Experience of Ireland

Report
Structural Instruments in Romania
Conference
Workshop no. 3 – Improving Economic Competitiveness
by Building the SME Base
Experience of Ireland
Dr Jim Fitzpatrick
Managing Director
Fitzpatrick Associates, Economic Consultants
122 Ranelagh Village
Dublin 6
Tel: +353 1 4966008
Fax: +353-1-4966028
e-mail: [email protected]
Web: www.fitzpatrick-associates.com
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
1
CONTENTS
•
SME role in Ireland’s “Celtic Tiger”
•
Use of EU Structural Investments
•
Some Lessons for Romania?
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
2
PRODUCTIVE SECTOR PERFORMANCE, 1995-2004
400
350
300
4250
00
350
200
300
150
250
2100
00
150
50
100
0
50
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Years
0
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
Other
Internationally-traded
F Full-time
u ll-tim e EEmployment
m p lo ym e n t ininFFinancial
in a n c ia l aand
nd O
th e r In
te rn a tio n a l S e rv ic e s Services
Y e a rs
VValue
a lu e oof
f MManufactured
a n u fa c tu re d EExports
xp o rts
InIndigenous
d ig e n o u s SSoftware
o ftw a re JJobs
obs
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
3
IRELAND – NATIONAL POLICY DOCUMENTS
http://www.forfas.ie/publications/
http://www.forfas.ie/icsti/statements/tfores
ight/
http://www.arts-sporttourism.gov.ie/pdfs/tourism_review_report.
pdf
http://www.iua.ie/working_industry/pdf/knowled
ge_economy.pdf
http://www.irishspatialstrategy.ie/NS
SDownloads.shtml
http://www.forfas.ie/esg/
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
http://www.smallbusinessforum.ie/
http://www.entemp.ie/publications/scie
nce/2006/sciencestrategy.pdf
4
“COMPETITIVENESS” OPERATIONAL
PROGRAMMES*
Breakdown by Core Priority (total EU and co-financed)
1994-99
2000-06
€
501
(%)
(11%)
€
2,300
(%)
(51%)
Enterprise Support
3,125
(71%)
1,700
(38%)
Marketing Support
552
(13%)
358
(8%)
Sea Fisheries
233
(5%)
132
(3%)
4,411
100%
4,488
100%
Research, Development, Innovation
Total
* Industry Operational Programme 1994-99,
Priority of the Productive Sector Operational Programme 2000-06
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
5
PRODUCTIVE SECTOR OPERATIONAL
PROGRAMME
Priority/Measure
2000-2006
NDP
1. RTDI
1.1 Education
1.2 Industry RTDI
1.3 Agriculture RTDI
1.4 Food Institutional Research
1.5 Marine RTDI
1.6 Forest Research and Development Programme
1.7 Environment RTDI
2. Industry
2.1 Indigenous Industry
2.2 Food Agriculture Products
2.3 Seafood Processing
2.4 Film Industry
2.5 Gaeltacht Areas
2.6 Foreign Direct Investment
3. Marketing
3.1 Industry Marketing
3.2 Food Marketing
3.3 Seafood Marketing
3.4 Tourism Marketing
4. Sea Fisheries Development
4.1 Adjustment of the Fishing Fleet
4.2 Supporting Measures for Fisheries Development
4.3 Renewal & Modernisation of the Fishing Fleet
Other
Total
€mn
2,300
684
1,376
61
60
53
12
50
1,700
440
165
78
61
285
670
358
1994-1999
SF
€mn
240
55
185
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
67
8
200
132
7
31
%
51%
15%
31%
1%
1%
1%
0%
1%
38%
10%
4%
2%
1%
6%
15%
8%
1%
2%
0%
4%
3%
0%
1%
95
0
4,488
2%
0
100%
20
0
282
0
0
0
42
5
18
NDP
%
85%
20%
66%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
15%
2%
6%
0%
7%
0
100%
SF
€mn
501
%
11%
€mn
269
%
26%
3,125
71%
583
57%
552
13%
99
10%
233
4,411
5%
100%
72
1023
7%
100%
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
6
SOME KEY PARAMETERS
•
OBJECTIVES: shift from employment creation to value-added
•
DELIVERY AGENCIES: mainly existing specialist state agencies
•
ELIGIBILITY: generally manufacturing and internationally traded firms (i.e. exports
or export potential)
•
FORMS OF FINANCE: mostly non-repayable grants, some equity (preference
shares)
•
DEADWEIGHT: part of consciousness of selection committees
•
APPROVAL CRITERIA: Programme Complements
•
PROJECT GENERATION/SELECTION: agency development staff help applicants,
separate committees approve
•
MONITORING: project level – grants payable for agreed milestones
programme level – inputs, outputs, results, impact ideally
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
7
PRINCIPAL IRISH PRODUCTIVE SECTOR
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES - SUMMARY
NATIONWIDE MULTISECTORAL:
NATIONAL SECTORSPECIFIC:
PROMOTION OF
FOREIGN DIRECT
INVESTMENT
WWW.IDAIRELAND.IE
PROMOTION OF
INDIGENOUS
ENTERPRISE,
EXPORT
PROMOTION
WWW.ENTERPRISEIRELAND.COM
MANPOWER
SERVICES AND
TRAINING
WWW.FAS.IE
POLICY RESEARCH
AND ADVISORY
BODY
WWW.FORFAS.IE
FUNDING OF BASIC
R&D IN
ENTERPRISE
WWW.SFI.IE
FUNDING OF R&D IN
THIRD-LEVEL
INSTITUTIONS
WWW.HEA.IE
DEVELOPMENT OF
THE FISHERIES
AND SEA-FOOD
SECTOR
WWW.BIM.IE
DEVELOPMENT OF
THE FOOD
INDUSTRY
WWW.BORDBIA.IE
INDIGENOUS
INDUSTRY
ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
IN MID-WEST
REGION
WWW.SHANNON-DEV.IE
ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
IN IRISHSPEAKING
AREAS
WWW.UDARAS.IE
SUPPORT FOR
MICROENTERPRISE
(-10 EMPLOYEES)
WWW.ENTERPRISEIRELAND.COM/
STARTBUSINESS/COUNTY
_ENTERPRISE_BOARDS.H
TM
REGIONAL/LOCAL
AGENCIES
CITY/COUNTY ENTERPRISE
BOARDS
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
8
SOME LESSONS
• don’t forget the SME sector
• be selective, focus on potential high performers
• separate national competitiveness from regional/local
development objectives
• have good enterprise advice/support structure
• Structural Instruments not enough, need a generally
entrepreneurial climate
INSTRUMENTE STRUCTURALE IN ROMANIA
9

similar documents