Grammar “One Night” Cornerstone Academy September 26th, 2013 “ We are not teaching Math, we are teaching thinking through the medium of Math. Dr. Yeap Ban Har, Singapore Ministry of Education ” To assist you, parents, in providing an excellent math education we have chosen the Singapore Math method and curriculum. Important components for success • Understand Numbers • Model Drawing • Mental Math Future Benefits • • Distributive Properties – Algebra, Calculus Standardize Testing – IOWA Test of Basic Skills, SAT, ACT • Understand the WHYs of Math, not just the HOWs of getting an answer ® ITBS Understand Numbers • What to do all these numbers mean? • Place value - students need to learn the names of the places and their values • Use: Place Value Strips • Expanded notation/form • Standard notation/form Place Value Chart Hundred Ten thousands thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones Number Bonds Number Bonds Model Drawing • • • • Read problem. Determine the variables: who and what. Draw unit bar or bars. Chunk information by rereading the problem one sentence at a time, and adjust the unit bar or bars to match the information. • Place the question mark. • Do the computation. • Write a complete and grammatically correct sentence. Mental Math • Teach the strategies in the curriculum - They will help your student and YOU. • “the FACTS, please, just the FACTS” • Practice , practice , practice • Flashcards: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division (inexpensive at Dollar Tree, Target or homemade) Encourage your kids to . . . • Play with: • Their food – count their carrots, group their cookies or grapes • Chips, counters and cubes • Cards - practice addition and multiplication facts • Draw it out . . . All 7 steps for word problems • Show their work . . . It is the window to their thoughts Extra Resources • www.thinkingblocks.com – word problem, model drawing site Mr. Martini‘s Classroom • www.thegreatmartinicompany.com - flash cards • www.dadsworksheets.com – variety of worksheets They said it better than I could • A PDF from consultant Cassandra Turner’s presentation to Aspen View Academy aspenviewacademy.org/site/images/aboutUs/community/aboutSingaporeMath0312 13.pdf • A letter to parents at Martin Elementary School, Martin, TN http://www.mes.weakleyschools.com/Singapore%20Math%20pages/L1211_parent_letter.pdf • An article on CNN’s Schools of Thought Blog http://schoolsofthought.blogs.cnn.com/2012/10/10/my-view-americas-studentscan-benefit-from-singapore-math/ Topics • • • • • • Introduction to Curriculum Jingles Question/Answer Flow Patterns 1-5 References Assessments Introduction to Curriculum • Sequentially oriented curriculum • Use of rhythm, repetition, and student/teacher interaction • Promotion of independent work with increased ability to assimilate new information rapidly • Progressive building blocks Jingles • Definitions for parts of speech in jingle form • Sung or chanted to remember important grammar concepts • Use of rhythm, rhyme, and movement to retain new and old information Example Question and Answer Flow • Systematic approach in asking questions to determine role of each word in sentence analyzed • Oral classroom activity • Definite pattern that makes perfect sense in determining part of speech Patterns • Basic structure of a sentence with specific core parts • 5 patterns introduced in Grammar School • First Grade: Pattern 1 • Second Grade: Patterns 1-2 • Third Grade: Patterns 1-3 • Fourth Grade: Patterns 1-4 • Fifth Grade: Patterns 1-5 Extras • Skills apply to all patterns: • • • • • Sentence types Prepositional phrases Conjunctions/Article adjectives Helping verbs Compounds • • • • • Natural/inverted sentences Adverb exceptions Complete subjects/predicates Possessive noun adjectives Possessive pronoun adjectives Pattern 1 SN V P1 • A Pattern 1 sentence has only two main parts as its core • Subject noun (SN) • Verb (V) SN V P1 A ADV ADJ SN V ADV The extremely hot fire/ burned amazingly A ADJ OP P A OP the dry forest ) (during the night). D ADV P fast ( through SN V-t DO P2 Pattern 2 • Pattern 2 Core: • Subject noun, verb-transitive (V-t), and direct object (DO) • Two nouns in core: subject noun and direct object SN V-t DO P2 ADV PPA SN V -t A DO P ADJ OP Yesterday, my aunt /found a recipe ( for peach preserves ) P A ( on OP the Internet). D SN V-t_ IO DO P3 Pattern 3 • Pattern 3 Core: • Subject noun, verb-transitive, indirect object (IO), direct object • Three nouns in core: subject noun, indirect object, direct object SN V-t_ IO DO P3 PPA SN V -t IO A ADJ DO P PPA My grandmother/ made me a delicious cake (on my OP birthday) ! E SN LV PrN P4 Pattern 4 • Pattern 4 Core: • Subject noun, linking verb (LV), and predicate noun (PrN) • Two noun jobs in core: subject noun and predicate noun SN LV PrN P4 PPA SN LV A ADJ My uncle/ is a steamboat PrN P A OP captain (on the Mississippi River). D SN LV PA P5 Pattern 5 • Pattern 5 Core: • Subject noun, linking verb, predicate adjective (PA) • One noun job and one adjective job in core SN LV PA P5 PPA PNA ADJ SN LV PA P A My mother’s antique china / was chipped ( during the OP P PPA OP move)(to our house ). D References • Develop mechanics and usage skills in grammar • Break down thought processes for understanding through rules, examples, and practice • Reinforced in verbal and written practice Example Practice and Assessments • • • • Lesson Practice Sentences Classroom Practices Chapter Check-Ups Chapter Tests Grammar Latin Scope & Sequence of Grammar Latin (leading to First Form) • Prima Latina (3rd Grade) – Practical Latin, Prayers/Songs, Grammar, Vocabulary • Latina Christiana 1 (Incoming Grammar Latin Students; 4th Grade 2014.15) - Latin Sayings, Prayers/Songs, Grammar Forms (Conjugations 1 and 2, Declension 1, 2, and begin 3rd), Vocabulary, History, Derivatives, Latin Sentence Structure Scope & Sequence of Grammar Latin (continued) • Latina Christiana 2a (4th and 5th Grade 2013.14) Lessons 1 - 13 - Latin Sayings, Prayers/Songs, Grammar Forms (Conjugations 1 and 2, Declension 1, 2, and 3rd), Vocabulary, History, Derivatives, Latin Sentence Structure • Latina Christiana 2b Lessons 14 – 25 (5th Grade 2013.14)- Latin Sayings, Prayers/Songs, Grammar Forms (Conjugations 1 and 2, Declension 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5), Vocabulary, History, Derivatives, Latin Sentence Structure Please Note: Memoria Press’ Latin Curriculum changed in recent years. Cornerstone Academy Latin Department researched and concluded: Prima Latina in 3rd Grade and Latina Christiana 1 in 4th and 5th grades (including Latin and Greek Roots as well as a comprehensive Latin History program.) First Form would begin in 6th Grade. Quizzes • Almost weekly and include: • English to Latin • Latin to English • Grammar forms • Latin Sayings • Oral assessments on prayers, songs, and miscellaneous recitations occur with unit reviews Review- Test • Send home for homeschool days as homework for parents to assess their child’s comprehension and success • This will be counted as a homework grade NOT a cumulative test. How parents can help at home: • Flash cards: English to Latin; Latin to English • Write and review Latin sayings, grammar forms, and vocabulary in composition book • Practice spelling Latin and English • Derivatives Detectives (enrichment) • Order the Teacher Book at www.MemoriaPress.com • Borrow DVDs from the Parent Resource Center • Thank you for coming!