RICE MACT - rmehspg.org

Report
RICE MACT
40 CFR 63, Subpart ZZZZ
SI Source Requirements
7/18/2013
•
Stationary RICE – Reciprocating internal combustion engine that uses motion to convert heat
energy into mechanical work and is not mobile. Engines that are mobile that do not propel
engines and are used exclusively at a facility may be considered a Stationary RICE.
•
Major Source – Facility with potential to emit 10 tpy of any HAP or 25 tpy of combination of
HAPs
Area Source – Facility that does not meet definition of a major source
•
•
•
•
Rich burn – 4 stroke engine where the manufacturer’s recommended operating
stoichiometric air/fuel ratio is less than or equal to 1.1 or if the manufacturer’s
recommendation is not available the excess oxygen content of the exhaust at full load
conditions is less than or equal to 2 percent. Engines modified from rich to lean burn after
December 19, 2002 with passive technologies are considered rich burn
Lean burn – Engine that is not rich burn
Site Rated HP – Manufacturer’s design capacity at engine site locations (mostly dependent on
altitude and ambient temperature)
Area
Major
Key Definitions
•
•
•
Spark Ignition – gasoline-fueled engine; or any other type of engine with a spark plug (or
other sparking device) and with operating characteristics significantly similar to the
theoretical Otto combustion cycle. Dual-fuel engines in which a liquid fuel is used for CI and
gaseous fuel is used as the primary fuel at an annual average ratio of less than 2 parts diesel
fuel to 100 parts total fuel on an energy equivalent basis.
Compression Ignition – Engine that does not meet the definition of a spark ignition engine
Reconstruction – The replacement of components of an affected or a previously nonaffected
source to such an extent that:
–
–
(1) The fixed capital cost of the new components exceeds 50 percent of the fixed capital cost that would be required
to construct a comparable new source; and
(2) It is technologically and economically feasible for the reconstructed source to meet the relevant standard(s)
established by the Administrator (or a State) pursuant to section 112 of the Act. Upon reconstruction, an affected
source, or a stationary source that becomes an affected source, is subject to relevant standards for new sources,
including compliance dates, irrespective of any change in emissions of hazardous air pollutants from that source.
Area
Major
Key Definitions
•
•
•
Deviation – Failure to meet the requirements in ZZZZ to include operating and emission limits
Malfunction – Sudden, infrequent, not reasonably preventable failure which causes or has
the potential to cause emission limitations to be exceeded from failure of the following:
– Air pollution control equipment
– Process equipment
– Process to operate in a normal/usual manner
Monitoring Malfunction – Sudden, infrequent, not reasonably preventable failure of the
monitoring to provide valid data (§63.6635(b))
Area
Major
Key Definitions
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Residential/Institutional Emergency – Engines located at apartment buildings, schools,
homes, religious establishments, medical facilities, police stations, fire stations, and more
that provide power during emergency situations
Commercial Emergency – Engines located at commercial establishments to include telecom
centers, regional offices, and corporate offices that provide power in emergency situations
Emergency – An engine whose operation is limited to emergency situations. Emergency
situations include loss of power, flooding, and fire. Peak shaving is not an emergency. These
engines are at risk of being reclassified if proper documentation is not available
Black Start – An engine whose sole purpose is to start up a combustion turbine
Limited Use – A stationary RICE that operates less than 100 hours per year
Landfill/Digester Gas – An engine that burns the gaseous by-product of waste decomposition
through land or wastewater applications.
Dual Fuel – A stationary RICE that typically uses liquids fuel for compression ignition and
natural gas as a primary fuel. If the annual average of this engine’s fuel usage is 2 parts diesel
to 100 parts total fuel it will be considered a Spark Ignition Engine
Area
Major
Special Engine Definitions
•
•
Remote stationary RICE (pipelines DOT and Non-DOT)- Stationary RICE located on a pipeline
segment where each 1-mile continuous segment has:
– Within 220 yards of the centerline 10 or fewer buildings intended for human occupancy
– Within 220 yards of the centerline no buildings with four or more stories
– Within 100 yards of the centerline no building or a small, well-defined outside area that
is occupied by 20 or more persons on at least 5 days a week for 10 weeks in any 12month period.
Remote stationary RICE (no pipelines) - Stationary RICE that have 5 or fewer buildings
intended for human occupancy and no buildings with four or more stories within a 0.25 mile
radius around the engine
Area
Remote Engines Definition
• Stationary or Mobile
– RICE MACT only affect stationary engines
• Location
– Whether it is located at a Major or Area Source of HAPs
• Site Rated HP
– 500 HP is a major cutoff
– 100, 250, 5000 HP are also cutoffs
• Date of Construction/First Use
– 2 possible dates are used dependent on HP and Location
• Type/Configuration
– Rich/Lean and 2/4 stroke have different requirements
• Use
– Emergency Use/Auxiliary Power/Compression
Area
Major
What determines Applicability
>500 HP @ Major Source
December 19, 2002
New
>500 HP @ Area Source
June 12, 2006
New
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
New
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Major Source
New
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Area Source
>500 HP @ Major Source
December 19, 2002
•New Limited
Use
EXCEPTIONS
•Existing 4
Stroke Rich Burn
>500 HP @ Area Source
June 12, 2006
•Existing 2 Stroke
•Existing Remote 4
Stroke Rich/Lean
•Existing <100HP
•New ≥250 HP 4
Stroke Rich Burn
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Major Source
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Area Source
>500 HP @ Major Source
December 19, 2002
New
EMERGENCY
>500 HP @ Area Source
June 12, 2006
New
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
New
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Major Source
New
June 12, 2006
≤500 HP @ Area Source
Units with Emission Limits
4SRB
Existing
>500HP
4SLB
Major
Emission Limitations
Major Sources
2SLB
Formaldehyde
76% or 0.350
ppmvd
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Formaldehyde to
10.3 ppmvd
CO to 47 ppmvd
CO to 225 ppmvd
Existing
0-99 HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
>500HP
Formaldehyde
76% or
0.350 ppmvd
CO by 93% or
Formaldehyde to
14 ppmvd
CO by 58% or
Formaldehyde to
12 ppmvd
New
250-500 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
CO by 93% or
Formaldehyde to
14 ppmvd
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New
0-249 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Existing
100-500 HP
4SRB
Existing
Not Remote
> 500HP
4SLB
Area
Emission Limitations
Area Sources
2SLB
CO 75% or 270
ppmvd or THC
30%
CO 93% or 47
ppmvd
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing Remote
> 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing ≤ 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
> 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New ≤ 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
4SRB
4SLB
Major
Testing
Major Sources
2SLB
Semi-annually if
over >5000HP @ ±
10% of 100% load
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing
100-500 HP
Initial Only
Initial Only
Initial Only
Existing
0-99 HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
>500HP
Semi-annually @
± 10% of 100%
load
Semi-annually @
± 10% of 100%
load
Semi-annually @
± 10% of 100%
load
New
250-500 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Semi-annually @
± 10% of 100%
load
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New
0-249 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Existing
>500HP
4SRB
Existing
Not Remote
> 500HP
4SLB
Area
Testing
Area Sources
2SLB
Annual
Demonstration
(15 minute run)
Annual
Demonstration
(15 minute run)
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing Remote
> 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing ≤ 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
> 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New ≤ 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
4SRB
Existing
>500HP
4SLB
2SLB
NSCR Catalyst /
CPMS
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NSCR Catalyst
Oxidation
Catalyst
Oxidation
Catalyst
Existing
0-99 HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
>500HP
NSCR Catalyst /
CPMS
Oxidation
Catalyst / CPMS
Oxidation
Catalyst / CPMS
New
250-500 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Oxidation Catalyst /
CPMS / non-reset
hour meter
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New
0-249 HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Existing
100-500 HP
Major
Equipment Requirements
Major Sources
4SRB
Existing
Not Remote
> 500HP
4SLB
2SLB
Oxidation Catalyst / NONE-Not
NSCR Catalyst /
CPMS or Hi-Temp CPMS or Hi-Temp
Applicable
Shutdown
Shutdown
Existing Remote
> 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing ≤ 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
New
> 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
New ≤ 500HP
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer to
NSPS JJJJ
Area
Equipment Requirements
Area Sources
•Updates to Testing
–4 stroke rich burn > 500HP can show compliance by
reducing THC by 30%
–New 4 stroke lean burn ≥ 250HP and > 500HP @
Major source must test at ± 10% of 100% load
•Existing 100-500 HP @ Major Source
–No continuous compliance requirements
•Existing Not Remote 4 stroke @ Area Source
–CPMS will require CPMS plan if used
Area
Major
Emission Limit Units
Units with Maintenance
Requirements
4SRB
4SLB
2SLB
Major
Maintenance Intervals
Major Sources
Emergency
Existing
>500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
Existing
100-500 HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
500/1000/500
hours
Existing
0-99 HP
1440 hours
(60 days)
1440 hours
(60 days)
4320 hours
(180 days)
500/1000/500
hours
New
>500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Notify
Only
New
250-500 HP
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
New
0-249 HP
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
4SRB
4SLB
2SLB
Area
Maintenance Intervals
Area Sources
Emergency
Existing
Not Remote
> 500HP
NONE-Not
Applicable
NONE-Not
Applicable
4320 hours
(180 days)
500/1000/500
hours
Existing
Remote >
500HP
2160 hours
(60 days)
2160 hours
(60 days)
4320 hours
(180 days)
500/1000/500
hours
Existing ≤
500HP
1440 hours
(60 days)
1440 hours
(60 days)
4320 hours
(180 days)
500/1000/500
hours
New
> 500HP
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
New ≤ 500HP NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
NONE-Refer
to NSPS JJJJ
• Required Maintenance Tasks
– Change Oil & Filter or take Oil Analysis Sample
– Inspect Spark Plug
– Inspect Hoses & Belts
• Manufacturer’s emission related instruction or
your own maintenance plan
• Emergency units require a non-resettable
hour meter
Area
Major
Maintenance Units
• Units requiring oil and filter change at specified
intervals may opt for an oil analysis program
• Analyze for the following Condemning Limits
– SI Engines
• Total Acid Number increase by more than 3.0mg of
potassium hydroxide
• Viscosity has changed by more than 20% of when new
• % H20 content is greater than 0.5
• Condemning limit exceedance requires oil change
within 2 days or results receipt or before engine
is started up
Area
Major
Oil Analysis
• If your facility becomes a major source
– Comply within 3 years
• If your facility is no longer remote
– Comply within 1 year
• Emergency unit loses emergency status
– Comply upon loss of status
Area
Major
Status Change

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