text structure review

Report
Learning Objective:
Identify
text structures in
expository texts
Reading comprehension standard 2.1
What are we Identifying
today?
Text Structures in Expository
text.
The Importance of knowing text
structures
Good readers use a variety of strategies to
help them comprehend.
Expository Text
Expository: give information
Share with your partner the last text that you read
that gave you information?
Cause and
Effect
Compare and
Contrast
Sequence
Proposition and
Support (main idea
and supporting
details)
tell the result of
an event or
occurrence and
the reasons it
happened.
Compares and
contrast
information
is a passage that
show the order
in which events
happen.
states a plan or an
idea (proposition)
followed by
information to
prove that the plan
or idea is right or
good (and that is
the support).
Example: Parts of a
plant
Ex: Cause: There
was a bad storm
Effect: The
electricity went out
Consequently,
therefore, as a result,
thereby, leads to,
because, so, reason
Ex: How animals
interact with
humans
On the other hand, in
contrast, in
comparison, both,
like, different, similar,
in the same way
Ex: Biography of a
person’s life.
Or
Explains how to do
something
Ex: How to break a
code
Time Order: First,
Then, Next, Finally,
Yesterday, Today
Time Order
Expression: After
that, later on , In the
Morning
For example, in
addition, also.
Furthermore, for
instance, most
important, after, near,
to begin with
How do we identify text structures?
Step 1: Read the
Expository text
Make
poster
Step 2: Identify
signal/clue words
Step 3: Ask yourself does the text
compare and contrast, sequence,
proposition and support, cause
and effect
How do we identify text structures?
Step 1: Read the Expository text
Step 2: Identify signal/clue words
Step 3: Ask yourself does the text compare
and contrast, sequence, proposition and
support, cause and effect
Passage
Different types of clouds have
their own appearance. For
example, some are wispy and
thin and others are fluffy and
shapely. Some people think
cumulus clouds look like puffs
of cotton.
Text Structure
Compare and Contrast
Passage
Text Structure
Identifying Text Structures
Proposition and
It was 32 degrees Fahrenheit when precipitation fell from
the clouds. Since it was freezing, the precipitation was in
the form of snow.
Clouds can cause turbulence for airplanes, so consequently
pilots may try to fly above them to avoid the shaking.
All clouds are made of water droplets. Fog, however, is a
different type of cloud. The difference is that fog forms on
the ground and the other clouds form high in the air.
Clouds are formed in the following way. First, water on the
ground evaporates and turns into vapor. Next, the vapor
condenses into tiny droplets and forms clouds. Finally, the
clouds lose the water in the form of precipitation.
Support
Cause and Effect
Compare and
Contrast
Sequence
Closure
1. Pencils and chalk are both writing utensils. They
are different because we use pencils to write on
paper and chalk to write on blackboards.
2.I went to the park because I wanted to play
basketball.
3. Sarah and Jimmy are the same because they are
both in the 4th grade. But Sarah enjoys reading.
On the other hand, Jimmy enjoys math.

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