Report

Prime Time Problem 4.1 Answers A.) Answers will vary, but the longest string in the puzzle is: 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 7. B.) It is not possible to find a longer string than is in the puzzle. The longest possible string is 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 7. C.) Some strings can be broken down further to get longer strings. For example 420 x 2 can be split up into 210 x 2 x 2. D.) If all the numbers in a string are prime, the string is the longest possible. E.) Except for order, every whole number has exactly one longest string. How many ways can you factor 100? Let's do it together. Investigation 4 Notes VOCABULARY: Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - a whole number can be ________, except for order, into a _____________ of ___________ in exactly ____ way. for example, 100 can be written as: ______________________ factorization - a string of ________________ for example, one factorization for 100 is: ______________________ prime factorization - factor string of ________ numbers for example, the prime factorization for 100 is: ___________________ factor tree - an orderly record of your steps to find __________ _______________ Ex. 100 2 100 50 25 100 4 10 10 ***Although you arrive at the final product in different ways, all have the same prime factorization. Except for order, there is only ONE way to write it. exponents: small raised numbers used to tell how many times a _________ is repeated. For example, the prime factorization for 100 can be written using exponents as follows: ________________________ (this is called the short-cut method) Shortcuts to finding the GCF and LCM Greatest Common Factor (GCF) - The product of the longest prime factorization string that both numbers have in common. For ex. 24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 GCF = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12 Use this method to find the GCF of 125 and 80 Least Common Multiple (LCM) - The product of the shortest prime factorization string that both numbers have in common. 24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 LCM = 2 x 2 x 3 x 2 x 5 = 120 Use this method to find the LCM of 125 and 80 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 Investigation 4 Notes - Answer VOCABULARY: Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - a whole number can be factored, except for order, into a product of primes in exactly one way. for example, 100 can be written as: 2 x 2 x 5 x 5 factorization - a string of factors for example, one factorization for 100 is: 2 x 25 x 2 prime factorization - factor string of prime numbers for example, the prime factorization for 100 is: 2 x 2 x 5 x 5 factor tree - an orderly record of your steps to find prime factorization Ex. 100 2 100 50 2 25 25 5 5 100 4 5 2 10 2 2 10 5 2 5 5 ***Although you arrive at the final product in different ways, all have the same prime factorization. Except for order, there is only ONE w to write it. exponents: small raised numbers used to tell how many times a factor is repeated. For example, the prime factorization for 100 can be written using exponents as follows: 2² x 5² (this is called the short-cut method (usin exponential notation) Shortcuts to finding the GCF and LCM Greatest Common Factor (GCF) - The product of the longest prime factorization string that both numbers have in common. For ex. 24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 GCF = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12 Use this method to find the GCF of 125 and 80 125 = 5 x 5 x 5 80 = 5 x 2 x 2 x 2 GCF = 5 Least Common Multiple (LCM) - The product of the shortest prime factorization string that both numbers have in common. 24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 LCM = 2 x 2 x 3 x 2 x 5 = 120 Use this method to find the LCM of 125 and 80 125 = 5 x 5 x 5 80 = 5 x 2 x 2 x 2 LCM = 5 x 5 x 5 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 1,000 Prime Time Problem 4.2 Answers A.) From the pictures that we draw, we can read that 100 = 2 x 2 x 5 x 5. This string is a factorization of 100 into prime numbers. We now know (from Problem 4.1) that there is only 1 prime factorization for a number. Therefore, we call it the factorization instead of a factorization. B.) 72 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 120 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 600 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 5 C.) 72 = 2³x 3² 120 = 2³x 3 x 5 600 = 2³x 3 x 5² D1.) Answer may vary - example will use 9. 72 = 3 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 D2.) You could circle the other factors left in the factorization. 72 = 3 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 E.) 2 x 2 x 2 = 8 so 9 is paired with 8. Many possible answers. Example will use the multiple 144. Prime factorization of 72 = 3 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 Prime factorization of 144 = 3 x 3 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 The only difference is another factor of 2 is included because 144 is the second multiple of 72. Accordingly, every prime factorization for a multiple of 72 will contain the prime factorization of 72 in it. 30 Answer Make a Prime Factorization Tree Draw arrows and write the factors for the number until the factors are all prime numbers. Then Check your answers. Pull Hel p The last number on each arrow should be a prime number. Prime numbers are circled in black. 84 Answer Make a Prime Factorization Tree Draw arrows and write the factors for the number until the factors are all prime numbers. Then Check your answers. Pull Hel p The last number on each arrow should be a prime number. Prime numbers are circled in black. Make a Prime Factorization Tree 63 factors are all prime numbers. Then Check your answers. Pull Hel p The last number on each arrow should be a prime number. Prime numbers are circled in black. Draw arrows and write the factors for the number until the 91 Answer Make a Prime Factorization Tree Draw arrows and write the factors for the number until the factors are all prime numbers. Then Check your answers. Pull Hel p The last number on each arrow should be a prime number. Prime numbers are circled in black. 128 Draw arrows and write the factors for the number until the factors are all prime numbers. Then Check your answers. Pull Hel p The last number on each arrow should be a prime number. Prime numbers are circled in black. Answer Make a Prime Factorization Tree