49th_Day_Nov_6_2013 - Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
November 6, 2013
A/A.P. U.S. History
Mr. Green
Describe and explain the growth of Mass Democracy
in the 1820s.
Indicate how the alleged corrupt bargain of 1824 and
Adams’ unpopular presidency set the stage for Jackson’s
election in 1828.
AP Focus
Andrew Jackson handily wins the popular vote in the
1824 election but fails to win the necessary electoral
votes. The U.S. House of Representatives selects his
opponent, John Quincy Adams. But in 1828, Jackson easily
defeats Adams, ushering in what many see as a period of
democratic growth. Claiming he is attacking entrenched
political forces, Jackson rewards his political supporters
with patronage positions in government.
The election to the presidency of the
frontier aristocrat and common person’s
hero, Andrew Jackson, signaled the end of the
older elitist political leadership represented
by John Quincy Adams. A new spirit of mass
democracy and popular involvement swept
through American society, bringing new
energy, as well as conflict and corruption to
public life.
Hand in HOMEWORK DUE TUESDAY!!!!!!!!!!
1810s decade chart, 1824 map
Submit Presidential Election Charts 1804-1816
Submit Presidential Election Charts 1828,
1832, 1836, 1840 next week
Decades Chart for the 1820’s due MONDAY
Highly successful secretary of state
Entered presidency under the auspices of
corruption-Discuss 1824 election
Did not reward followers
Supported federal funding of roads and canals
Change in public sentiment around nationalism
states’ rights
Georgia staved off Washington intervention on
behalf of the Cherokees
Andrew Jackson campaigned throughout the
Adams’ Presidency
Presented as a rough-hewn
frontiersman/champion of the common man
Actually a wealthy planter and slave owner
Mudslinging campaign
Jackson’s wife a bigamist/adulteress
She dies before becoming 1st lady
Jackson’s mom a prostitute
Adams had gambling tables in the White house
Served as a pimp for the Russian Tsar
Jackson won 178-83
Political center shifted from the eastern seaboard
to the emerging states-WHY?
Tariff of 1824 increased duties significantly,
and Adams signed an increase in 1828
Southerners hated the 1828 tariff
Sold cotton and other goods in a world market
without tariffs
Forced to buy goods protected by tariffs.
Role of federal government in addressing
South Carolina led in protesting Tariff with
Vice-President Calhoun leading the way
Frontier Aristocrat
Owned many slaves
Lived in a mansion
Inauguration included a diverse crowd of
followers looking for jobs
Spoils System
to the victor goes the spoils
Federal appointments would be dolled out
based on loyalty to Jackson
South Carolina attempted to nullify the bill in
the South Carolina state legislature
did not have enough votes
Nullification played the leading role in the
state election of 1832 in South Carolina
Jackson prepared militarily for enforcement of
the tariff
Compromise Tariff of 1833 by Clay
reduce tariff by 10% over 8 years
Force Bill-president could use force to collect
customs and duties
5 Civilized Tribes-Creeks, Choctaws,
Chickasaws, Cherokees, and Seminoles
Georgia took the lead to push Natives out,
while Native Americans won 2 cases in the US
Supreme Court
“John Marshall has made his decision; now let
him enforce it”
Indian Removal Act in 1830-move to Oklahoma
Black Hawk War of 1832
Bank of the U.S. up for re-charter in 1836
Henry Clay thought this would be a good
political tool in the 1832 Presidential election
If Jackson signed it, he would alienate his
supporters of the West who hated the bank
If Jackson vetoed the bill, he would alienate the
wealthy and influential groups of the East
Jackson vetoed the bank bill in the face of
McCulloch v. Maryland
Changes in the nation around voter
participation, campaigning, and governing
Continue reading Chapter 13 to the end
Complete 1820’s decade chart
Presidential Election Chart 1820, 1824, 1828,
Identifications for Unit 4

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