Michael Wigglesworth CLAIRE GALBRAITH Biography Born in Yorkshire, England on Oct. 18 1631 Moved to America at the age of seven (New Haven) Went to Harvard- graduated in 1651 but remained a tutor for 3 years. Moved to Malden, MA In 1663, he lived in Bermuda for 7 months to study medicine. More Biography Married 3 times and had 8 children. He was a frail, sick man most of his life so he had a lot of leisure time– began writing. Most famous writing The Day of Doom Second famous writing was Meat Out of the Eater. The Day of Doom Published in 1662- becomes America’s first best seller. 224 stanzas Inspired by a dream that Wigglesworth had that God was seated on his throne on the dreadful Day of Judgement. The Bible is the only source of reference. Theme The Day of Judgement is the day that God will decide the fate of men (Heaven or hell) The theme of theological idealism of Calvinism(4 doctrines) Total depravity: all men were born corrupt & prone to evil (stanzas 167-168) Limited atonement: Jesus’ sacrifice earned God’s forgiveness for only a few (stanza 25) http://www.puritansermons.com/poetry/wiggindx.htm More Theme Irresistible grace: one can’t win nor loose salvation by his acts. (stanza 134) Predestination: God predicted all events; who shall go to heaven, who shall go to hell. When ever Wigglesworth mentions a sheep or goat, he’s referring to the people of heaven and the people of hell. Also, the judge symbolizes Christ. Death Had medical problems all his life which limited his preaching as a minister. Cotton Mather is said to have called him “a little feeble shadow of a man.”-describing his health Died on June 10, 1705 in Malden, MA “His pen did once Meat from the Eater take And now he’s gone beyond the Eater’s reach. His body once so thin was next to none From hence he’s to unbodied spirits flown. Once his rare skill did all diseases heal And he doth nothing now uneasy feel. He to his paradise is joyful come And waits with joy to see his Day of Doom.” Works Cited Noll, Mark A. "Wigglesworth, Michael." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web. 6 Oct. 2010. http://www.puritansermons.com/poetry/wigglife.htm http://college.cengage.com/english/lauter/heath/4e/students/author_pages/colonial/wigglesworth_ mi.html Trent, William P., and Benjamin W. Wells. "The Beginnings of Americanism: 1650-1710." 2. (1901): 36. Web. 25 Oct 2010. <http://www.bartleby.com/163/203.html>. Supardjana , Joseph. "The Apocalyptic Theme in Michael Wigglesworth's The Day of Doom." 1. (2001): 34-44. Web. 25 Oct 2010. <www.unej.ac.id/fakultas/sastra/sastra_en/jurnal/vol-01/josep.pdf>.