Amber Smith & Anu Olubode Period: 3A Critical Question Quick Facts Born on October 8th, 1895 in Lobos, Buenos Aires, Argentina. President of Argentina. Leader of the Peronist movement. “Peron reshaped the country, bringing needed benefits to industrial workers in the form of wage increases and fringe benefits”(biography.com). Argentine military officer and politician. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlDWZoJd-LU Hipolito Yorigoyen The “Infamous Decade” World War II Coup d'etat against the Conservative President by the GOU (United Officer's Group). The March to Casa Rosada He partook in military coop in May of 1946. He began his military career in 1915. He became colonel at the end of 1941. He returned to power in 19731974 until his death. He was elected president in May of 19461955. He became a minister of war. He was overthrown in 1956. increased employment economic growth international sovereignty social justice This picture refers to the anniversary of a mass mobilization demanding Perón’s release from military arrest in October 1945. Peronism or Justicialism Urban Workers The military Loyal Supporters Earthquake in San Juan Eva Duarte “Discipline and a sense of spiritual unity”- The idea that one single thought had to dominate the entire group and that disagreement should not be tolerated. POLITICAL •Justicialism •Peron meets demands of workers by making laws that benefit them •.Law 13, 010 • Women gain the right to vote ECONOMIC • Eva Peron Foundation SOCIAL • Second Five-Year Plan • Five-Year Plan • IAPI (The Argentine Institute for the Promotion of Trade). • High tax revenues •Free education • Low-income housing • Nationalized central bank, telephones, railroads, and other parts of the economy. • All industries had trade unions. EVA The Third Way Cuba USSR IMF Economic independence a major goal Peron Hitler •Hitler was an ideologue •Peron’s ideology was his that was a devoted own; Peronism. supporter of Nazism. •Peron’s aims were to have social Both •Hitler’s main aims were to avenge justice and economic growth. •The both started the effects of WW1 and restore off low rank in the •Peron had three wives. German pride. military and they •Peron was in power until he was •Hitler only had one wife rose. overthrown and then was in power •Both were well liked by named Eva. again until his death. the people. •Hitler was only in power •Both created ideal for 12 years. •Cared about women and the images for themselves..•Mastermind of fear and working class. terror. BACK TO OUR RESEARCH QUESTION WHICH IS… PERON HITLER •On October Peron inaugurated the Women’s Division of Work and Assistance. 3rd,1944, •Perón’s plans for the Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión included the groundwork for giving women not only equal rights in the workplace but also equal civil rights. •A Commission Pro Women’s Suffrage. •Created the Statute of Feminine Work. BOTH •Believed women to be the homemakers of society. •Law for the Encouragement of Marriage was passed. They both felt that women had to work. •He granted suffrage to women in 1951 6 women senators and 24 women deputies were elected. • ”In protest against Hitler's anti-feminist policies they joined left-wing opposition groups” (Nazi Germany - Role of Women). •“In October 1933 the first concentration camp for females was opened at Moringen, Germany” (Nazi Germany - Role of Women). •'Duty Year' • Argentina became a haven for Nazi war •Saw only one criminals type of people in the country •Argentina also ( in Argentina accepted more the working Jewish immigrants class) (in Germany the Aryan race) •Jews as well as every other minority group in in Germany who were out of the Aryan idea was persecuted. “After his death, his body was injected with formaldehyde and interred at La Chacarita Cemetery in Buenos Aires. In 1987, grave robbers opened up Peron's coffin, cut off his hands and stole them, along with his sword and cap. The robbers then sent a ransom letter asking for $8 million to return the hands. Once the desecration was discovered, Peron's body was sealed behind a bulletproof plate and 12 heavy-duty locks. On October 17, 2006, Peron's body was moved to a mausoleum at Peron's country home in San Vicente, just outside of Buenes Aires. The grave robbers have never been found” (Rosenberg, Jennifer). "IB History." Topic 3: The Rise and Rule of Single-party States -. N.p., 29 Apr. 2008. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://ibhistory.wikidot.com/13>. Juan Perón Biography. © 2013 A+E Networks. All Rights Reserved., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/juan-per%C3%B3n-9438004>. "Nazi Germany - Role of Women." Nazi Germany. N.p., 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://www.historyonthenet.com/Nazi_Germany/women.htm>. Rosenberg, Jennifer. "Did You Know? Juan Peron's Hands." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://history1900s.about.com/b/2009/02/12/did-you-know-juan-peronshands.htm>. Vázquez, Pablo A. "Evita and Women's Participation in Politics." Evita and Women's Participation in Politics. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://www.evitaperon.org/evita_peron_instituto.htm>.