Rewayat Hafs 'An 'Aasim by the way of Shaatibiyyah Muslla altaqwa 3rd lecture 9 Rabie AL awwal 1434 Main Makhaarij There are 5 main categories of Makhaarij : 1. The oral cavity Al Jawf اﻟﺠَﻮف 2. The throat Al Halq اﻟﺤَﻠﻖ 3. The tongue Al Lissaan اﻟﻠِّﺴَﺎن 4. The lips Ash-shafatain اﻟﺸَّﻔَﺘﺎن 5. The nasal cavity Al Khayshoom اﻟﺨَﻴﺸُﻮم th 4 sub – makhraj of the tongue From the edge of the tongue and what lies opposite to it from the upper molars It can be done in either one of 3 ways : from the right side, from the left side OR from both sides. The left side of the tongue is most commonly used as it is easier than the right, and usage of both sides of the tongue is rare . Only one letter comes from that sub – makhraj which is ( )ض A digram shows the makhraj of ()ض A digram shows the makhraj of ()ض )Examples on letter (Dhaad ضب ًْحا – َوالَ َي ضُخض على طعام لعا ِد َيا ِ ت َ َو ْا َ المسكين َ ِّ َ َ َ ين – ل ــا الض ال و – ك ْر ه ظ ض ق ن َ َ َ َ –أ َ َوالَ َيضضر ضكم – َف ْل َيضْ َح ضكوا ََلِياً – ين َع ضددَ ا م ِ ضضلِّ َ th 5 sub – makhraj of the tongue Between the nearest part of the two edges of the tounge and the end of its tip and what lies opposite to it from the gum. Only one letter comes from that sub – makhraj which is ()ل A digram shows the makhraj of ()ل )Examples on letter (Laam َ و َجنات أَ ْل َفا ًفا – ض َ ْ ْ َ الَ أَ ِس ضم ِب َهذاال َبل ِد – اح ِرير – َ ولِ َبا ضسهضم ِفي َه َ لض ْؤلضؤ َم ْك ضنون – ان نس َ إِن ْاألِ َ th 6 sub – makhraj of the tongue From the tip of the tongue and what lies opposite to it from the gum with Ghunnah from the nasal. Only letter comes from that sub – makhraj which are()ن A digram shows the makhraj of ()ن )Examples on letter (Noon َ تجْ ِرى ِمن َتحْ ِت َها ْاألَن َهار – َوإِ َذا َمس ضه ْال َُخ ْي ضر َم ضنو ًعا ون َع َل ْيك – َ – و ِمنهضم َمن َيقضو ضل – َيمضن َ َ وأَ َ نز ْل َنا ِم َن الس َما ِء َما ًء – إِنس َوالَ َجان th 7 sub – makhraj of the tongue From the tip of the tongue and what lies opposite to it from the gum close to makhraj Alnoon. Only one letter comes from that sub – makhraj which are()ر A digram shows the makhraj of ()ر A digram shows the makhraj of ()ر )Examples on letter (Raa َ ْ ض َ ْ ض صير ِب ْال ِع َبا ِد د ق ال ضوح ر ب ه ض ن د ي أ و س – َوهللاض َب ِ َ ِ ِ ِ يرا َو َن ِذ ً َ – ب ِش ً يرا – إِ َل ْي َنا َمرْ ِج ضع ضكم – إِ َلى ِفرْ َع ْو َن – إِناأَعْ َط ْي َن َك ا ْل َك ْو َث َر – ار َز َْ َناهضم َو ِمم َ General exercises NB: this is an ongoing exercise. Please keep practice up to the end of the course. Choose a word from the Quran with one long vowel which has preceded by ( ) مor ( ) نand read it. (Now ) place you thumb and index on your nasal while you reading the word. (Is there any difference ?)if you feel any or any vibration in your nose while you are pronouncing the long vowel, then you are not pronounce it properly. Choose a word from Quran with one long vowel which has preceded by any other leter e.g. ( ) قor ( )سand repeat the action. Notice the difference Excesice no. 2 Choose a small sura from the Quran or a small chapter of a long one and read it. Try to stop on any word that contains a letter you have already learned its Makhraj. Place your finger on the makhraj if possible. Make sure that you pronounce it correctly Excesice no. 3 Keep pronouncing all the letter you have already learned its Makhraj. Make sure that you pronounce it correctly. Try to pick the similar letters like ( ) ق (& ) ك, ( ) &)(ع ( ) هـ (& ) ح Ensure that they are differentiated and pronounced correctly. questions What are the two conditions for ( ي،و،)اto be a long vowel What is the diffintion of Elmo Altajweed? And how it can be achieved? What is the makhraj? How do we now the makhraj of a specific letter? Why we say that the long vowel has a proximate makhraj? What are the main five makharej? How many sub – makhrai are there in the throat? What are they? What are the three letters come out from the middle of the tongue?