2) Non-Registered PLDs

Report
Architectures Centered Around
Nonregistered PLDs
 Introduction
 Design of the One-to-three-Pulse Generator by
using a
 PLA
 PAL
 ROM
 Design of a More Complex FSM Using a ROM
as the PLD
Prepared By
AJIT SARAF
Introduction
 Registered PLDs for total state machine design
 R-type (Registered-type) PALS
 V-type (Variable-type) PALs
 FPGA (Field Programmable Logic Array)
 Registered trademark Actel and Xilinx
 GALs (Generic Array Logic Devices)
 Registered trademark of Lattice Semiconductor,
Hillsboro, OR 97124.
 EPLDs (Erasable Programmable Logic Devices)
 Registered trademark Altera and Xilinx
 PLSs (programmable logic sequencer)
 Registered trademark of Phillips, Sunnyvale,
Signetics Co.
Introduction (Non-Registered PLDs)
 Representing possible input and output conditioning
circuits.
 Sometimes referred to as the Huffman model.
 The PLD represents a ROM, a PLA, or a basic I/O PAL
and is used to generate both the NS and output forming
logic.
Model used for architectures centered around nonregistered PLD
Introduction
 The memory can be any of the devices, namely
 discrete flip-flops of some type
 Shift register or
 Counter.
 If a shift register or counter is used, the highest
priority is given to shifts or counts in assigning
state codes so as to make the most efficient use
of that particular memory device.
 For some FSMs, it may be advisable to use
discrete flip-flops as the memory elements of
choice - a designer's option.
Introduction
 The input and output conditioning circuit
elements are taken from
 Synchronizers
 Synchronizer / Stretchers
 Debouncing circuits
 Output holding (storage) registers for
filtering.
Design of the One- to Three-Pulse Generator by Using a PLA
Description and operation of the one-to-three pulse generator (a) Block diagram (b) Operation table (c)
Timing diagram showing one- and three-pulse generations.
Sequential description of the one- to three-pulse generator (a) Flow chart (b) State diagram derived from
the flowchart showing a suitable state code assignment.
The Sum Rule
(a) State diagram segment showing branching conditions relative to the jth state.
(b) (b) Application of the sum rule to the jth state in the state diagram segment.
P-term table suitable for programming a 7 x 9 x 4 or larger PLA
PLA Structure
Block diagram for an n-input/m-output PLA showing the programmable AND and OR array stages and the
p product-term lines.
Switch Debouncing
Implementation for the one- to three-pulse generator showing the debouncing, synchronizing and
initialization (Sanity) circuits. (10 Gates & 26 Inputs)
Symbolic representation of the fusible bit position patterns for an 8X16X4 FPLA that is programmed to
generate the NS and output forming logic required by the one-to three-pulse generator
Implementation of the one- to three-pulse generator with a PLD such as an FPLA or basic I/O PAL
Design of the One- to Three-Pulse Generator by Using a PAL
Symbolic representation of the fusible bit position patterns for an 8 x 16 x 4 basic I/O PAL (Nonregistered)
Design of the One- to Three-Pulse Generator by Using a ROM
(a) State table showing an unconditional output P for states b, C, and d
(b) Collapsed program table for a PROM implementation.
PROM decoder and symbolic representation of the fusible bit patterns required 10 program the one to
three-pulse generator
Implementation of the one to three-pulse generator with a six-input. (our-output PROM showing the
external logic required to generate pulses conditional on CK.
Design of a More Complex FSM by using a ROM as the PLD
Design of the NS and output logic for a fictitious FSM by using a ROM. (a) State diagram. (b) Collapsed
ROM program table constructed directly from the state diagram in (a).
EPROM decoder and symbolic representation of the fusible bit position patterns in the OR plane
required to program the fictitious FSM
Implementation of the fictitious FSM by using an 8-input/8-output EPROM.and two 4·bit storage registers.

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