English Affixes

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English Affixes- Notes
SEVENTH GRADE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS
Mal The Latin prefix mal- means “bad”
 Can you come up with three words that begin with
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this prefix?
malfunction
maladjusted
malnutrition
maldigestion
malevolence
malformation
Per The Latin prefix per- means “through” or
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“completely.”
Can you come up with three more words that start
with this prefix?
persevere
percolate
persuade
per capita
perceive
percent
-ment
 The Latin suffix –ment- means the act of quality
of
 movement
 supplement
 advisement
-ious
 The Latin suffix –ious- means full of
 Glamorous
 Precious
 Precarious
-ness
 The Old English suffix –ness means “the
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condition or quality of being.” It usually indicates
the word is a noun.
Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
dreariness
togetherness
greatness
-able
 The Latin suffix –able means “capable” or “worthy
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of being.”
Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
lovable
enjoyable
preferable
-just The Latin root –just- means “law” or “fair and
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right”.
Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
justifies
adjustment
justice
-rupt The Latin root –rupt- means “break” or “burst”.
 Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
 interrupted
 abrupt
 corruption
-leg The Latin root –leg- means “law”.
 Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
 allegation
 legacy
 privilege
-peti The Latin root –peti- means “to ask , request, or
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strive after.”
Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
repetitive
impetuous
appetite
-vers The Latin root –vers- means “to turn”.
 Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
 diversion
 adverse
 versatile
-sol The Latin root –sol- means “alone”.
 Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
 desolate
 soloist
 soliloquy
-lum The Latin root –lum- means “light”.
 Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
 luminescence
 aluminate
 clumsy
-gram The Greek root –gram- means “write,” “draw,” or
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“record”.
Can you come up with three words that have this
root?
telegram
diagram
grammar
-ly
 The Latin suffix –ly means “like” or in the manner
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of.
Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
prickly
haphazardly
rapidly
-y
 The Greek suffix –y means “marked by” or
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“having”.
Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
brawny
brainy
shifty
-ly and -y
 Use what you know about the Latin suffix –ly and
the Greek suffix –y to explain your answer to each
of the questions.
 If I lack credibility, does that mean you will put
your trust in me with your money?
 If someone lives for a century, they will be 10 years
of age?
-ancy or -ency
 The Latin suffix –ancy or –ency means “the state
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of being.”
Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
expectancy
hesitancy
consistency
-less
 The Old English suffix-less means “without.”
 Can you come up with three more words that end
with this suffix?
 Fathomless
 Fearless
 meaningless
Im The Latin prefix im- means “in,” “into,” or
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“toward.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this prefix?
impassioned
impervious
immobile
Un The Old English prefix un- means “not.”
 Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this prefix?
 uncommonly
 unpredictable
 uninformed
-grat The Latin root –grat- means “thankful” or
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“pleasing.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this root?
gratitude
congratulate
disintegration
Inter The Latin prefix inter- means “between” or
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“among.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this prefix?
intercedes
interact
intercept
-sist The Latin root –sist- means “stand.”
 Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this root?
 persistently
 assist
 desist
-vac The Latin root –vac- means “empty.”
 Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this root?
 vacancy
 vacation
 vacuous
-dom The Latin root –dom- means “master” or
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“building.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this root?
dominions
domain
predominate
Out The Old English prefix out- means “outside” or
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“more than.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this prefix?
outskirts
outcast
outpatient
Uni The Latin prefix uni- means “having or consisting
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of only one.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this prefix?
unanimous
unity
unilateral
-ity
 The Latin suffix –ity means “state,” “quality,” or
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“condition of.”
Can you come up with three more words that begin
with this suffix?
curiosity
density
integrity

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