The Great Migration Demographic Change: change in the characteristics of population Emigration: leavings one’s country to establish citizenship and a home in another country Immigration: a person intending to establish a home and citizenship in a country that is not their native country Unemployment: having no work Famine: shortage of food leading to starvation for many people Cholera: a contagious disease that causes intestinal problems and dehydration 7.1.6 – How was the Great Migration of 18151850 in Upper Canada and Lower Canada an attempt to confirm British identity in the Province of Canada? http://www0.hku.hk/bse/learning-outcomes.jpg What challenges of coexistence did the Great Migration create? Why did the peoples in British North America want a more democratic government? To what extent did demands for more democratic government reflect challenges of coexistence in British North America? How did the response to demands for more democratic government shape Canada? Waves of immigration between 1815- 1850 which cause demographic change as a population In 1840 Canadiens populated the majority of Lower and Upper Canada By 1850 the majority was now British immigrants Due to waves of immigration, leaders of British North America pushed for a more democratic government Why? So they could have more control over the government that ruled them. Poverty Economic reason Many lost farms Many lost jobs (unemployment) during the Industrial Revolution Many machines replaced positions Napoleonic Wars in Britain Ended in 1815 leading to more unemployment Famine in Ireland in 1840 Forcing many people to leave their homes in order to survive Britain’s colonies provided places for people to move and start over Britain encourage emigration as a way to relieve economic troubles Also emigration allowed for reinforce loyalty to Britain http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I0000lOJK_8MjZHM/t/200/I0000lOJK_8MjZHM.jpg More Settlers had to clear land for farms in Upper Canada More Farms British People http://www.xtimeline.com/__UserPic_Large/4758/ELT200801282025069474803.JPG Conditions on board the ship were so poor, passengers were calling them “coffin ships” Because the boats were so overcrowded this led to disease, starvation and death. One of the diseases that was most troublesome was cholera; this led to mass amount of deaths Theory was that cholera was spread by contact between sick people and healthy people which prompted the government to set up quarantine at Gross Ile.