Social Studies FOG Quiz Study Guide

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Social Studies FOG Quiz
Study Guide
BROUGHT TO YOU BY MYNOTEBOOK (DANNY HABBOUSH)
3 Systems Of Government
Confederation
Federalist
Unitary
System
System
System
Confederation System
Definition:
States have the
power, and they
join together
sometimes for
stuff like war

Example:
Soviet Union
Visual:
Federalist System
Definition:

political power is divided
between a central
(national) government and
smaller governmental units.
Example:
The United States,
Australia, Germany
Visual:
Unitary System
Definition:

unitary system, a system
of political organization
in which most or all of
the governing power
resides in a centralized
government.
Example:
United Kingdom,
China
Visual:
Theocracy
Definition:
form
of
government in
which God, or a
god, is
recognized as
the supreme ruler
Example:
Saudi Arabia
Visual:
Fascism
Definition:
Individual
rights
and freedoms
are limited for the
good of the state
Often led by a
dictator
Example:
Hitler
Visual:
Dictatorship
Definition:

A government system in
which one group
(consisting of a small
amount of people or
one person) has extreme
power without effective
constitutional limitations
Example:
Kim Jong Il, North Korea
Visual:
Representative Democracy
Definition:
A
government
system in which
the people elect
representatives
to represent
them.
Example:
America
Visual:
Direct Democracy
Definition:
 Opposite
of
Representative
Democracy
 the
people themselves,
rather than elected
representatives, determine
the laws and policies by
which they are governed
Example:
Town Meetings
Visual:
Monarchy
Definition:
A
state or nation in
which the supreme
power is actually or
nominally lodged in a
monarch (King/Queen)
This means Kings/Queens
have all the power
Example:
Vatican
Visual:
Constitutional Monarchy
Definition:
A
government in
which a king or
queen is most
powerful, but
laws are made
by a legislature
Example:
Canada
Visual:
Republic
Definition:
A
system of
government in
which the main
power lies in the
hands of the
citizens
Example:
France, Most
Spanish Speaking
Countries
Visual:
Oligarchy
Definition:
A
type of
government in
which the power
lies in a couple
people or a
favored class
Example:
Soviet Union, China,
Venezuela
Visual:
Anarchy
Definition:
Anarchy
is the
absence of
government. It
may also refer to
a country that has
no government.
Example:
Iceland
Visual:
Government
Definition:
 Government
is an
institution that
creates and
enforces rules and
provides services
for a group of
people
Visual:
3 Economic Systems
Socialism
Communism
Capitalism
Socialism
Definition:


government controls goods and
resources and decides for the
people who needs what and
everyone will work for the good of
the people as opposed for their
own wants/needs.
It's unrealistic as it discounts human
nature (hence why the Soviet
Union failed and China is
becoming capitalist)
Example:
China, Denmark, Finland,
Netherland, Canada,
Sweden, Norway, Ireland,
New Zealand, Belgium
Visual:
Communism
All
Definition:
people are
equal and will
provide for each
other based on
needs and not on
greed or a desire
for power.
Example:
China, Cuba, Laos,
Vietnam, North
Korea
Visual:
Capitalism
Definition:
 Capitalism
is a
method where
individuals and
companies control
the distribution of
goods and market
forces.
Example:
Germany, United
States, Japan, India
Visual:

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