Must

Report
OBLIGATIONS
MUST / MUSTN’T
MUST / MUSTN’T
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
Must
must
mustn’t
(must not)
I
you
we
they
he
she
it
go to bed early.
go there.
see him?
MUST
‘Must’ konuşmacının bir durum ya da eylemi “çok gerekli yada
zorunlu” gördüğü durumlarda kullanılır. Konuşmacı, kendisinin veya
başkasının bir şeyi yapma zorunluluğu olduğunu düşünmüşse,
cümlesinde ‘must’ sözcüğünü tercih eder.
- Everybody in a family must work.
(Ailede herkes çalışmalıdır.)
- We must save up some money for the future.
(Gelecek için biraz para biriktirmeliyiz.)
- We must stop when the light is red.
(Trafik ışığı kırmızı yandığında durmalıyız.)
MUST
- You must pay your debt immediately.
(Borcunu hemen ödemek zorundasın / ödemelisin.)
- Must I open the windows?
(Pencereleri açmak zorunda mıyım?)
- Must you leave so soon?
( Bu kadar erken mi gitmen gerekiyor?)
- Why must you see him?
(Onu niçin görmen gerekiyor?)
MUST
Bill: I have a toothache.
Jane: You must go to a dentist.
Ivy: You’re driving fast.
John: I’m not fast.
Ivy: You must drive slowly.
MUSTN’T
•
‘Mustn’t’ ifadesi yasaklama durumunda kullanılır. Yasaklanmış ya da
yapılmaması gereken eylemler bu yapıyla ifade edilir.
MUSTN’T
MUSTN’T
- You mustn’t tell lies.
(Yalan söylememelisin.)
- You mustn’t be late for school.
(Okula geç kalmamalısın.)
- You mustn’t eat food in class.
(Sınıfta yiyecek yememelisin)
- You must not smoke on a bus.
(Otobüste sigara içmemelisiniz / sigara içmek yasak.)
- You mustn’t speak loudly in a library.
(Kütüphanede sesli konuşmamalısın.)
Must – Mustn’t
Complete the sentences using must or mustn’t
1- Your aunt Mary is ill. We ……… go and see her.
2- You ………. read this book. It’s perfect.
3- Sue…………. take a taxi to the airport because there aren’t many busses.
4- You ………. touch the pictures. It’s forbidden.
5- It is very late. I …………. miss the last bus back home.
6- There are many mistakes in your paper. You ……….. pay more attention.
7- There is an important meeting tomorrow. I ………… go to work early and get
ready for everything.
8- You ………… forget to book your plane ticket. It’s important.
HAVE/HAS TO
DON’T/DOESN’T HAVE TO
HAVE TO / HAS TO
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
have to
wear a tie at work.
has to
wait.
HAVE TO / HAS TO
Konuşmacı,
kendisi
veya
başkasının
yapmakla
yükümlü
olduğu
eylemlerden bahsederken, kendi fikri dışında herhangi bir durum, yasa,
kural ya da başka bir kişiden kaynaklanan zorunluluğu ifade etmek için
have to / has to kalıbını kullanır.
They are teachers. They have to work on weekdays.
(Onlar öğretmen. Hafta içi çalışmak zorundalar.)
My brother has to travel a lot in his job.
(Erkek kardeşim işi için çok fazla seyahat etmek zorunda.)
We have to pay rent every month.
(Her ay kira ödemek zorundayız.)
I have to get a bus to school.
(Okula gitmek için otobüse binmeliyim.)
DON’T/DOESN’T HAVE TO
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
don’t have to
wear a tie at work.
doesn’t have to
wait.
DON’T/DOESN’T HAVE TO
•
Don’t/Doesn’t have to belli bir zorunluluğun ortadan kalktığı durumları
ifade eder.
We don’t have to hurry.
(Acele etmemize gerek yok.)
I don’t have to get up early on Sunday.
(Pazar günü erken kalkmak zorunda değilim.)
A university student doesn’t have to wear a uniform.
(Bir üniversite öğrencisi üniforma giymek zorunda değildir.)
She doesn’t have to pay her phone bills because her parents pay them.
(O, telefon faturalarını ödemek zorunda değil çünkü ailesi onları öder.)
DO/DOES HAVE TO
Do
Does
I
you
we
they
he
she
it
have to
go there?
Make the sentences with the correct form of ‘have to’.
Customer: Good morning. I’d like to buy a travel card. What do I have to do?
Assistant: ………………………….(you/ fill/ in an application form.)
Customer: ……………………………….(I/ give/you/a photograph)?
Assistant: …………………………………(no,you/not/give/me anything) except
the money!
Complete the sentences with the given words below using
‘have / has to’ or ‘don’t/doesn’t have to’
wear – work – study – get up – take – read – do – save
1- My sister can’t see well. She………… glasses.
2- In my opinion, the students in preparatory classes ……………. a test everyday.
3- His family is wealthy so he ……………………. money for anything.
4- Mr. Benz oftten has a lot of work to do. He …………….overtime in the evenings.
5- Tom ………………… a lot of books because he’s studying literature.
6- I ………………….. my homework tonight. I can watch TV.
7- I have an exam tomorrow so I …………….. hard tonight.
8- Tomorrow is Sunday! We ………………………. early.
Complete the sentences with mustn’t or the correct form of not have to
1. You ……….. smoke at petrol stations.
2. We ………… miss the train. It’s the last one tonight.
3. I …………… do this work tonight. I can do it tomorrow.
4. We …………. forget to lock all the doors before we go away.
5. They …………. sit in the sun for too long. They might get burnt.
6. We ……….. spend too much money tonight. We’ve got only a little left.
7. She …………….. stay in a hotel in London. She can stay with us.
8. You …………. clean the floor today. You cleaned it yesterday.
9. You ………….. stay here. It’s very dangerous.
10. He ………….. wait for us. We can take a taxi.
Complete the sentences using must or mustn’t
1. You ……….. say anything to anyone about this matter.
2. You ……….. take these pills everyday. They are necessary.
3. You ……….. never forget that.
4. In order to come into the house, you ……….. turn the key twice!
5. Cars ………… be parked in front of the restaurant.
6. Drivers ……….. give way to pedestrians.
7. You ……….. shout at your parents.
8. You …………. eat less food, otherwise you will put on weight.
9. You ………… chew gum in the class.
10. You ………… listen to your teacher carefully.
References
• http://www.frmtr.com/yabanci-dil/3187144must-mustnt-konu-anlatimi-ornekli.html
• http://www.ingilizcecin.com/doc/171/mustmustnt-konu-anlatimi-ornek-cumlelerslayt.html
• http://www.englishtube.net/

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