The Great migration

Report
The Great Migration
Demographic Change: change in the
characteristics of population
 Emigration: leavings one’s country to establish
citizenship and a home in another country
 Immigration: a person intending to establish a
home and citizenship in a country that is not
their native country
 Unemployment: having no work
 Famine: shortage of food leading to starvation
for many people
 Cholera: a contagious disease that causes
intestinal problems and dehydration

 7.1.6
– How was the Great Migration of 18151850 in Upper Canada and Lower Canada an
attempt to confirm British identity in the
Province of Canada?

http://www0.hku.hk/bse/learning-outcomes.jpg
 What
challenges of coexistence did the Great
Migration create?
 Why did the peoples in British North America
want a more democratic government?
 To what extent did demands for more
democratic government reflect challenges of
coexistence in British North America?
 How did the response to demands for more
democratic government shape Canada?
Waves of immigration between 1815- 1850 which
cause demographic change as a population
 In 1840 Canadiens populated the majority of
Lower and Upper Canada
 By 1850 the majority was now British immigrants
 Due to waves of immigration, leaders of British
North America pushed for a more democratic
government
 Why?


So they could have more control over the government
that ruled them.
 Poverty



Economic reason
Many lost farms
Many lost jobs (unemployment) during the
Industrial Revolution


Many machines replaced positions
Napoleonic Wars


in Britain
Ended in 1815 leading to more unemployment
Famine in Ireland in 1840

Forcing many people to leave their homes in order to
survive
Britain’s colonies provided places for people to
move and start over
 Britain encourage emigration as a way to relieve
economic troubles
 Also emigration allowed for reinforce loyalty to
Britain


http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I0000lOJK_8MjZHM/t/200/I0000lOJK_8MjZHM.jpg
 More

Settlers had to clear land for farms in Upper
Canada
 More

Farms
British People
http://www.xtimeline.com/__UserPic_Large/4758/ELT200801282025069474803.JPG
 Conditions
on board the ship were so poor,
passengers were calling them “coffin ships”
 Because the boats were so overcrowded this
led to disease, starvation and death.
 One of the diseases that was most
troublesome was cholera; this led to mass
amount of deaths
 Theory was that cholera was spread by
contact between sick people and healthy
people which prompted the government to
set up quarantine at Gross Ile.

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