Egypt Virtual Field Trip

Report
Exploring Ancient Egyptian
Tombs!
A Virtual Field Trip to Egypt
Where Are We Going?
What Do You Notice About These
Pictures
Similarities, Differences?
Before We Start!
1. Read this slide COMPLETELY!
2. Minimize this PowerPoint so
you can see the desktop
3. Find the GoogleEarth Icon
– It looks like that
4. Double Click to Open it
5. Come back to the
PowerPoint
Early Tombs
• The earliest Egyptian
tombs were nothing
more than small pits
dug in the desert
Early Tombs: Pit
• When someone
died, they were
taken out and
buried in the
desert
Early Tombs: Pit
• Later on though, as
religion grew, the
people began to be
buried with food
and some of their
possessions.
– Why were they
buried with food
and possessions?
Early Tombs: Mastabas
• Eventually
though, the
Egyptians
began to create
more elaborate
tombs called
Mastabas
The Burial Chambers are the white
boxes with blue tops
Early Tombs: Mastabas
• At first the
pharaohs used
the Mastabas’s,
but later they
became used by
nobles
Early Tombs: Mastabas
• Go to Google Earth, and in the search bar,
copy and paste, or type this:
– 29.979175, 31.134358
• You will be flown to the Great Pyramids
Complex
• To the West and the East of the Great
Pyramids you will be able to see pictures of
the Mastabas and the actual Mastabas
themselves
Pyramids
• As time went on,
the use of
Mastabas gave
way to the
Pyramids.
• The first
pyramids were
step pyramids
Step Pyramid: Djsoer
• The step pyramid of
Djsoer is the best
example of this.
• It is the first large scale
stone project and was
built over 19 years
• It is 203ft tall and 411ft
x 358 ft
Step Pyramid: Djsoer
• You will now join
Dr. Zahi Hawass,
the lead
archeologist in
charge of Egyptian
antiquity as you
explore the Step
Pyramid of Djsoer
Step Pyramid: Djsoer
• Go back to Google Earth, and search for these
coordinates:
– 29.871267, 31.216394
• You will be flown to the Pyramid of Djsoer
Complex
• What do you notice that is different compared
to the Mastabas? Similar?
• Make sure you click the different pictures to
see different angles
Pyramids
• Eventually, the
Egyptians began to
build even larger
and more grand
Pyramids.
• The most famous
are the 3 “Great
Pyramids of Giza”
The Great Pyramids
• Made up of three
pyramids
– Khufu
– Khafre
– Menkaure
• This is also where the
Sphinx is located
The Great Pyramids
• Go back to Google Earth, and search for these
coordinates:
– 29.976111, 31.132778
• You will be flown to the Great Pyramids Complex
• What do you notice about how the Pyramids are
aligned?
• What about the similarities and differences
between the Great Pyramids and the Step
Pyramid
Virtual Tour of the Pyramids
• Minimize the PowerPoint after clicking on the
following link.
– You will be redirected to a virtual tour of the
pyramids very similar to the virtual tour of the
Roman Villa we did as a class
– ENJOY!
– http://www.3dmekanlar.com/en/the-pyramids.html
Game Time!
• Now that you know a little bit more about the
Pyramids, and using the knowledge from our
earlier classes, you are tasked with building
the a Pyramid for the Pharaoh.
– Follow the link below and good luck
• Wouldn’t want the pharaoh to have you executed
• http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/lau
nch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtml
The Valley of the Kings
• Eventually, due to tomb
robbers, the Egyptians
began to bury there
dead in secret
• They began to bury
them in a place called
the “Valley of the Kings”
– Located on the West
Bank of the Nile near
Luxor
Valley of the Kings
• Return to Google Earth and search using the
following coordinates:
– 25.740833, 32.602222
• You will be flown immediately to the Valley of the
Kings
• Use the navigation arrows to show the view as if
you were looking down from the mountain top:
– Based on the geography, why do you think the
Egyptians buried their dead here?
King Tut
• One of the most
famous tombs
discovered in the Valley
of the Kings is that of
King Tut
• It was discovered in
1922 by Howard Carter
• Discovered when no
one thought there
were not any more
undiscovered tombs
King Tut’s Burial Mask
King Tut’s Tomb
• When Carter opened up the tomb and stuck a
candle into the tomb, he was blinded by the
brightness
• The tomb had never been touched
• It was filled from floor to ceiling with Tut’s
possessions, many of them made from solid
gold!
Furniture in the Ante Chamber
Two of King Tut’s Golden Thrones
King Tut’s Golden Couch
King Tut
• Go to Google Earth, and search the following
coordinates
– 25.740361, 32.601444
• Obviously King Tut’s tomb is located in the
Valley of the Kings, but where at?
King Tut’s Tomb
• Now, to experience what it must have been
like to discover King Tut’s tomb, you will take a
very brief tour of the tomb.
• Minimize the PowerPoint and go to the link
below and enjoy!
– http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/enter/
Game Time!!
• To further understand the death rituals in
Ancient Egypt, you are going to put what we
have learned about mummies to use.
• Go to the following link and prepare Pharaoh
Ramose for burial
– http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/l
aunch_gms_mummy_maker.shtml
Ramses II (Ramses the Great)
• Ramses II is considered
the most famous and
powerful of all the
New Kingdom
pharaohs
• He built huge temples
and statues to honor
himself, so it is no
surprise that his tomb
is considered one of
the grandest
Entrance to Ramses II Tomb
Wall Art in the Tomb: Horus and Osiris
Staircase leading to Burial Chamber
Sons of Ramses Tomb
• Ramses II was estimated
to have over 50 sons.
• It is believed that at one
time many of them were
buried in this tomb
before it was robbed
• It is the largest known
tomb in the Valley of the
Kings and is still being
cleared today
Tomb Entrance
Sons of Ramses Tomb
• As you can see it is very
large.
• Because only 7% of the
tomb is cleared, it is not
open to the public.

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