Juan peron - Mrs. Stratton`s IB 20th Century World History

Report
Amber Smith & Anu Olubode
Period: 3A
Critical Question
Quick Facts
 Born on October 8th, 1895 in
Lobos, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
 President of Argentina.
 Leader of the Peronist movement.
 “Peron reshaped the country,
bringing needed benefits to industrial
workers in the form of wage increases
and fringe benefits”(biography.com).
Argentine military officer and
politician.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlDWZoJd-LU
 Hipolito Yorigoyen
 The “Infamous Decade”
 World War II
 Coup d'etat against the Conservative President by the
GOU (United Officer's Group).
 The March to Casa Rosada
He
partook
in
military
coop in
May of
1946.
He
began
his
military
career
in 1915.
He
became
colonel
at the
end of
1941.
He
returned
to power
in 19731974
until his
death.
He was
elected
president
in May of
19461955.
He
became a
minister
of war.
He was
overthrown
in 1956.
increased employment
economic growth
international sovereignty
social justice
This picture refers to the
anniversary of a mass
mobilization demanding
Perón’s release from
military arrest in October
1945.
Peronism
or
Justicialism
Urban Workers
The military
Loyal Supporters
Earthquake in San Juan
Eva Duarte
“Discipline and a sense of spiritual unity”-
The idea that one single thought had to
dominate the entire group and that
disagreement should not be tolerated.
POLITICAL
•Justicialism
•Peron meets
demands of workers
by making laws that
benefit them
•.Law 13, 010
• Women gain the
right to vote
ECONOMIC
• Eva Peron Foundation
SOCIAL
• Second Five-Year Plan
• Five-Year Plan
• IAPI (The Argentine
Institute for the
Promotion of Trade).
• High tax revenues
•Free education
• Low-income housing
• Nationalized central
bank, telephones,
railroads, and other
parts of the economy.
• All industries had trade
unions.
EVA
The Third Way
Cuba
USSR
IMF
Economic independence a major goal
Peron
Hitler
•Hitler was an ideologue
•Peron’s ideology was his
that was a devoted
own; Peronism.
supporter of Nazism.
•Peron’s aims were to have social
Both
•Hitler’s main aims were to avenge
justice and economic growth. •The both started
the effects of WW1 and restore
off low rank in the
•Peron had three wives.
German pride.
military and they
•Peron was in power until he was
•Hitler only had one wife
rose.
overthrown and then was in power •Both were well liked by named Eva.
again until his death.
the people.
•Hitler was only in power
•Both created ideal
for 12 years.
•Cared about women and the
images for themselves..•Mastermind of fear and
working class.
terror.
BACK TO OUR RESEARCH
QUESTION WHICH IS…
PERON
HITLER
•On October
Peron inaugurated the
Women’s Division of
Work and Assistance.
3rd,1944,
•Perón’s plans for the Secretaría
de Trabajo y Previsión included
the groundwork for giving
women not only equal rights in
the workplace but also equal
civil rights.
•A Commission Pro Women’s
Suffrage.
•Created the Statute of
Feminine Work.
BOTH
•Believed women to be the
homemakers of society.
•Law for the Encouragement
of Marriage was passed.
They both
felt that
women had
to work.
•He granted suffrage to women in
1951 6 women senators and 24 women
deputies were elected.
• ”In protest against Hitler's
anti-feminist policies they joined
left-wing opposition groups”
(Nazi Germany - Role of
Women).
•“In October 1933 the first
concentration camp for females
was opened at Moringen,
Germany” (Nazi Germany - Role
of Women).
•'Duty Year'
• Argentina became a
haven for Nazi war
•Saw only one
criminals
type of people
in the country
•Argentina also
( in Argentina
accepted more
the working
Jewish immigrants
class)
(in Germany
the Aryan race)
•Jews as well as
every other
minority group in
in Germany who
were out of the
Aryan idea was
persecuted.
 “After his death, his body was injected with formaldehyde and interred at La
Chacarita Cemetery in Buenos Aires. In 1987, grave robbers opened up Peron's
coffin, cut off his hands and stole them, along with his sword and cap. The robbers
then sent a ransom letter asking for $8 million to return the hands. Once the
desecration was discovered, Peron's body was sealed behind a bulletproof plate and
12 heavy-duty locks. On October 17, 2006, Peron's body was moved to a
mausoleum at Peron's country home in San Vicente, just outside of Buenes Aires.
The grave robbers have never been found” (Rosenberg, Jennifer).

"IB History." Topic 3: The Rise and Rule of Single-party States -. N.p., 29 Apr. 2008. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.
<http://ibhistory.wikidot.com/13>.

Juan Perón Biography. © 2013 A+E Networks. All Rights Reserved., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.biography.com/people/juan-per%C3%B3n-9438004>.

"Nazi Germany - Role of Women." Nazi Germany. N.p., 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 02 Jan. 2013.
<http://www.historyonthenet.com/Nazi_Germany/women.htm>.

Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Did You Know? Juan Peron's Hands." About.com 20th Century History. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/b/2009/02/12/did-you-know-juan-peronshands.htm>.

Vázquez, Pablo A. "Evita and Women's Participation in Politics." Evita and Women's Participation in
Politics. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://www.evitaperon.org/evita_peron_instituto.htm>.

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