The Usual Suspects - Red Hat Developer Day

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The Usual Suspects
Creating a Cloud Development Environment with
Sonar, Selenium and JMeter on OpenShift Origin
Jorge Hidalgo
Senior Technology Architect
Accenture Delivery Centre in Spain – Java Lead
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
The Usual Suspects
Creating a Cloud Development Environment with Sonar,
Selenium and JMeter on OpenShift Origin
Abstract: OpenShift has already established itself as a great platform to run Java applications (plus
many other technologies) in the Cloud. But OpenShift also offers the foundation for a development
environment, including source control with Git, build automation with Maven and continuous
integration with Jenkins. In this session, we will learn how to extend the basic development
environment and create a more powerful environment on OpenShift featuring “usual suspects”
such as Sonar for continuous quality assurance, Selenium for functional testing, JMeter for
performance/load testing as well as Arquillian for in-container testing. The session includes a live
demo built on OpenShift Origin.
Speaker: Jorge Hidalgo – Senior Technology Architect
Accenture Delivery Centre in Spain – Java Lead
Author of dr. macphail’s trance blog: http://deors.wordpress.com
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
The Usual Suspects
What is a Development
Environment?
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
The Usual Suspects
How Cloud Platforms
can be of help?
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
The Usual Suspects
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Agenda
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Understanding the Basics – Git and Apache Maven
Continuous Integration with Jenkins
Continuous Quality Assurance with Sonar
Functional, Cross-browser Tests with Selenium WebDriver
Performance/Load Tests with Apache JMeter
In-Container Tests with Arquillian
Q&A
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
00: Understanding the Basics
– Git and Apache Maven
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Understanding the Basics
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Each application in OpenShift comes with a Git repository.
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Stores sources, configuration, binaries and scripts.
Each push action to the repository triggers a new build and
deploy process.
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Details on what means “build and deploy” depends on the
type of application, and can be customised with action hooks.
git push origin master
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
action hooks for
a DIY app
Understanding the Basics
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For Java applications (jbossas-7 type) builds are managed
with Apache Maven.
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Isolated configuration.
Isolated local repository.
Lifecycle standardisation.
validate
package
verify
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compile
test
integration-test
install
deploy
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
action hooks for
a jbossas-7 app
Preparing Pet Clinic
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We are using Spring Pet Clinic reference application as test
subject.
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Resource redirection fixed to work with Tomcat 7 and JBoss 7
Added some Selenium and Apache JMeter test scripts
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Pet Clinic
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Create a new JBoss application:
Command line
>rhc app create -a petclinic -t jbossas-7
UUID: a74be67eaafb4ced969a279ce3082e03
Git URL: ssh:[email protected]/~/git/petclinic.git/
Public URL: http://petclinic-demo.example.com/
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Pet Clinic
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Add MySQL cartridge:
Command line
>rhc app cartridge add -a petclinic -c mysql-5.1
Root User: admin
Root Password: Uvvp2ZZ_nBzn
Database Name: petclinic
Connection URL: mysql://127.0.250.129:3306/
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Preparing Pet Clinic
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Merge Pet Clinic sources and configuration.
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Load schema and initial data:
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Connect your favourite database client to the MySQL
cartridge:
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Run the scripts at: src/main/resources/db/mysql
Alternatively:
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OpenShift: redirect ports with command rhc port-forward.
Origin: use the client directly in the Origin box.
Run scripts on app start and disable them next time here:
src/main/resources/applicationContext-dataSource.xml
Commit and push.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Pet Clinic
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
01: Continuous Integration
with Jenkins
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Continuous Integration
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OpenShift offers easy configuration of Jenkins, the popular
Continuous Integration engine.
Jenkins dashboard runs as another application within our
domain. Jenkins consumes one gear.
– For each application managed with Jenkins a especial type of
Java application is created: the builder. Builders consume gears.
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•
Why add Jenkins?
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Centralized build reports: status, error causes, which version is
deployed, change log, etc.
Better control to build process, e.g. add code profiling, add
integration tests.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Jenkins Installation and Configuration
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Create a new Jenkins application:
Command line
>rhc app create -a jenkins -t jenkins-1.4
UUID: 810197679f614bee8414b0fb701f50fc
Git URL: ssh:[email protected]/~/git/jenkins.git/
Public URL: http://jenkins-demo.example.com/
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Jenkins Installation and Configuration
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Add build job (and builder app) for Pet Clinic:
Command line
>rhc app cartridge add -a petclinic –c
jenkins-client-1.4
Job URL: https://jenkins-demo.example.com/job/petclinicbuild/
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Jenkins Installation and Configuration
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02: Continuous Quality Assurance
with Sonar
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Continuous Quality Assurance
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Sonar is a popular code profiler and dashboard that excels
when used along a Continuous Integration engine:
Seamless integration with Maven.
– Leverages best-of-breed tools as Checkstyle, PMD or FindBugs.
– Configurable quality profiles.
– Re-execution of tests and test code coverage (UT, IT).
– Design Structure Matrix analysis.
– Flexible and highly customisable dashboard.
– Actions plans / peer reviews.
– Historic views / run charts.
– Can be used with Java, .Net, C/C++, Groovy, PHP,...
–
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Sonar Installation and Configuration
•
Create a new DIY application:
Command line
>rhc app create -a sonar -t diy-0.1
UUID: 4cd9eacb71b34401b81ea712352ffccb
Git URL: ssh:[email protected]/~/git/sonar.git/
Public URL: http://sonar-demo.example.com/
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Sonar Installation and Configuration
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Add MySQL cartridge:
Command line
>rhc app cartridge add -a sonar -c mysql-5.1
Root User: admin
Root Password: VyikSHzlLvjx
Database Name: sonar
Connection URL: mysql://127.0.251.129:3306/
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Sonar Installation and Configuration
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Unzip Sonar distribution to app root folder.
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Update conf/sonar.properties with settings for MySQL
cartridge and bind to OpenShift internal IP and port:
File: /sonar/sonar-3.1.1/conf/sonar.properties
sonar.web.host:
127.0.251.129
sonar.web.port:
8080
sonar.web.context:
/
sonar.jdbc.username: admin
sonar.jdbc.password: VyikSHzlLvjx
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sonar.jdbc.driver:
com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
sonar.jdbc.url:
jdbc:mysql://127.0.251.129:3306/sonar
?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
&rewriteBatchedStatements=true
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Sonar Installation and Configuration
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Update action hooks with the appropriate commands to
start and stop Sonar:
File: /sonar/.openshift/action_hooks/start
#!/bin/bash
cd $OPENSHIFT_REPO_DIR/sonar-3.1.1/bin/linux-x86-64
chmod 755 wrapper
sh ./sonar.sh start
File: /sonar/.openshift/action_hooks/stop
#!/bin/bash
cd $OPENSHIFT_REPO_DIR/sonar-3.1.1/bin/linux-x86-64
sh ./sonar.sh stop
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Sonar Installation and Configuration
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Add this to Pet Clinic build job to trigger the Sonar analysis
before packaging and deploying the application:
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean test
export SONAR_JDBC="-Dsonar.jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.251.129:3306/sonar
?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8"
export SONAR_DRIVER=-Dsonar.jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
export SONAR_DBUSER=-Dsonar.jdbc.username=admin
export SONAR_DBPASS=-Dsonar.jdbc.password=VyikSHzlLvjx
export SONAR_URL=-Dsonar.host.url=http://sonar-demo.example.com
export SONAR_OPTS="$SONAR_JDBC $SONAR_DRIVER $SONAR_DBUSER $SONAR_DBPASS $SONAR_URL"
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR sonar:sonar $SONAR_OPTS
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Sonar Installation and Configuration
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
03: Functional, Cross-browser Tests
with Selenium WebDriver
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Functional Tests
•
Selenium is a popular framework / tool that allows, for web
based applications, to record, re-execute and distribute
tests across multiple browsers and computers.
Because Java-only tests may not be enough.
– Can run with HtmlUnit to simulate a real browser (useful to
gather code coverage metrics).
– Can run with local browsers or distributed across computers in
a grid.
– The grid can be hosted in OpenShift, but browsers cannot –
need dedicated machines with a desktop session that will act
as test nodes.
– You can use your Origin box as both hub and test node.
–
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Selenium Grid Hub Installation and Configuration
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Create a new DIY application:
Command line
>rhc app create -a seleniumhub -t diy-0.1
UUID: ddd8d0a2182b4b6799ec7c7ce8ae62b8
Git URL: ssh://ddd8d0a2182b4b6799ec7c7ce8ae62b8@
seleniumhub-demo.example.com/~/git/seleniumhub.git/
Public URL: http://seleniumhub-demo.example.com
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Selenium Grid Hub Installation and Configuration
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Copy selenium-server-standalone-2.25.0.jar (or other version) to folder
selenium-2.25.0.
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Update action hooks with appropriate commands to start and stop the hub:
File: /seleniumhub/.openshift/action_hooks/start
#!/bin/bash
nohup java -jar $OPENSHIFT_REPO_DIR/selenium-2.25.0/
selenium-server-standalone-2.25.0.jar -role hub
-host $OPENSHIFT_INTERNAL_IP -port $OPENSHIFT_INTERNAL_PORT
>>$OPENSHIFT_LOG_DIR/seleniumhub.log 2>&1 &
File: /seleniumhub/.openshift/action_hooks/stop
#!/bin/bash
kill `ps -ef | grep selenium | grep -v grep | awk '{ print $2 }'` >
/dev/null 2>&1
exit 0
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Selenium Grid Hub Installation and Configuration
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Update Maven target in Pet Clinic build job to launch
Selenium tests with HtmlUnit to gather code coverage:
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
BEFORE
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean test
... Sonar settings ...
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR sonar:sonar $SONAR_OPTS
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
AFTER
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean verify
–Pcargo-tomcat,selenium-tests
... Sonar settings ...
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR sonar:sonar $SONAR_OPTS
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Selenium Grid Hub Installation and Configuration
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Add this at the end of Pet Clinic build job to launch Selenium
tests with real browsers once the app is deployed:
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
export SELENIUM_BROWSERS="-Dtest.run.htmlunit=false
-Dtest.run.firefox=true -Dtest.run.chrome=true"
export SELENIUM_HUB="-Dtest.selenium.hub.url=
http://seleniumhub-demo.example.com/wd/hub"
export SELENIUM_TARGET="-Dtest.target.server.url=
http://petclinic-demo.example.com"
export SELENIUM_OPTS="$SELENIUM_BROWSERS $SELENIUM_HUB $SELENIUM_TARGET"
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR failsafe:integration-test
–Pselenium-tests $SELENIUM_OPTS
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Pet Clinic Advanced Settings
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What is the cargo-tomcat Maven profile doing?
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Provisions a Tomcat 7 container before ITs are executed.
Tomcat runs with JaCoCo agent to gather coverage metrics.
Stops the Tomcat 7 container after ITs are executed.
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Instead of Tomcat, we could use Glassfish, JBoss, Jetty...
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Pet Clinic Advanced Settings
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What is the selenium-tests Maven profile doing?
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Configures Maven’s Failsafe plug-in to execute Selenium
integration tests during Maven’s integration-test phase.
Tell Sonar where to find JaCoCo report.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Pet Clinic Advanced Settings
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How are we dealing with different configuration for local
and cloud execution?
By default, assumes local execution (so developers can test within
their IDEs). Local settings also work in CI server.
– Leverage openshift profile to copy configuration files over default
ones when packaging the app for OpenShift.
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Selenium in Action
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Integration Tests Coverage as Seen by Sonar
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04: Performance/Load Tests
with Apache JMeter
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Performance/Load Tests
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Performance/Load Tests purpose is to verify application
performance under stress:
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Capable of handling multiple requests at the same time.
Well designed and implemented for concurrency.
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Adding Load Tests to continuous integration allows for early
detection of concurrency and performance issues.
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Engineers/Architects may define thresholds to prevent
deployments of non performant builds.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Performance/Load Tests
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Apache JMeter is a veteran framework / tool that allows to
record, define and re-execute a wide variety of integration
tests:
HTTP requests.
– Web Services (SOAP, JAX-RPC) requests.
– And many more.
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JMeter is capable of running tests concurrently using
multiple threads:
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Locally, limited due to the amount of available resources.
Remotely, using JMeter Server on multiple test nodes (load
injectors).
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Adding JMeter Tests to Jenkins and Sonar
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Update Maven target in Pet Clinic build job to launch JMeter
tests and save them in a known place for Sonar:
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
BEFORE
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean verify
-Pcargo-tomcat,selenium-tests
Jenkins job: petclinic-build
AFTER
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean verify
-Pcargo-tomcat,selenium-tests,jmeter-tests
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Pet Clinic Advanced Settings
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What is the jmeter-tests Maven profile doing?
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Configures Maven’s JMeter plug-in to execute JMeter tests
during Maven’s integration-test phase.
Tell Sonar where to find JMeter report.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
JMeter Execution Report as Seen by Sonar
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
05: In-Container Tests
with Arquillian
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In-Container Tests
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There is a gap between ‘strict’ unit tests (method or class
level, in isolation) and functional integration tests (focused
on user interactions).
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Another type of tests, called unit-integration tests or incontainer tests, bridge that gap and help testing application
components:
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Within a container, using the services the container provides.
Key to properly test features like: AOP transactions, AOP error
handling, CDI bean injection, etc.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
In-Container Tests
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Arquillian is a popular in-container test framework, recently
born but with great traction in the community.
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Key features of Arquillian include:
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It’s open and modular – very easy to add extensions and new
features.
Allows for cross-container tests with the help of Maven
profiles – very convenient if you want to test your components
in multiple containers (Weld, JBoss, Glassfish...).
Makes all the plumbing for you – prepares deployable units
and puts them into the container of choice, either embedded
(within the same JVM) or not (local / remote containers).
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Arquillian Test Application
•
Create a new JBoss application:
Command line
>rhc app create -a arqtest -t jbossas-7
UUID: 0690fabf2e3549abb746a911d8087227
Git URL: ssh:[email protected]/~/git/arqtest.git/
Public URL: http://arqtest-demo.example.com/
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Merge sources and configuration from test application.
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Using some examples from Arquillian web site.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Arquillian Test Application
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Add build job (and builder app) for Arqtest:
Command line
>rhc app cartridge add -a arqtest -c jenkinsclient-1.4
Job URL: https://jenkins-demo.example.com/job/arqtestbuild/
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Preparing Arquillian Test Application
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Add this to Arqtest build job to launch Arquillian tests:
Jenkins job: arqtest-build
BEFORE
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR --version
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean package –Popenshift
-DskipTests
Jenkins job: arqtest-build
AFTER
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR --version
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean test
-Parquillian-glassfish-embedded
mvn --global-settings $OPENSHIFT_MAVEN_MIRROR clean package –Popenshift
-DskipTests
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Commit and push.
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Running Arqtest Build Job
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Arqtest build job will execute tests with a Glassfish
embedded container:
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
The Usual Suspects – Wrap up
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•
Platforms like OpenShift enable development teams to
build and use powerful, best-of-breed development tools.
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Easy access to the best software engineering practices.
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With Origin, you get all the tools you need in the same box.
Deploy it locally or in your in-house infrastructure.
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Excellent for individuals and small development teams...
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...But if you work in a larger team and want more power,
why not deploy the same in OpenShift?
The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo
Q&A
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The Usual Suspects – Jorge Hidalgo

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