Exploring Ancient Egyptian Tombs! A Virtual Field Trip to Egypt Where Are We Going? What Do You Notice About These Pictures Similarities, Differences? Before We Start! 1. Read this slide COMPLETELY! 2. Minimize this PowerPoint so you can see the desktop 3. Find the GoogleEarth Icon – It looks like that 4. Double Click to Open it 5. Come back to the PowerPoint Early Tombs • The earliest Egyptian tombs were nothing more than small pits dug in the desert Early Tombs: Pit • When someone died, they were taken out and buried in the desert Early Tombs: Pit • Later on though, as religion grew, the people began to be buried with food and some of their possessions. – Why were they buried with food and possessions? Early Tombs: Mastabas • Eventually though, the Egyptians began to create more elaborate tombs called Mastabas The Burial Chambers are the white boxes with blue tops Early Tombs: Mastabas • At first the pharaohs used the Mastabas’s, but later they became used by nobles Early Tombs: Mastabas • Go to Google Earth, and in the search bar, copy and paste, or type this: – 29.979175, 31.134358 • You will be flown to the Great Pyramids Complex • To the West and the East of the Great Pyramids you will be able to see pictures of the Mastabas and the actual Mastabas themselves Pyramids • As time went on, the use of Mastabas gave way to the Pyramids. • The first pyramids were step pyramids Step Pyramid: Djsoer • The step pyramid of Djsoer is the best example of this. • It is the first large scale stone project and was built over 19 years • It is 203ft tall and 411ft x 358 ft Step Pyramid: Djsoer • You will now join Dr. Zahi Hawass, the lead archeologist in charge of Egyptian antiquity as you explore the Step Pyramid of Djsoer Step Pyramid: Djsoer • Go back to Google Earth, and search for these coordinates: – 29.871267, 31.216394 • You will be flown to the Pyramid of Djsoer Complex • What do you notice that is different compared to the Mastabas? Similar? • Make sure you click the different pictures to see different angles Pyramids • Eventually, the Egyptians began to build even larger and more grand Pyramids. • The most famous are the 3 “Great Pyramids of Giza” The Great Pyramids • Made up of three pyramids – Khufu – Khafre – Menkaure • This is also where the Sphinx is located The Great Pyramids • Go back to Google Earth, and search for these coordinates: – 29.976111, 31.132778 • You will be flown to the Great Pyramids Complex • What do you notice about how the Pyramids are aligned? • What about the similarities and differences between the Great Pyramids and the Step Pyramid Virtual Tour of the Pyramids • Minimize the PowerPoint after clicking on the following link. – You will be redirected to a virtual tour of the pyramids very similar to the virtual tour of the Roman Villa we did as a class – ENJOY! – http://www.3dmekanlar.com/en/the-pyramids.html Game Time! • Now that you know a little bit more about the Pyramids, and using the knowledge from our earlier classes, you are tasked with building the a Pyramid for the Pharaoh. – Follow the link below and good luck • Wouldn’t want the pharaoh to have you executed • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/lau nch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtml The Valley of the Kings • Eventually, due to tomb robbers, the Egyptians began to bury there dead in secret • They began to bury them in a place called the “Valley of the Kings” – Located on the West Bank of the Nile near Luxor Valley of the Kings • Return to Google Earth and search using the following coordinates: – 25.740833, 32.602222 • You will be flown immediately to the Valley of the Kings • Use the navigation arrows to show the view as if you were looking down from the mountain top: – Based on the geography, why do you think the Egyptians buried their dead here? King Tut • One of the most famous tombs discovered in the Valley of the Kings is that of King Tut • It was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter • Discovered when no one thought there were not any more undiscovered tombs King Tut’s Burial Mask King Tut’s Tomb • When Carter opened up the tomb and stuck a candle into the tomb, he was blinded by the brightness • The tomb had never been touched • It was filled from floor to ceiling with Tut’s possessions, many of them made from solid gold! Furniture in the Ante Chamber Two of King Tut’s Golden Thrones King Tut’s Golden Couch King Tut • Go to Google Earth, and search the following coordinates – 25.740361, 32.601444 • Obviously King Tut’s tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings, but where at? King Tut’s Tomb • Now, to experience what it must have been like to discover King Tut’s tomb, you will take a very brief tour of the tomb. • Minimize the PowerPoint and go to the link below and enjoy! – http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/enter/ Game Time!! • To further understand the death rituals in Ancient Egypt, you are going to put what we have learned about mummies to use. • Go to the following link and prepare Pharaoh Ramose for burial – http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/l aunch_gms_mummy_maker.shtml Ramses II (Ramses the Great) • Ramses II is considered the most famous and powerful of all the New Kingdom pharaohs • He built huge temples and statues to honor himself, so it is no surprise that his tomb is considered one of the grandest Entrance to Ramses II Tomb Wall Art in the Tomb: Horus and Osiris Staircase leading to Burial Chamber Sons of Ramses Tomb • Ramses II was estimated to have over 50 sons. • It is believed that at one time many of them were buried in this tomb before it was robbed • It is the largest known tomb in the Valley of the Kings and is still being cleared today Tomb Entrance Sons of Ramses Tomb • As you can see it is very large. • Because only 7% of the tomb is cleared, it is not open to the public.