1 - Bloom High School

Report
Tuesday December 3, 2013
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
• Turn in 7.2 reading/writing
• Answer the following in your notes:
7.2 Sectional Differences
– Why did Northern industrialist favor protective
tariffs?
– Name a geography advantage that helped the
North with industry
– How did population help the north to industrialize?
– How did the cotton gin effect agriculture in the
South?
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
How did domestic and foreign policies reflect
the nationalism of the times?
7.3 Objectives
• Analyze the causes and effects of
nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
• Describe the impact of nationalism on the
nation’s foreign policy.
• Summarize the struggle over the issue of
slavery as the nation grew.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.
American
nationalism
was also
reflected in
the Monroe
Doctrine.
• President Monroe feared France
or Spain might retake newly
independent republics in Latin
America.
• Monroe warned European
monarchies they had no business
in the Americas and promised the
United States would not involve
itself in Europe.
• In 1823 the United States was
incapable of enforcing the Monroe
Doctrine, but in time it became a
cornerstone of American foreign
policy.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.
United States policy toward Florida
reflected nationalism.
In 1818, Andrew Jackson invaded Florida
to fight the Seminole Indians who
harbored runaway slaves.
Madison’s Secretary of State John
Quincy Adams concluded the AdamsOnís Treaty by which the United States
purchased Florida from Spain.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.
Adams-Onis Treaty
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
Despite nationalistic feelings, sectional
differences remained strong.
• In 1819, Missouri sought admission as a slaveowning state.
• Acceptance would upset the balance between free
and slave-owning states in the U.S. Senate.
• A northern proposal to ban slavery as the price of
Missouri’s admission caused debate.
• The slavery debate worried many. Thomas Jefferson
likened it to a “fire-bell in the night.”
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
N
O
T
E
S
Henry Clay
averted a
crisis with
the Missouri
Compromise
of 1820.
• Maine and Missouri
became states together
— ME free, MO slave.
• A line was drawn
across the territories;
any new state south of
Missouri’s southern
border would be slave,
anything north free.
Still, Southerners were worried. They blamed the
1822 Denmark Vessey plot on the Missouri debate.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
Tuesday December 3, 2013
• Turn in 7.3 reading/writing
• Answer the following in your notes:
7.3 Era of Nationalism
– Which court case used a broad interpretation of the
Constitution to expand federal powers?
(specifically, it reinforced the idea that national
laws outrank state laws)
– Which document/agreement best showed the
impact of Nationalism on foreign policy?
– Which document/agreement attempted to solve the
slavery debate by literally drawing a line to show
where slavery was and was not allowed?
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
Under President
James Monroe,
the Democratic
Republicans
enjoyed an
“era of good
feelings.”
The party backed nationalistic
economic policies that used
federal power to assist
business and industry.
This focus on business was a
change from the
government’s earlier support
of agriculture and a weak
federal government.
With so little political fighting,
some believed that political
parties might disappear.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
N
O
T
E
S
Henry Clay campaigned for a nationalistic
economic policy called the American System,
which included:
• high tariffs to protect industrial
growth.
• road and canal construction, called
internal improvements, to link the
different sections of the nation.
• National Bank to reduce uncertainty
about the value of money Clay believed the different regions could work
together for the prosperity of the entire nation.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
Clay wanted reestablishment of a national bank
to control the nation’s money supply and banking.
The First National Bank’s charter expired in 1811.
Private and state banks were printing their own
money, causing widespread uncertainty in value.
Clay argued that control over the nation’s money
supply and banking would restore confidence.
As a result, Congress established the Second
Bank of the United States in 1816.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
Supreme Court Cases
• Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
• Established judicial review
• Gibbons vs. Ogdon (1824)
• Interstate commerce can
only be regulated by the
federal government
N
O
T
government
E • McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819) • National
outranks state government
S
• Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)
• National law can nullify
state law
• Dartmouth College vs.
Woodward (1819)
• States could not interfere
with contracts
• Worchester vs. Georgia (1832) • Recognized the Cherokee
nation as a distinct political
community (Jackson ignored
this ruling)
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
The Supreme
Court continued
to strengthen
federal power
under Chief
Justice John
Marshall
Marshall first applied
Federalist principles
when he supported
Judicial Review in
Marbury v. Madison.
In Dartmouth College v.
Woodward and Fletcher
v. Peck Marshall limited
the power of state
governments to interfere
with business contracts.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
In
McCulloch v. Maryland
(1819)
Marshall asserted
the superiority of federal
law over state laws.
• The state of Maryland
tried to tax a branch of
the Second National Bank.
• Marshall ruled that the
power to tax is the power
to destroy and a state
can’t use taxes to destroy
a bank created by
Congress.
• The ruling broadly defined
commerce and the power
of Congress to control it.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
An interconnected national economy
resulted in cycles of “boom or bust.”
During busts farmers often blamed the
banks for their difficulties.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
An “American
Renaissance”
in art and
literature
reflected the
nationalism
of the era.
• Authors like James
Fenimore Cooper
(The Leatherstocking
Tales) created a
genre of frontier
adventure stories.
• Painters celebrated
America’s beauty in
the landscapes of the
Hudson River School.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
Paintings like Jasper Cropsey’s 1859 Autumn on the Hudson
celebrated the beauty of the wild American land.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth
325
13
Section
Chapter
Section
1
How did domestic and foreign policies reflect
the nationalism of the times?
After the War of 1812, nationalism affected economic and
foreign policy and began to create a sense of national identity.
Supreme Court rulings supported nationalism by favoring
federal power.
Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the
years following the War of 1812.
Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.
Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.
A Era
of Nationalism
The
Technology
Cold War
Begins
and
Industrial Growth

similar documents