Chapter 10 Notes - Bismarck Public Schools

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Chapter Ten
JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY
FILL IN YOUR GRAPHIC ORGANIZER WITH THESE NOTES…
WHEN:

In 1828 Andrew Jackson
was elected President
 John
C. Calhoun was Vice
President
 Resigned
 Martin
Van Buren replaced
Calhoun
 Democratic Party was born
WHERE:

1st President to
live west of the
Appalachian
Mountains
 Tennessee

Popular among men who
lived in the West and
South
WHO:
1st President born in a log
cabin
 Common Man’s Hero
 Populist – supporter of
the rights and power
of the people

 On
Inauguration Day, he opened
the White House to EVERYONE!!
WHAT:

Expanded Suffrage


Brought together a coalition of “common men”




White men with little or no property could vote
Factory workers in the Northeast
Farmers (non-slaveholders) in the South
Pioneer farmers in the West
Restructured Federal Institutions



Spoils System – give government jobs to supporters
Shut down National Bank – remove the wealthy
unelected elite from controlling the economy
Kitchen Cabinet – group of informal advisors (often
met in the White House kitchen)
THE CONTRADICTION
Railed against class supremacy /
believed in white supremacy
 Insistent on equality of white men /
took racism for granted
 Subjugation of Native American

 Indian

Removal Act
Supported Slavery
 Jackson
determined to keep slavery issue
out of national affairs (gag-rule)
WHY:

In 1828, everybody came out to vote –
Why?
 Common

man distrusted the Eastern elites!
Economics / Politics
 Eastern
elites ran the economy and the
federal government
 Common man did not want to be shut out!
 Secure
economic independence
 Thought John Quincy Adams stole the Election
of 1824
HOW:
Jackson portrayed as “a man of the
people”
 First to run a modern campaign

 Songs
 Slogans
 Buttons
 Parades
 Rallies
 Barbecues
NULLIFICATION CRISIS


Tariff of Abominations passed in 1828 – a protective tariff
to support the idea of a strong central government
 Northern region was getting richer and richer (industry)
 South Carolina was poor.
 Farmers and high prices don’t mix.
V.P. Calhoun led a dispute against the tariff and said states
could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated
the Constitution.
 Congress should not favor one state or region over
another.
 States should have more power than federal power.
Conflict between the supporters of the tariff and the
opponents and their disputes became known as the
Nullification Crisis.
WHAT WAS THE WHIG PARTY?
Whigs were the “I hate Andrew
Jackson” party
 Born in 1832 to oppose “King Jackson”
 Most famous Whig was Henry Clay

 War
of 1812 War Hawk
 1824 “made” John Quincy Adams president
 Speaker of the House
 Great Compromiser on slavery issues
 Never elected President
WHIG PRESIDENTS:





William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Whig Party died out in the 1850s… over the
issue of slavery


Everyone that opposed slavery joined the
Republican Party and voted for Abraham Lincoln
Jacksonian Democracy also died over the issue of
slavery

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