Aviation System Block Upgrades Block 0

Report
International Civil Aviation Organization
Block 0 Overview
Halidou Moussa
Air Navigation Commissioner
International Civil Aviation Organization
Understanding the Relationships
Performance
Improvement
Areas
Block 0
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
(2013)
(2018)
(2023)
(2028 & >)
B0-15
B1-15
B2-15
B3-15
Airport
Operations
Globally
Interoperable
Systems and Data
Optimum
Capacity and
Flexible Flights
Efficient Flight
Path
Module
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Block 0:
Capabilities within our Grasp Today
• Block 0 initiatives must leverage on existing
on-board avionics
• 3 Priorities have been agreed to:
– Performance Based Navigation (PBN)
– Continuous Descent Operations (CDO)
– Continuous Climb Operations (CCO)
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Global Readiness Checklist
• Each Module is evaluated for its readiness
• If any component is not found to be ready it moves to a future
Block for implementation
• Those Modules that are not specifically ready at a Block
release are noted as “dates of readiness”
All Block 0 Modules Have Met the Readiness Criteria
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Block 0: Across the Phases of Flight
Performance Improvement Areas
Airport Operations
Globally Interoperable
Systems and Data
B0-30 - Service Improvement
Optimum Capacity and
Flexible Flights
Efficient Flight Path
through Digital Aeronautical
Information Management
B0-105 - Meteorological
Information Supporting Enhanced
Operational Efficiency and Safety
B0-86 - Improved Access to Optimum
Flight Levels through Climb/Descent
Procedures using ADS-B
B0-35 - Improved Flow
Performance through Planning based
on a Network-Wide view
B0-40 - Improved Safety & Efficiency
B0-20 - Improved Flexibility
& Efficiency in Departure
Profiles (CCOs)
B0-15 - Improved
Traffic Flow through
Runway Sequencing
(AMAN/DMAN)
ToC
through the initial application of Data
Link En-Route
B0-10 - Improved
Operations through
Enhanced En-Route
Trajectories
B0-101 – ACAS
Improvements
B0-80 - Improved
Airport Operations
through Airport-CDM
ToD
B0-84 - Initial
Capability for
Ground
Surveillance
B0-85 – Air Traffic
B0-05 - Improved
Flexibility & Efficiency in
Descent Profiles (CDOs)
CTA
B0-102 - Increased
Effectiveness of Groundbased Safety Nets
B0-65 – Optimisation of
Approach Procedures
including Vertical
Guidance
Situational
Awareness (ATSA)
B0-25 - Increased Interoperability,
Efficiency & Capacity through GroundGround Integration
B0-75 - Improved
Safety & Efficiency of
Surface Operations
(A-SMGCS Level 1-2)
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B0-70 - Increased
Runway Throughput
through Wake Turbulence
Separation
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Block 0: Content Overview
Performance
Improvement
Areas
Airport
Operations
Block 0
Today and Beyond; Based on Operational Need
5 Modules depending on: GNSS-based
Approaches; Better Wake Vortex Minima;
A-SMGCS; Airport CDM, Improved Metering
Globally
Interoperable
Systems and Data
3 Modules depending on: Ground-Ground
Optimum
Capacity and
Flexible Flights
7 Modules based on: PBN, FUA and CDM in
Efficient Flight
Path
Integration based on AIDC; Digital AIM using
AIXM and other developments.
combination; Improved Flow Planning and Air
Traffic Situational Awareness.
3 Modules based on: Existing Datalink
Operations which support CDOs, CCOs and
En-Route Operations
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Integrated
AMAN/DMAN
/SMAN
Full FF-ICE
And More
Traffic
Complexity
Management
Full 4D –
TBO
And More
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A Look at the Block 0 Modules
Performance
Improvement
Areas
Block 0
(2013)
Optimization of approach procedures
Airport
Operations
Increased runway throughput through WT separation
Improve traffic flow through runway sequencing
Safety and efficiency of surface operations
Improved airport operations through airport-CDM
Globally
Interoperable
Systems and Data
Digital aeronautical information management
Increased interoperability, efficiency and capacity
MET information supporting enhanced operation
Improved flow performance through network planning
Improved ops. through enhanced en-route trajectories
Optimum
Capacity and
Flexible Flights
Initial capability for ground surveillance
Air traffic situational awareness (ATSA)
Improved access to optimum flight levels
ACAS improvements
Increased effectiveness of ground based safety nets
Efficient Flight
Path
Initial application of data link en-route
Improved flexibility and efficiency in descent profiles
Improved flexibility and efficiency in departure profiles
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Airport Operations
B0-15
Improved Traffic Flow through Runway
Sequencing (AMAN/DMAN)
Metering
Time-based metering to sequence departing
and arriving flights
B0-65
Optimisation of Approach Procedures
including vertical guidance
This is the first step toward universal
implementation of GNSS-based approaches
B0-70
Increased Runway Throughput through
Wake Turbulence Separation
Improved throughput on departure and arrival
runways through the revision of current ICAO
wake vortex separation minima and
procedures (re-categorisation, CSPR and
WIDAO)
B0-75
Improved Safety & Efficiency of Surface
Operations (A-SMGCS Level 1 and 2)
Airport surface surveillance for ANSP
B0-80
Improved Airport Operations through
Airport CDM
Airport operational improvements through
the way operational partners at airports
work together
The combined Block 0 Modules
reduce fuel consumption and
noise by improving arrival
efficiencies and improving
information sharing
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Globally Interoperable Systems and Data
B0-25
Increased Interoperability, Efficiency and
Capacity through Ground-Ground
Integration
Supports the coordination of ground-ground
data communication between ATSU based
on ATS Inter-facility Data Communication
(AIDC) defined by ICO Document 9694
B0-30
Service Improvement through Digital
Aeronautical Information Management
Initial introduction of digital processing and
management of information, by the
implementation of AIS/AIM making use of
AIXM, moving to electronic AIP and better
quality and availability of data
B0-105 Meteorological Information Supporting
Enhanced Operational Efficiency & Safety
The dynamic integration of ATM and MET
information is expected to provide timely
meteorological information to enable real-time
identification, increased predictability and
deployment of operationally effective ATM
solutions to accommodate changing conditions, as
well as facilitate tactical avoidance of hazardous
meteorological conditions.
In Block 0 we improve overall
operations and continue to
enable Collaborative Decision
Making through improved
interfacilities communications
using standard information
formats
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Optimum Capacity and Flexible Flights
B0-10
Improved Operations through Enhanced En-Route
Trajectories
Implementation of performance-based
navigation (PBN concept) and flex tracking to avoid
significant weather and to offer greater fuel efficiency,
flexible use of airspace (FUA) through special activity
airspace allocation, airspace planning and time-based
metering, and collaborative decision-making (CDM) for
en-route airspace with increased information exchange
among ATM stakeholders
B0-35
Improved Flow Performance through
Planning based on a Network-Wide view
Collaborative ATFM measure to regulate peak flows
involving departure slots, managed rate of entry into a
given piece of airspace for traffic along a certain axis,
requested time at a waypoint or an FIR/sector boundary
along the flight, use of miles-in-trail to smooth flows
along a certain traffic axis and re-routing of traffic to
avoid saturated areas
B0-85
Air Traffic Situational Awareness (ATSA)
This module comprises two ATSA (Air Traffic
Situational Awareness) applications which will
enhance safety and efficiency by providing pilots
with the means to achieve quicker visual acquisition
of targets:
 AIRB (Enhanced Traffic Situational Awareness
during Flight Operations)
 VSA (Enhanced Visual Separation on
Approach).
Using procedural concepts (e.g. RNP,
FUA, etc.) and Air Traffic Situational
Awareness - combined with enhanced
planning tools and information sharing,
the enroute phase of flight supports
additional capacity and flexibility using
the Modules of Block 0
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Optimum Capacity and Flexible Flights
(cont’d)
B0-86
Improved access to Optimum Flight Levels
through Climb/Descent Procedures using ADSB
The aim of this module is to prevent flights to be
trapped at an unsatisfactory altitude for a prolonged
period of time. The In Trail Procedure (ITP) uses
ADS-B based separation minima to enable an
aircraft to climb or descend through the altitude of
other aircraft when the requirements of procedural
separation cannot be met.
B0-84
Initial Capability for Ground Surveillance
To provide an initial capability for lower cost ground
surveillance through new technologies such as ADSB OUT and wide area multilateration (MLAT)
systems. This capability can support various ATM
services, e.g. traffic information, search and rescue
and separation provision.
B0-101
ACAS Improvements
Implementation of ACAS with enhanced optional
features such as altitude capture laws reducing
nuisance alerts, linking to the autopilot for automatic
following of resolution advisories
B0-102
Increased Effectiveness of Ground Based Safety
Nets
Ground monitoring of the operational environment
during flight to provide timely alerts of risks to flight
safety. In this case, short-term conflict alert, area
proximity warnings and minimum safe altitude
warnings are proposed.
Using procedural concepts (e.g. RNP, FUA,
etc.) and Air Traffic Situational Awareness combined with enhanced planning tools
and information sharing, the enroute phase
of flight supports additional capacity and
flexibility using the Modules of Block 0
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Efficient Flight Path
B0-05
Improved Flexibility and Efficiency in
Descent Profiles (CDOs)
Deployment of performance-based airspace
and arrival procedures that allow the
aircraft to fly their optimum aircraft profile
taking account of airspace and traffic
complexity with continuous descent
operations (CDOs)
B0-20
Improved Flexibility and Efficiency in
Departure Profiles (CCOs)
Deployment of departure procedures that
allow the aircraft to fly their optimum
aircraft profile taking account of airspace
and traffic complexity with continuous
climb operations (CCOs)
B0-40
Improved Safety and Efficiency through the
initial application of Data Link En-Route
Implementation of an initial set of data link
applications for surveillance and
communications in ATC
The use of procedurally based
Optimized Profile Climbs and
Descents as well as an initial
Data Link Capability helps to
establish a Block 0 capability for
improved operational
efficiencies
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Challenges - How to Get There?
• It is all about managing risk
• Block 0 risks are minimum
– Global Readiness Checklist is complete
– The Modules are well understood and supported
• But risks do exist
– States may not be capable of ensuring successful deployment of Block 0
– If Block 0 is not implemented as a foundation, certain functionalities may
not be available as enablers for future blocks
– We must Identify and resolve policies necessary to enable the future
blocks now
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Implementation – The Time is Now
• The Modules of Block 0 are ready for implementation
today
– Standards are ready – The Infrastructure is available
– Avionics are ready
– Ground Automation is ready
– Procedures and Operational Approvals are in place
• Establishing the foundation for the future is now
• Care was taken to ensure that regional
implementation of the Blocks or the Modules are
well described and ready for implementation
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Summary and Conclusions
• The “Aviation System Block Upgrades” initiative is the
best approach to reach our goals:
– Enables global interoperability (which is our goal)
– Develops clear solutions (block upgrades)
– Establishes a transition plan (it’s a well thought out way for
going forward)
– Support the development of a Global CNS/AIM and
avionics roadmaps
• Block 0 is ready for deployment
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Points to Remember
• Block 0 leverages on capabilities within our grasp today
– Takes advantage of existing avionics
– Ready for implementation
• Priorities in Block 0: PBN, CCO & CDO
– ICAO held PBN Symposium in October 2012:
– Download documentation at: www.icao.int/Meetings/PBN-Symposium
• All WPs for Block 0 Modules available on Conference
Website
– www.icao.int/anconf12
• They will be presented at the AN-Conf
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