GON2013 - Cornerstone Academy

Report
Grammar “One Night”
Cornerstone Academy
September 26th, 2013
“
We are not teaching Math,
we are teaching thinking
through the medium
of Math.
Dr. Yeap Ban Har, Singapore Ministry of Education
”
To assist you, parents, in providing an excellent math education we
have chosen the Singapore Math method and curriculum.
Important components for success
• Understand Numbers
• Model Drawing
• Mental Math
Future Benefits
•
•
Distributive Properties – Algebra, Calculus
Standardize Testing –
IOWA Test of Basic Skills,
SAT, ACT
• Understand the WHYs of Math, not just the HOWs of
getting an answer
®
ITBS
Understand Numbers
• What to do all these numbers mean?
• Place value - students need to learn the names of
the places and their values
• Use: Place Value Strips
• Expanded notation/form
• Standard notation/form
Place Value Chart
Hundred
Ten
thousands thousands Thousands Hundreds
Tens
Ones
Number Bonds
Number Bonds
Model Drawing
•
•
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Read problem.
Determine the variables: who and what.
Draw unit bar or bars.
Chunk information by rereading the problem one
sentence at a time, and adjust the unit bar or bars to
match the information.
• Place the question mark.
• Do the computation.
• Write a complete and grammatically correct sentence.
Mental Math
•
Teach the strategies in the curriculum -
They will help your
student and YOU.
• “the FACTS, please, just the FACTS”
• Practice , practice , practice
• Flashcards:
addition, subtraction,
multiplication, division
(inexpensive at Dollar Tree, Target or homemade)
Encourage your kids to . . .
• Play with:
• Their food – count their carrots, group their cookies or
grapes
• Chips, counters and cubes
• Cards - practice addition and multiplication facts
• Draw it out . . . All 7 steps for word problems
• Show their work . . . It is the window to their
thoughts
Extra Resources
• www.thinkingblocks.com – word problem,
model drawing site
Mr. Martini‘s Classroom
• www.thegreatmartinicompany.com - flash cards
• www.dadsworksheets.com – variety of worksheets
They said it better than I could
• A PDF from consultant Cassandra Turner’s presentation to Aspen View
Academy
aspenviewacademy.org/site/images/aboutUs/community/aboutSingaporeMath0312
13.pdf
• A letter to parents at Martin Elementary School, Martin, TN
http://www.mes.weakleyschools.com/Singapore%20Math%20pages/L1211_parent_letter.pdf
• An article on CNN’s Schools of Thought Blog
http://schoolsofthought.blogs.cnn.com/2012/10/10/my-view-americas-studentscan-benefit-from-singapore-math/
Topics
•
•
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Introduction to Curriculum
Jingles
Question/Answer Flow
Patterns 1-5
References
Assessments
Introduction to Curriculum
• Sequentially oriented curriculum
• Use of rhythm, repetition, and student/teacher
interaction
• Promotion of independent work with increased
ability to assimilate new information rapidly
• Progressive building blocks
Jingles
• Definitions for parts of speech in jingle form
• Sung or chanted to remember important grammar
concepts
• Use of rhythm, rhyme, and movement to retain new
and old information
Example
Question and Answer Flow
• Systematic approach in asking questions to determine
role of each word in sentence analyzed
• Oral classroom activity
• Definite pattern that makes perfect sense in
determining part of speech
Patterns
• Basic structure of a sentence with specific core parts
• 5 patterns introduced in Grammar School
• First Grade: Pattern 1
• Second Grade: Patterns 1-2
• Third Grade: Patterns 1-3
• Fourth Grade: Patterns 1-4
• Fifth Grade: Patterns 1-5
Extras
• Skills apply to all patterns:
•
•
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Sentence types
Prepositional phrases
Conjunctions/Article adjectives
Helping verbs
Compounds
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Natural/inverted sentences
Adverb exceptions
Complete subjects/predicates
Possessive noun adjectives
Possessive pronoun adjectives
Pattern 1
SN V
P1
• A Pattern 1 sentence has only two main parts as its core
• Subject noun (SN)
• Verb (V)
SN V
P1
A
ADV
ADJ SN
V
ADV
The extremely hot fire/ burned amazingly
A ADJ
OP
P
A
OP
the dry forest ) (during the night).
D
ADV
P
fast ( through
SN V-t
DO P2
Pattern 2
• Pattern 2 Core:
• Subject noun, verb-transitive (V-t), and direct object (DO)
• Two nouns in core: subject noun and direct object
SN V-t
DO P2
ADV
PPA SN
V -t
A DO
P
ADJ
OP
Yesterday, my aunt /found a recipe ( for peach preserves )
P A
( on
OP
the Internet). D
SN V-t_
IO DO P3
Pattern 3
• Pattern 3 Core:
• Subject noun, verb-transitive, indirect object (IO), direct
object
• Three nouns in core: subject noun, indirect object, direct
object
SN V-t_
IO DO P3
PPA
SN
V -t IO A
ADJ
DO
P PPA
My grandmother/ made me a delicious cake (on my
OP
birthday) !
E
SN LV
PrN P4
Pattern 4
• Pattern 4 Core:
• Subject noun, linking verb (LV), and predicate noun (PrN)
• Two noun jobs in core: subject noun and predicate noun
SN LV
PrN P4
PPA SN LV A
ADJ
My uncle/ is a steamboat
PrN
P A
OP
captain (on the Mississippi River).
D
SN LV
PA P5
Pattern 5
• Pattern 5 Core:
• Subject noun, linking verb, predicate adjective (PA)
• One noun job and one adjective job in core
SN LV
PA P5
PPA
PNA
ADJ
SN
LV
PA
P
A
My mother’s antique china / was chipped ( during the
OP
P PPA OP
move)(to our house ).
D
References
• Develop mechanics and usage skills in grammar
• Break down thought processes for understanding
through rules, examples, and practice
• Reinforced in verbal and written practice
Example
Practice and Assessments
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Lesson Practice Sentences
Classroom Practices
Chapter Check-Ups
Chapter Tests
Grammar Latin
Scope & Sequence of Grammar
Latin (leading to First Form)
• Prima Latina (3rd Grade) – Practical Latin,
Prayers/Songs, Grammar, Vocabulary
• Latina Christiana 1 (Incoming Grammar
Latin Students; 4th Grade 2014.15) - Latin
Sayings, Prayers/Songs, Grammar Forms
(Conjugations 1 and 2, Declension 1, 2,
and begin 3rd), Vocabulary, History,
Derivatives, Latin Sentence Structure
Scope & Sequence of Grammar
Latin (continued)
• Latina Christiana 2a (4th and 5th Grade 2013.14)
Lessons 1 - 13 - Latin Sayings, Prayers/Songs,
Grammar Forms (Conjugations 1 and 2,
Declension 1, 2, and 3rd), Vocabulary, History,
Derivatives, Latin Sentence Structure
• Latina Christiana 2b Lessons 14 – 25 (5th Grade
2013.14)- Latin Sayings, Prayers/Songs, Grammar
Forms (Conjugations 1 and 2, Declension 1, 2, 3,
4 and 5), Vocabulary, History, Derivatives, Latin
Sentence Structure
Please Note:
Memoria Press’ Latin Curriculum changed in recent
years. Cornerstone Academy Latin Department
researched and concluded: Prima Latina in 3rd Grade
and Latina Christiana 1 in 4th and 5th grades
(including Latin and Greek Roots as well as a
comprehensive Latin History program.) First Form
would begin in 6th Grade.
Quizzes
• Almost weekly and
include:
• English to Latin
• Latin to English
• Grammar forms
• Latin Sayings
• Oral assessments on
prayers, songs, and
miscellaneous recitations
occur with unit reviews
Review- Test
• Send home for homeschool days as homework for parents to
assess their child’s comprehension and success
• This will be counted as a homework grade NOT a
cumulative test.
How parents can help at home:
• Flash cards: English to Latin; Latin to English
• Write and review Latin sayings, grammar forms, and
vocabulary in composition book
• Practice spelling Latin and English
• Derivatives Detectives (enrichment)
• Order the Teacher Book at www.MemoriaPress.com
• Borrow DVDs from the Parent Resource Center
•
Thank you for coming!

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