Impact of Habitat for Humanity Housing Projects on

Report
Evaluating the long-term
impact of shelter programmes
Ian Pearce, Habitat for Humanity Great Britain
Victoria Batchelor, Arup International Development
Mission Statement
Habitat for Humanity works in partnership with God and
people everywhere, from all walks of life, to develop
communities with people in need by building and renovating
houses so that there are decent houses in decent communities
in which every person can experience God’s love and can live
and grow into all that God intends.
Mission Principles
1) Demonstrate the love and
teachings of Jesus Christ
2) Advocate on behalf of those in
need of decent shelter
3) Focus on shelter by building and
renovating simple, decent,
affordable houses
4) Engage broad community through
inclusive leadership and diverse
partnerships
5) Promote dignity through full
partnership with Habitat homeowners
and future home partners
6) Promote transformational and
sustainable community development
Why housing?
Some key questions
• What is “good” development?
• How do we know that, in fact, we are doing what we intend to do?
• How do we measure the impact of our work?
• What are the reference points – internal and external?
• How do we validate our choices as a development organisation?
5
Habitat’s Tsunami Disaster Response Projects
• Habitat’s effort served
more than 25,000
families in four countries
• Tested the organization’s
systems, processes and
policies with impact on
organizational
development and growth.
Assessment tools
Habitat’s need
A partner with:
An assessment tool with:
• Global reputation
• Instrument validity
• Technical expertise
• Objective and replicable
• Development oriented
• Links infrastructure with poverty
reduction and sustainability
• Local presence
• Possibility of comparing projects
across contexts and across sectors
Why Arup?
• Geographical overlap
• Arup’s ownership structure
• Arup have a long-term relationship with HFH
• Arup’s International Development group operates on a
not for profit basis
Aspire
A unique collaboration between
Engineers Against Poverty and Arup
to support the integrated appraisal of
poverty reduction and sustainability
performance of housing and
infrastructure programmes
Habitat’s Tsunami Disaster Response Projects
What was the impact
of Habitat for
Humanity’s tsunami
response shelter
program on
sustainability of
communities and
sustainability of
livelihoods?
Aspire : Research
• Literature Review
• Comparative Analysis
• Project Life Cycle Analysis
• Conceptual Framework
• Indicator development
• Prototype software
• Testing
Aspire : Concept
Institutions
• Literature Review
• Comparative Analysis
• Project Life Cycle Analysis
• Conceptual Framework
• Indicator development
• Prototype software
Economics
• Testing
Aspire : Development
best case
worst case
Aspire : Testing
Housing, Belgian Red Cross, Sri Lanka
Source: Belgian Red Cross
School and health facility, UNOPS, Sri Lanka
Source: UNOPS
Source: Maji Na Ufanisi/Arup
WATSAN, Maji Na Ufanisi, Kenya
Gautrain, South Africa
Source: PIDG
Kindergarten, Sabre Trust, Ghana
Irrigation Pilot Project, PIDG, Zambia
Aspire: Process
1.
Define boundaries and objectives
2.
Identify stakeholders
3.
Review list of sub-themes
4.
Policy and regulatory framework
5.
Data collection
6.
Data entry
7.
Initial outputs
8.
Feedback to stakeholders
9.
Review based on feedback
10. Final outputs
1. Define boundaries
• Geographical: four countries
• Scale: programme level
• Time: five years (2005-2010)
2. Identify stakeholders
• HFH National Offices
• HFH International
• ‘Home-partners’
• Volunteers
• Partner NGOs
• Local government
• Disaster Response Agencies
• Donors
3. Review of indicators
• Should any be excluded?
• drylands / forests
• carbon pricing
• Where will we get the
information?
4. Policy and regulatory framework
• Local regulations
• National regulations
• International standards
• Building codes
• Planning requirements
• Disaster response policies
• Eligibility criteria
5. Data collection
• Desktop review/research
• Community workshops
5. Data collection
• Desktop review/research
• Community workshops
• Household interviews
5. Data collection
• Desktop review/research
• Community workshops
• Household interviews
• Direct observation
5. Data collection
• Desktop review/research
• Community workshops
• Household interviews
• Direct observation
• Stakeholder interviews
6. Data entry
7-9. Initial outputs, feedback and review
“best case”
average output
“worst case”
10. Final outputs and reporting
Outcomes of the tsunami-response assessment
Institutions
• Strong in all sections
Environment
• Strong in materials and land
• Weak in energy
Economics
• Strong in equity, macro
and viability
Society
• Strong in population, culture
and stakeholders
Strengths
Population
• Vulnerable groups
Culture
• Socio-cultural identity
Vulnerability
• Physical exposure
Opportunities
Water
• Drainage systems
Energy
• Energy sources
Livelihoods
• Access to finance
Health
• Drainage
Vulnerability
• Location
• Climate change resilience
• Access to livelihoods and finance
Relevance to Haiti
• Relates to the Paul Collier agenda
– Haiti as a fragile state
• ASPIRE assesses the impact of shelter
– not just the shelter itself
• ASPIRE can be used throughout programme
development, not just at the end
Any questions?
For more information:
www.habitatforhumanity.org.uk
www.arup.com/internationaldevelopment
www.oasys-software.com/products/sustainability/aspire
Exercise 1: Community structure
Exercise 2: Timeline
Exercise 3: Mapping
Exercise 4: Livelihoods
Exercise 5: Assets

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