ST FINBARR’S PARENT INFORMATION NIGHT OCTOBER, 2013 Dr John Hattie’s Research Who is John Hattie? • Professor and Director of the Melbourne Educational Research Institute • Carried out the world’s largest evidence-based study to find out what are the factors that really make a difference to learning • Collected, compared and analysed the findings of more than 50,000 studies in education • His study has involved over a quarter -billion students • Internationally acclaimed – his work is considered as the most important contribution to educational research and practice in decades. What Are The Things That Really Impact Learning? • Hattie’s research has identified: - which factors have the greatest influence on learning achievement - which have little or no impact - which factors have a negative impact Effect Size • Effect Size is a common scale that allows various influences on learning to be measured and compared. • The average effect size is 0.4. • 0.4 is close to the average effect that we can expect from a year’s schooling. Hattie uses a ‘barometer of influence’ to the show the impact of various factors on learning What Were The Results of Hattie’s Research? • What things had an effect size of 0.4? • What things had an effect size greater than 0.4? • Which factors had an effect size less than 0.4? Factors and Their Impact on Learning • What do you think has the greatest effect on learning? • What do you think has the least effect? • Homework • Peer Tutoring • Providing Formative Feedback • Retention (Repeating a grade) • Reducing Anxiety • Students Expectations- Belief in themselves • Teacher-Student Relationship Some of the Results Influence Effect Size Self-reported Grades- Student Expectations 1.44 Providing Formative Feedback 0.90 Teacher-Student Relationship 0.72 Peer Tutoring 0.55 Reducing Anxiety 0.4 Homework 0.29 Retention (Repeating a grade) -0.13 What About…. Composite Classes and Straight Classes? • What impact does class structure have on learning? • What was the effect size of being in a composite class compared to a straight yearlevel class? So what did Hattie find? Effect Size: 0.04 So what did Hattie find? • Hattie analysed 94 different studies that had investigated the effect class structure had on learning. • He found class structure had little to no impact on learning. • His meta-analysis indicates that structural concerns such as class composition, class size, finances and environments are not the elements of schooling that have significant effects on learning achievement What is it then that has the most significant impact on achievement? • Hattie lists and rates 150 influences on student achievement • Teachers are among the most powerful influences and their task is to make learning visible, both to the teacher and to the student • “The remarkable feature of the evidence is that the greatest effects on student learning occur when teachers become learners of their own teaching and when students become their own teachers (selfmonitoring, self-evaluation, self-assessment, selfteaching)” • (Hattie, J, 2012, Visible Learning for Teachers, Maximising Impact on Learning, Routledge, 2012, p17-18) What are the winners?