontier family.
 Was married to Mary Todd and
had 4 sons, but only one son
reached adulthood.
John C. Breckinridge
The Southern Democratic
party nominated him as their
Presidential candidate.
 Was a Representative from
 Ran with Joseph Lane.
 Fought for the Confederacy
during the Civil War
Stephen A. Douglas
He was the Presidential
Candidate for the Northern
Democratic Party.
 Herschel Vespasian Johnson
was his running mate
 Was a Illinois Senator.
 He won the Senate race
against Lincoln in 1859.
 In the debates against Lincoln
for the Senate seat, he issued
the infamous Freeport Doctrine,
which contributed immensely to
the Southern opposition.
John Bell
John Bell was the
presidential nominee
for the Constitutional
Union party.
 Ran with Edward
 Was a Senator from
 Served as Speaker of
the House from 1834 –
The Breaking of the Democratic Party
The democratic Party split into two sections
during the election of 1860.
 After intense and very heated debates at the first
Democratic National Convention, the party
separated to have
two separate
The Nation
Was Torn Apart
Lincoln & Republicans:
Free Soil, Contain
Slavery where it is and it
will eventually die out.
Douglas & Northern
Popular Sovereignty, let
the people vote on
slavery in the territories.
Breckinridge &
Southern Democrats:
Federal Slave Code,
allow slavery in all the
Bell & Constitutional
Vague Policy on slavery
Slavery was a critical issue, it
tore the nation apart more than
any other issue.
 However, no candidate wanted
to outlaw slavery completely
Even before the
election, many
Southern States
were threatening
to Secede from
the Union.
 After Lincoln
won the election, the Secession crisis worsened
because Southern Leaders realized that they
could not control the federal government any
 Both Lincoln and Bell wanted to preserve the
Union, and keep the country together.
Election Results
Lincoln won the election with 180 electoral votes,
and 39.9% of the popular vote.
 Breckinridge won most of the Southern states to
take second with 72
electoral votes.
 Douglas won 29.5% of
the popular vote, but
only 12 electoral votes.
 Bell won 39 electoral
votes, with 12.5% of the
popular vote
There were three major candidates
Richard M. Nixon – Republican
 Hubert Humphrey – Democratic
 George C. Wallace – American Independent
The primary issues were:
Vietnam War
 Civil Rights & “Law and Order”
Richard M. Nixon
He was the Republican
Presidential Candidate.
 Ran with Spiro Agnew.
 Nixon served as Vice
President under Dwight D.
Eisenhower from 1953 to
 He ran for president before,
in 1960, and was defeated
by JFK.
 He then ran, unsuccessfully,
for governor of California in
Hubert Humphery
He was the Democratic
Presidential Candidate.
 Edmund Muskie was his
running mate.
 Was the standing Vice
President under Lyndon B.
 Was a pharmacist for 7
years and worked in his
father’s drug store.
George Wallace
He was a third party
candidate, running for the
American Independent Party.
 Ran with Curtis LeMay on
the Vice Presidential ticket.
 Served as Governor of
Alabama for 4 terms, 19631967, 1971-1975, 1975-1979,
and 1983-1987.
 He ran for President 3 other
times, but this was the only
election where he ran as an
Vietnam War
Students Protesting
the Vietnam War
Many riots and
demonstrations were held
in protest of the war.
The Vietnam War was a
major political and social
Soldiers in Combat in Vietnam
Vietnam War cont.
Both Nixon and
Humphrey promised
to end the war if they
were elected.
 Nixon was very
unspecific with the
details of how.
 Humphrey promised to stop bombing the country
to create peace.
 Wallace didn’t have a plan to end the war and his
running mate, LeMay, seemed to support it.
Civil Rights
While Civil Rights was a
social issue during 1968, it
didn’t play much into the
 Wallace ran on a campaign of
“law and order,” to “protect”
whit communities from black
crime. He often favored
segregation while governor of
 Nixon’s running mate,
Agnew, often referred to
ethnic minorities by
derogatory names which got
Tommie Smith
and John Carlos
protest at the
1968 Olympics
Election Results
Richard Nixon won the election with 301
electoral votes and 43.4% of the popular vote.
 Humphrey came in a close
second with 42.7% of the
popular vote and 191
electoral votes.
 Wallace finished with a
respectable 46 electoral
 This election had the
second smallest margin in
the popular vote in 76
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field([email protected](cph+3a53289)) Abraham Lincoln
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-art/78636/9048/John-Breckinridge-oil-on-canvas-by-MW-Clark-inthe John C. Breckinridge
http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/pictures/stephen-a-douglas.jpg Stephen A. Douglas
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f0/John_Bell_of_Tennessee.jpg John Bell
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/44/70744-004-E3E6693D.jpg Tearing Apart of Nation
http://www.britannica.com/bps/image/341682/67666/Results-of-the-American-presidential-election-1860Presidential-Candidate-Political 1860 map
http://z.about.com/d/musiced/1/0/Y/8/nixon.jpg Richard Nixon
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field([email protected](cph+3a27426)) Hubert Humphrey
http://www.archives.state.al.us/govs_list/govs_gifs/george_wallace.jpg George Wallace
http://www.britannica.com/bps/image/1586266/67693/Results-of-the-American-presidential-election-1968Presidential-Candidate-Political 1968 map
http://www.eagleton.rutgers.edu/programs/egov/images/1860democrats.jpg Democratic smash 1860
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ug03/henning/cwcartoons/cartoons/wexploded.jpg secession 1860
http://rosenblumtv.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/vietnam-soldiers-1.jpg Vietnam
http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/filmi_sangeet/media/1967_vietnam_protest2.jpg Vietnam
http://library.duke.edu/exhibits/sevenelections/images/speex010240010-med.jpg Anti-War 1968
http://www.athousandwords.com/blog/uploaded_images/090301_Tommie_John-727486.jpg 1968 Olympic Protest
http://www.historycentral.com/PageMill_Images/image113.gif results 1968
http://www.historycentral.com/PageMill_Images/image30.gif results 1860

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