Unit 5 China Study Guide - Marshall Community Schools

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UNIT 5 CHINA STUDY GUIDE
1.
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What was the main form of agriculture on the steppes
north of the Huang Valley? Herding sheep and cattle
Farmers were able to grow crops like rice, millet, and
grapes in the Huang river valley because the river
flooded, providing water and the loess silt was nutrient
rich.
Shihuangdi built life-size clay soldiers to protect his burial
tomb.
During which time period did rulers first apply Confucian
ideas about fairness and learning? Han dynasty
Loess created problems for Huang Valley farmers
because it clogged irrigation ditches.
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The clearing away of trees and shrubs in the
Huang Valley for more farming land caused
erosion.
In ancient China, oracle bones were used by
the Shang people to predict the future.
The ancient huts uncovered by archaeologists
at Anyang were once used for workshops.
What did ancient Chinese farmers build to try
to keep the Huang in its course? levees
10.
This teacher said that rulers must be wise and good, just as their
subjects must be respectful. Confucius
11.
This general was originally a farmer, before he led rebel armies to
overthrow the Qin dynasty. Han Gaozu
12.
Although he was successful in creating a strong government,
China’s first emperor is remembered for his harsh rule. Shihuangdi
13.
The emperor of the Han dynasty created schools to prepare people
for government jobs. Wudi
14.
Archaeologists found the tomb of this woman, who was a leader of
troops, a ruler of her town, and a king’s wife. Fu Hao
15.
dusty, yellow soil deposited by the wind: loess
16.
political division of land in the empire: province
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wearing away of the soil: erosion
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rich, powerful relatives of the king: nobles
19.
an area of land that is a dry, treeless plain:
steppe
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teachings of Confucius: Confucianism
21.
line of rulers from the same family: dynasty
22.
machine that detects earthquakes: seismograph
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the supreme ruler of an empire: emperor
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this is a time when people starve: famine
25.
The North China Plain was a major landform in China
that was flooded annually by the Huang River.
26.
Shihuangdi had the Great Wall of China built in order to
keep out invaders from the North.
27.
The Grand School was the best place for the Chinese
to be educated.
28.
The huge landform in Tibet where the Huang River
begins is called a plateau.
29.
Ancient farming communities eventually
developed into civilizations after they became
more populated with languages, religions, and
cultures.
30.
The Mandate of Heaven was the belief that a
ruler had the god-given right to rule an empire.
31.
The dry region around which the Huang River
curves is called the Ordos Desert.

32. Be able to draw and label the Chinese
social pyramid. (5 levels)
Kings/family
Nobles
Craftworkers
Farmers
Prisoners of War

33. Be able to draw a flow chart showing the
progression from good crop production to famine.
Good crop production
Population growth
Need to clear more land to feed more people
Erosion
Poor crop production
Famine

34. Be able to list the legacies that Shihaungdi
left behind after his short-lived 15-year rule of
China.
 He
left behind centralized systems of:
1. Currency
2. Writing
3. Government

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