Why Is Local HIV Prevention Important? (continued)

Local Engagement Toolkit for HIV Prevention
HIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(a virus)
People living with diagnosed HIV can expect to live a near-normal
lifespan with effective treatment.
AIDS = Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
(a collection of illnesses caused by the virus)
An advanced stage of HIV infection where the immune system is
weakened (through lack of treatment) AND at least two HIV-related
clinical conditions are present.
Effective treatment can restore the immune system.
HIV and AIDS Defined
HIV: A National Epidemic – Introduction
• People living with HIV can expect to live a near-normal lifespan and
have very good health outcomes if diagnosed in the early stages of
• HIV in the UK remains relatively uncommon with an overall prevalence
of 1.5 per 1,000 population (1.0 in women and 2.1 in men).
• An estimated 98,400 people were living with HIV by the end of 2012.
• Around 21,900 (22%) of people living with HIV are unaware of their
• Late diagnoses and high rates of undiagnosed infections remain the
biggest challenges.
• Of the 6,360 persons diagnosed for the first time in 2012, 47% were
diagnosed late.
HIV in 2014
HIV: A National Epidemic – Introduction (continued)
• No one should die with AIDS in the UK. Yet, 390 people died of AIDS in 2012.
• Despite continuous declines, death rates among people with HIV are three
times those of the general population.
HIV in 2014
Who Are The People Most Affected/At Risk?
Total living with HIV = 98,400
Total diagnosed = 76,500
Total undiagnosed = 21,900
People Living with HIV
Non Africanborn men
Non Africanborn women
Injecting Drug
Most At Risk Populations: Men Who Have Sex With Men and Black African People
Why Is Local HIV Prevention Important?
• Effective HIV prevention makes for good public health
and economic sense because every HIV infection
prevented saves:
o The public purse £280,000-£360,000 in lifetime
treatment costs.
o The effects of living a life affected by HIV.
• Most new infections are caused by people living with
undiagnosed HIV.
The Economic and Public Health Reasons
Why Is Local HIV Prevention Important? (continued)
• 47% of all new diagnoses are defined as late (a point
after which treatment should have commenced), leading
to potentially higher treatment costs due to comorbidities
and the potential need for in-patient care.
• People diagnosed late with HIV are at greater risk of
avoidable morbidity and mortalityi.
• HIV stigma still plays a significant part in reluctance to
test and disclose status, leading to poor personal and
public health.
The Economic and Public Health Reasons
Why Is Local HIV Prevention Important? (continued)
• Effective HIV treatment can:
o Reduce viral load to an undetectable level.
o Reduce onward transmission and save expenditure downstream by
avoiding increased costs associated with late diagnosis.
o Contribute to achieving the objective in the Public Health Outcomes
Framework by reducing late-stage infection.
• Local Authorities:
o Already address health inequalities: teenage pregnancy, adult mental
health and supporting help-seeking behaviours.
o Perfectly positioned to deliver cheaper community testing.
Prevention and Treatment Options
How Does It Affect Us? What Is The Local Picture?
Know Your Needs: www.tht.org.uk/knowyourneeds
How Does It Affect Us? What Is The Local Picture?
Know Your Needs: www.tht.org.uk/knowyourneeds
How Does It Affect Us? What Is The Local Picture?
Know Your Needs: www.tht.org.uk/knowyourneeds
What About Our Neighbours? What is Their Local Picture?
Know Your Needs: www.tht.org.uk/knowyourneeds
What Can We Do Locally?
Familiarise ourselves with the Terrence
Higgins Trust’s HIV and Sexual health
Guide for Councillors:
Ensure our Joint Strategic Needs
Assessment (JSNA) and Health and
Wellbeing Strategy (HWBS) includes HIV
prevention through:
Treatment as prevention (TasP).
Behaviour change (eg, information
dissemination, outreach, counselling,
mentoring and condom schemes).
Some HIV high prevalence areas already
have community based organisations
who can help.
Support and Promote National HIV Testing Week Every November
What Can We Do Locally?
• Over 340 organisations supported NHTW
2013 (extra services/ordered resources).
These included: NHS organisations, Local
Authorities/public health units, private
healthcare providers, businesses and
community-based organisations.
• 1 million resources were ordered.
• 10,000 website visitors.
• 1,000 HIV home sampling kits ordered.
• 452 mentions of NHTW in traditional media
publications provided 279 million
opportunities to see the coverage.
• Social media: 5,475 followers of the NHTW, 18,486 followers of ISWM.
Order Resources From: www.hivpreventionengland.org.uk/resources
What Can We Do Locally?
Consider partnering with neighbouring authorities to provide a pan
county/town/city regional prevention strategy and thereby secure
greater value for money, improved visibility across the region and
increased take-up within the community.
Case Study 1
Several south west London Local Authorities worked in partnership
to expand Croydon’s 2012 initiative in booking advertising space on
local public transport supporting Testing Week and giving local links
to testing.
Support and Promote National HIV Testing Week Every November
What Can We Do Locally?
Although responsibility for HIV prevention resides with Local
Authorities, commissioning of testing and treatment resides
elsewhere. Partnership working, as detailed in the case study below,
can provide an effective strategic approach to prevention.
Case Study 2
Kent’s Public Health Team and Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells
NHS Trust worked together for Testing Week. They took an
outreach bus around their relatively low prevalence local towns,
raising awareness and offering testing. A survey was sent to local
hospital consultants and GPs about HIV and clinical indicator
diseases to support increased testing offers and diagnosis. Public
Health provided funding while the clinical team donated their time.
Support and Promote National HIV Testing Week Every November
Nationwide Network of Local Partners. Check Your Area
England-Wide Network of Partners Engaging With Local Communities
Normalise And Expand Local Testing To Increase Availability
64 of 326 (20%) local
authorities across
England had a
prevalence of diagnosed
HIV infection of ≥2 per
1,000 population (aged
15-59 years), the
threshold for expanded
testing (BHIVA 2008 &
NICE 2010 guidelines).
Self Testing
Postal HIV
people living
HIV Prevention Need Not Be Too Testing
GP Testing
Useful Further Resources
HIV Prevention England
For details of their work, briefings for Local Authorities, a catalogue of free
resources, sign-up to a free newsletter and for HIV Prevention England
conference details:
www.hivpreventionengland.org.uk or email: [email protected]
Public Health England
For a wealth of statistics (local, regional and national):
Local Government Association
for guidance on Local Authority responsibilities:
External Sources Of Support
Unless referenced individually, all
data used in this presentation
sourced from:
Public Health England, Addressing
Late HIV Diagnosis through
Screening and Testing:
An Evidence Summary. 2014.
Thank You For Your Time

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