2012 Survey Analysis Harvard College Students July 2012 The Survey Comprised of sixteen questions including: “Are you fluent, conversational, or proficient in more than one language?” “What helped you become proficient?” The survey aimed to discern the respondent's levels of linguistic and cultural exposure. * * See appendix for exact survey format The Sample The survey was primarily distributed among Harvard College class of 2014 and 2015 students. The following is analysis of the thirty responses. Sample Primary Languages Other 17% English 83% Others: Spanish, Hindi, Armenian, Telugu, Polish Number of Education Systems Several 33% Single 67% Multilingualism Monolingual 13% Multilingual 87% Averages 87 % of respondents were proficient in at least one language other than English. The survey’s respondents were proficient in an average of 2.6 languages each. Non-English, Second Language Choices Reason for Learning a Second Language Interest 36% Family/Heritage 44% Strategic 20% Introduction to Second Language Other 19% At home 31% At school 50% Other: Generally self-driven motivation, influence of friends Method to Achieving Proficiency Study Abroad 24% Media 20% School 16% Family 40% Appendix: The Survey What language did you speak at home while growing up? * How old are you? * What nationality are you? * What country are you a citizen of? What ethnicity do you identify with? This can be the same as above. In what city were you born? * In what city were you raised? * Where do you currently reside? * What is your first language? * What is your native tongue, the language you are most comfortable speaking in? Are you fluent, conversational, or proficient in more than one language? * If not, skip to question 14. If so, what is your second language? How did you learn this language? Why did you choose to learn this language? What helped you become proficient? For example, did you do an immersion program? Watch TV in that language? Speak to relatives? Please list other languages you can speak and write. What are your parents'/guardians' native tongues? * What are your parents'/guardians' nationalities? * If you are married or in a civil union, what is your partner's native language? What are the nationalities and language backgrounds of your close friends? * Where did you go to school (pre-college)? * Please list the locations and names of the schools you attended. Did you switch school systems or districts? If so, please list when and where you switched. Where did you attend college and graduate school, if you did? If you switched education systems, what did you find the most challenging? Switching education systems would be, for example, elementary school in the United States and middle school in Europe or Japan. Switching districts or moving across states that are subject to the same type of education system (e.g. American, British, Indian) does not count. If you have graduated from college, please briefly list your professional positions and cities of residence since then. What were some positives about your education? What were some issues regarding your education? What were some turning points in your acquisition of self-confidence, if any?