By the end of this lesson you will be able to: Recognize health-promoting strategies that can enhance a training program • Understand the importance of preventive health screenings before beginning a physical activity program. • Identify safety concerns related to various physical activities. Training Program – is a program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport or another physical activity. • Summer fitness sessions at GCIT Consult physical education teacher, coach, or other trusted adults to help you set training goals. Hydration – taking in fluids so that the body functions properly. Muscle respond more quickly, less likely to cramp, and have greater endurance. Adequate Sleep – to little sleep can disrupt the nervous system, slow reaction time, and cause lack of concentration. Tobacco Alcohol Energy drinks & supplements Muscle enhancement drugs Steroids Supplements Diuretics Stimulants HGH EPO Anabolic Steroids – synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone. Harmful effects – increased risk of cancer, heart disease, inability to produce children, acne, sexual underdevelopment, violent, and suicidal tendencies Safety should be a major concern when you participate in sports & other physical activities. You can reduce your risk of injury by… Health Screening – a search or check for diseases or disorders that an individual would otherwise not have knowledge of or seek treatment for. Use the proper safety equipment for your chosen activity. Being alert of your surrounding environment. Playing at your skill level and knowing your physical limits. Warming up and cooling down before and after activity. Staying within areas that have been designated for physical activities. Obey all rules and restrictions. Practicing good sportsmanship. Wear a helmet when bicycling, skateboarding, or skating. Avoid doing activities at night. If you do wear reflective tape. Proper footwear and clothing is also important. Define the term hydration. What are anabolic steroids? Name three ways they can harm health. Why is important to get a preventive health screening before beginning a physical activity? How can practicing good sportsmanship help you stay safe when participating in a sport? Being Safe While Physically Active Examine the graph, & choose a sport or activity in which you or your friends participate. Using reliable online resources, research your sport to find injury statistics. For example: • What injuries are most common for this sport? • How many teens are injured each year in this sport? • How many of these injuries are treated in the emergency room? • What protective equipment & precautions can reduce injury in this sport? Create a poster listing this information. Make your poster colorful & attention-getting to appeal to a teen audience. Be sure to give a catchy title.