The Respiratory System

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Respiratory System
By, Dana, Karlee, and Jacob
Table of Content
• Slide: 3; what is the role that your system plays in the body?
• Slide:4- 5;what are the major organs that make up your
system?
• Slide:6; how do these organs work together?
• Slide:7-8; how your system is connected to two other body
system?
• Slide:9; what are the levels of organization in humans?
• Slide:10-11; name two common disease or disorders that
directly affect your system?
• Slide:12-13; how can you maintain a health system?
• Slide:14-15; name two profession that work with your
system?
• Slide:16; did you know facts
• Slide:17-19; Reference
How Does Our System Play a Role In
Our Body
The respiratory system is a group of organs that
hold some of your vital organs like your lungs.
This system is home to the body’s air ways, and
lungs. The basic need for the respiratory system
is for it to supply oxygen to other parts of your
body and to keep you alive.
The Major Organs That Make Up Our
System
• Larynx
The larynx holds the vocal cords which allow us to speak and
make sound. Air passes through the larynx every time you exhale.
The Larynx is made up of cartilage and tissue, held together with
elastic tissue.
• Trachea (Windpipe)
The windpipe starts right behind the Larynx; it runs down the
front of the neck and ends above the sternum. The trachea is made
of soft muscle, elastic tissue, and about twenty rings of tissue. Your
windpipe is made to be flexible so your head and neck can move
and still have the air flow.
• Alveolus
The alveoli are small balloon like structures called alveoli.
When you inhale the alveoli balloons expand, when you exhale they
return into small balloons.
• Bronchus
The bronchus is the two main branches of the trachea,
going down directly to the lungs.
• Bronchioles
The bronchioles are small branches of tubes that
branch to the alveoli. The branches are used as air ducts for
the alveoli.
• Lungs
The lungs are a large organ in our body that is used to
exchange gasses from our blood and the air. The lungs are
an important organ in your body and are also used to
eliminate carbon dioxide before it gets to dangerous levels.
• Diaphragm
The diaphragm is in because it is attached to the ribs,
sternum, and spine. This organ is shaped in a dome shaped
sheet of muscle; it also separates the chest from the
abdomen. When we breathe the diaphragm deflates till its
flat then the ribs pull it back up.
How Do These Organs Work Together
• How the Organs Work together
•
The work of the respiratory system starts at the nasal
cavity (nose), and the oral cavity (mouth). There the oxygen
is taken in and sent down the pharynx, also known as the
throat. The pharynx is a large tube connecting the nasal
cavity and the esophagus (a tube carrying liquids and food
to the stomach) and the larynx (the voice box). The trachea
makes a clear airway to the lungs. The trachea divides in
the bronchi, which send the air to the lungs. The lungs send
oxygen t the heart and hold the alveoli. The oxygen is
inhaled and exhaled to the bloodstream through the thin
walls of the alveolus. The diaphragm supports the organs of
the respiratory system.
Our system is connected with
• Nervous system
The nervous system is connected with the
respiratory system because the nerves send
the shocks from the brain to the lungs telling
them to take in oxygen and to “breathe out”
carbon dioxide.
• Circulatory system
The respiratory system breathes in oxygen,
which goes in through the trachea and into
the lungs. From there the oxygen goes to the
heart (which is a part of the circulatory
system) where it is distributed to the rest of
the body. That is how to respiratory system is
connected to the circulatory system.
Levels of organization
Organism
• the respiratory system is made
Organ system
of many organs, and one of
them is the lungs. The lungs
Organs
are made up of many tissue
one is the epithelial tissue.
Tissue
The simple ethilum cells
make up the tissue.
Cell
Two diseases that is affect your
System
Asthma
Asthma is a disease that causes difficulty in
breathing because of inflammation of the
bronchi and the bronchioles. It restricts the
flow of air to the alveoli. It is a disease that
you are born with or is acquired after a severe
exposure to triggers. It can be easily triggered
by tobacco smoke, air pollution, etc.
Bronchitis is the
inflammation and the swelling
of your air passages,
also known as the bronchi.
The disease is caused by bacteria
and viruses that irritate the lungs. The bronchus connects
the wind pipe (also known as the trachea) and the tiny air
sacs in your lungs (also known as the alveoli). When you
get bronchitis, the walls of your bronchi get red and
swallowed, and they produce extra mucus. The airflow is
partially blocked from your lungs because of your bronchi
being so swollen exercise, factory fumes, etc.
How to maintain a healthy
system
• Exercise
Exercise can improve your
breathing because when you
exercise, you start to
breathe more heavily and more
evenly.
• Indoor plants
Indoor plants give you cleaner, more pure air
by constantly taking in carbon dioxide and
giving out oxygen.
How to Maintain a
Healthy System
• Water
• Water thins out your mucus secretions to help
you breathe easier. It is recommended to
drink 6.3 cups of water per day.
• Practice good hygiene
• Washing your hands, brushing your teeth and
getting vaccinated all decrease the chance of
germs traveling to your lungs.
Two professions that work with our
system
• Respiratory Therapist
Respiratory therapy is the medical health care that
specializes in helping people maintain a healthy and
functioning respiratory system. Respiratory therapists
use science to identify, treat, and prevent diseases or
malfunctions of the respiratory system. Critical
thinking, patient/environment assessment skills, and
evidence-based clinical practice guidelines make it
easier for respiratory therapists to make guidelines and
protocols for their patients. The respiratory therapist
work at a hospital.
• Pulmonologists
Pulmonologists are physicians that
specialize in the lungs diseases of
malfunctions. This profession takes a very
detailed education. Pulmonology is an internal
medicine specialty. The pulmonologist usually
work at a hospital.
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5 fun facts
The right lung is bigger than the left lungs.
surface area of your lungs are about the size of a
tennis court.
An average person takes 13 breath every minute.
Do you find that you yawn a lot? This is when you
take a large breath and your body dose not need it.
A human sneeze is 120 miles per hour (speeds)
References
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Introduction to the human respiratory system
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Slideshare
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Epithelial cell
http://www.bio.davidson.edu/people/kabernd/berndcv/lab/epithelialinfoweb/simple%20squamous%20epithelium.html
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Center of the cell
http://www.centreofthecell.org/centre/index.php?page_id=26&ks=4
epithelial tissues
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Fascinating lungs
http://blog.tauedu.org/fascinating-lungs/#axzz2l6FK1D00
12 amazing facts you didn’t know about your body
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MNT
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12 amazing facts you didn’t know about your body
http://www.bcliving.ca/health/12-amazing-facts-you-didnt-know-about-your-body
healthy breathing for daily living/ NYC strural integration
http://minkikimsi.com/healthy_breathing/
is yawning contagious? Siowfals: science in our worlds: certainty and contrersy
http://www.personal.psu.edu/afr3/blogs/siowfa12/2012/09/is-yawning-contagious.html
what a sneeze says about a person personally/gosouthonline
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Heath How/ Respiratory system
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Alveoli of the lungs
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The definition of the bronchus
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Inner Body
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Wikmedia commons
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Buzzle
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