End Zone Explain the importance of being an informed health consumer Name reliable sources of health-related and fitnessrelated information Name and describe examples of health and fitness misconceptions and quackery Evaluate health-related and fitness-related facilities Describe the proper clothing and equipment that you need for physical activity. Evaluate printed material, videos, and internet resources related to health and fitness. What have you bought? Turn to a neighbor and share when you bought something and it didn’t do what you bought it for Turn to another neighbor and share when you bought something and it actually performed the way it claimed to do What is Quackery? Quackery is a method of advertising or selling that uses false claims to lure people into buying products that are worthless or even harmful. What is a quack, fraud, or con? A quack is a person who practices quackery A fraud is a person who practices and is guilty of quackery A con is one who practices fraud to try to deceive you and get you to buy products or services that they know are ineffective or even harmful Detecting Quackery and Fraud Check Credentials Be Wary of Advisors Who Sell Products Check the Organizations of the Experts You Consult Be Wary of Those Who Promise Immediate Results Be Suspicious of Sale Pitches that Promise Results Too Good to Be True Be Cautious About Mail-Order and Internet Sales Be Wary of Product Claims Be Wary of Untested Products Health Quackery Food supplements are products that are not a part of the typical diet but is added to the regular diet. Sports supplements are products sold to enhance athletic performance. Fad diets are nutritionally unbalanced and promise immediate results. Fitness Quackery Passive exercises are ineffective and use outside forces or machines rather than using your own muscles to use your body Figure Wrapping is wearing nonporous garments or special baths to lose weight Spot Reducing is doing an exercise to remove fat in a specific location on your body Evaluating Health Clubs Join on a pay-as-you go basis, if possible Choose a well-established club Make a trial visit to the club Choose a club that meets your personal needs Consider special medical needs Special Clothing and Equipment Wear comfortable, safe and inexpensive clothing Consider inexpensive home equipment Consider your personal needs before buying equipment Be sure before you buy Make sure you have the space to put the equipment Evaluating Books and Articles Consider the credentials of the author Check for sound information The recommended exercises should be safe and effective Evaluating Exercise Videos Apply the same guidelines as recommended for books and articles. Choose a video that includes appropriate warmup and cool-down exercises Make sure the video contains only safe exercises Choose a video that rotates the use of muscle groups and all parts of fitness Evaluating Exercise Videos cont. Choose a video that is appropriate for all ability levels Make sure the exercises start gradually and progress in intensity Choose a video with a fun and interesting routine. If the video does not meet all of these guidelines, modify it. Evaluating Internet Resources Who developed the Website? Does the Website sell products? Do you recognize any suspicious techniques? Do experts find the Website credible? How can we tell if an organization is a Reliable Consumer Agency?