Command - GroundWork

Report
Getting Started with GroundWork Monitor
GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition 6.2
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION: Information contained herein is not for use or disclosure outside of GroundWork Open Source, Inc. © 2007 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Getting Started with GroundWork Monitor
GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
Powerful Monitoring
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Fully Supported Product
Open Architecture
Flexible Configuration
Open Source Roots
•
•
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Introductory course
How to use the product
You must pass the included exams
Course takes a day or two
Completion is a requirement for Quickstart Support
Questions while training? Send them to [email protected]
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Getting Started with GroundWork Monitor
Course Objectives
Nine modules addressing the main features of the product
• Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
• Download and Install
• Monarch, the Nagios Configuration Tool
• Autodiscovery
• Status and Event Console
• Dashboards
• Notifications and Escalations
• LDAP Authentication (optional)
• Getting Support
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Getting Started with GroundWork Monitor
Course Objectives for this Module
Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
• Basic Monitoring Process
• Applications Overview
• Key Monitoring Terminology
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition 6.2
Module 1: Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise
Edition
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
Basic Monitoring Process
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Process, Concepts, and Approach
Basic Monitoring Process
CONTROL INPUT
Commands and
Configurations
MONITORING ENGINE
DATA INPUT
Plugins and Agents
DATA OUTPUT
Phone, Pager,email
Reports, Dashboards
CONTROL OUTPUT
Event Handlers
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Process, Concepts, and Approach
GroundWork Monitor Software Architecture
Presentation
Authentication
User
Interface
Portal
Configuration
Portal
Administration
Status
Status & Event
Viewer
Viewers
Configuration
Dashboard
Widget
Custom
Report
Dashboards
Advanced
Reports
Datacenter
Integration
(CMDB,
Notifications,
OLAP, Incident
Management
Mobility
Interfaces
Jboss Portal
Collection
Command
Web Service
Status
Web Service
Performance
Web Service
Reporting
ODI
Configuration
API
Event
Web Service
Data
Management
Foundation
Normalization
MySQL
Datastore
Persistence/Caching
Feeders
Instrumentation
Nagios
Data
Collection
Plugin
API
Event
Broker
API
Cacti
Data
Input
Scripts
NeDi
NTop
NetSNMP
SNMPTT
MIBS
snmptt
Rules
WebInject
Ganglia
SEC
Tests
Metric
Modules
Rules
New Data Collector
or Subordinate
Monitoring
System
Environment
KEY
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
Documented in GDK WIKI
Documented in Bookshelf
Extensible
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Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
Enterprise Edition Applications Overview
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Enterprise Edition Applications Overview
GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition Applications
 Administration – Portal administration. Manage users, roles, and integrate new applications.
 Auto Discovery – Discover equipment on your network and deploy appropriate monitors.
 Configuration – Graphical Nagios configuration. Includes Performance Configuration tool.
 Reports – GroundWork Reports (Service Level), Insight Reports (System Availability and Performance),
and integrated Nagios Reports (Outage, Alerts and Notifications)Performance View – Configure RRD
based Performance Graphs from monitoring data
 Status – AJAX enabled web-based interface to view monitoring data. Includes Performance Graphs.
 Event Console – Real time operations nerve center view.
 My GroundWork – Personally configurable private dashboard for each user
 Dashboards– Shared customizable dashboards for all users. Create unique views of the infrastructure
 Resources – GroundWork Monitor product documentation and Open Source reference.
 WebMetrics – Versatile web site monitoring using the WebMetrics service
 Advanced– Nagios in its original CGI form
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Introduction to GroundWork Monitor Enterprise Edition
Key Definitions
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 Hosts – A server, workstation, or device for which the availability status is to be tracked or
mapped (e.g. localhost).
 Services – A monitor or check of a particular parameter/status associated with a Host (e.g.
Current Load).
 Host Groups – An arbitrary collection of Hosts into named sets (e.g. Linux Servers)
 State – The condition of Services and Hosts (e.g. UP, DOWN and OK, CRITICAL or WARNING
for services).
 State Change – Soft - the system retries a service check a programmable number of times;
and Hard - the retries have been exceeded.
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 Contacts, and Contact Groups – Contacts identify who should receive alert/recovery
notifications in the event of a problem on your network; Contact Groups are groupings of
one or more contacts.
 Notifications and Escalations –Communications to Contacts or Contact Groups for any
hard state change, hosts or service remaining in non-OK state, and acknowledgements.
 Flapping – Frequent changes in state, resulting in a storm of alarm and recovery
notifications. GroundWork Monitor can be configured to suppress alarms during flapping.
 Downtime – Scheduling downtime avoids alarm fatigue, provides more accurate reports,
generates a maintenance log..
 Dependencies – When a monitored item is not on the same subnet as the monitoring
server, monitoring is dependent upon the intervening switches and routers.
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 States of Hosts
•
Nagios assigns a State to each Host and Service
• Hosts either respond to a Host Check (typically a ping) or they don’t
• Based on this, the primary States for a host are UP or DOWN
• In addition, if a Host is behind a known network outage it will be given State of
UNREACHABLE
Host States
UP
DOWN
UNREACHABLE
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 States of Services
Services are compared against acceptability thresholds and have three states (OK,
WARNING & CRITICAL)
•
• If a measured parameter in a service is less than the WARNING threshold it returns a
State of OK
• If that parameter exceeds the WARNING threshold but is less than the CRITICAL
threshold it returns WARNING
• If that parameter exceeds the CRITICAL threshold it returns a State of CRITICAL
• Thresholds can be more complex than this example and contain multiple parameters
• If the service is configured incorrectly (i.e. bad arguments) return can be UNKNOWN
OK
Service States
Plugin Errors
WARNING
UNKNOWN
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
CRITICAL
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 Dependencies
 When a monitored item is not on the same subnet as the monitoring server, monitoring is
dependent upon the intervening switches and routers.
Dependency Relationships
N
R1
R2
SW1
SW2
S1
S4
M4
M5
S2
S3
M3
M1
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
M2
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 There are five kinds of dependency relationships
Network dependencies exist between devices and their upstream parents (defined using
the parents directive)
•
• Example: A host can depend on an upstream switch
• One host can depend on another host somewhere in the network (defined using the
host_dependency directive)
• Example: A web server can depend on a load balancer
• A service on one host can depend on a service on another host (service_dependency
directive)
• Example: An Application server’s speed can depend on a Database server’s query
response time
• Services can depend on other services on the same server (defined using the
service_dependency directive)
• Example: An snmp check can depend on the snmpd running on the same server
• Services have an inherent dependency on the server upon which they run
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Terminology
 Plugins, Commands, Services, and Profiles (1 of 2)
– Nagios - is the scheduler used in the GroundWork Monitor package
– Nagios executes external Plugins
– The command line syntaxes for Plugins are stored in Command definitions
– Scheduling, notification and procedural information for the Commands are
stored in Services
– Breaking from Nagios rules, GroundWork separates the definition of Services
from Hosts to permit selection from a library of Services
– A set of Services, appropriate for monitoring a particular architecture, can be
stored in a Service Profile
– Host Profiles are a collection of a Host Template plus one or more Service
Profiles
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
… in other words
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Key Definitions
Monitoring Definitions (continued)
 Plugins, Commands, Services, and Profiles (2 of 2)
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–
–
–
–
Host Profiles incorporate Service Profiles
Service Profiles incorporate Services
Each Service incorporates one Command
Each Command invokes one Plugin
The Plugin stands alone
Host Profile
Host Template
Service Profile
web_monitoring
Service Profile
Service
cpu
Service
Service
memory
Service
Service
disk
Service
Command
check_cpu
Command
Command
check_mem
Command
Command
check_disk
Command
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
© 2009 GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
Service
httpd
Service
Command
check_process
Command
Plugin
Plugin
Service
url_get
Service
Command
check_http
Command
Plugin
Plugin
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Thank you
GroundWork Open Source, Inc.
139 Townsend Street, Suite 500
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone: 415.992.4500
Website: www.gwos.com
Email: [email protected]
GroundWork Subscription Support: support.gwos.com
© 2009 GroundWork
Open Source, Inc.
Confidential
- Do not distribute
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