STD Notes 8th Grade Choosing the Best Chlamydia bacterial STD, infecting 3 million • Chlamydia is a common __________ people in the US each year, including ____million young people 1.5 aged 15-24. no • 75% of women and 50% of men have ____symptoms with Chlamydia. If symptoms are present they may include abnormal discharges or a burning sensation when urinating. • Chlamydia can be transmitted to either partner through vaginal, anal, or ________ oral sex and is diagnosed by lab tests. • While the disease can by __________ with antibiotics, if left cured untreated, it can have serious consequences, particularly for women. • Up to 40% of women with untreated Chlamydia develop PID ______(pelvic inflammatory disease) and one in five of those women will become _________. infertile • If you are a woman with Chlamydia and are exposed to HIV, your 3 to 5 risk of becoming infected with HIV is ________times higher. Gonorrhea 650,000 each • Gonorrhea is another bacterial STD, infecting _________ year in the U.S. no symptoms at all, symptoms in • Although many may have ____ men and women may include a burning sensation when urinating or abnormal discharges. In women, symptoms may be mild and mistaken for a vaginal infection. • Gonorrhea can be transmitted to either partner through oral sex and is diagnosed by lab tests. vaginal, anal, or _______ • Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics, but remains a major PID cause of _____and subsequent infertility and tubal pregnancies (outside the uterus). • Gonorrhea is very contagious. In a single act of unprotected sex with and infected partner, a teenage female has a ____percent chance of getting gonorrhea. 50 HIV • Gonorrhea can also facilitate ____transmission. Syphilis bacterial • Syphilis is another __________STD, infecting 70,000 each year in the US. • Syphilis is passed via ______contact from a syphilis direct sore, called a chancre. • Syphilis can be transmitted to either partner through vaginal, anal, or ____sex. oral • The primary stage of syphilis is usually marked by the appearance of a _______, which soon goes away. sore • Syphilis can be treated _______ with antibiotics. • Untreated syphilis can cause serious problems later in life, including heart trouble, mental problems, birth defects in babies and _____. death Trichomoniasis • Trichomoniasis is a very common STD caused by a microscopic __________, parasite infecting five million people in the US each year. • Most men have ____ no symptoms. Some women may have a vaginal discharge and experience discomfort during intercourse or urination. • Trichomoniasis can be diagnosed through a physical exam with a lab test, and can be ________ cured with a prescription drug. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) • HPV is a very common _____STD, viral infecting 5.5 million people each year in the US, including 4.6 million people aged 15-24. At least ___% 50 of sexually active men and women acquire genital HPV at some point in their lives. One study showed that _____of college women 43% evaluated contracted HPV at some point over a three year period. genital • There are 30 types of HPV that can affect the _______area. Some “low-risk” types cause genital warts, which can be treated and cured. cancer Other “high-risk” types can cause cervical, penile and anal _______. no • There is ____medical cure for HPV. Most mild infections can be destroyed by the body’s immune system over time. If a “high-risk” HPV infection is not cleared by the immune system, it can remain present for many years and turn abnormal cells into cancer over time. • Over 90% of all cervical cancers are caused by _____infection. Every HPV year, about 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and die from the disease in the US. almost 4,000 women ____ HPV continued… • Most women are diagnosed with HPV on the basis of pap abnormal _____tests. Regular Pap tests, performed by a doctor, are important for detecting cervical cancer early, when it can be treated most effectively. No HPV tests are available for men. • HPV can be transmitted to either partner through vaginal, oral sex. anal, or _____ • A new vaccine against HPV is currently available for females and protects against the strains of HPV that are the most common causes of cervical cancer and genital warts. While the vaccine is expected to reduce rates of cervical cancer, it does not provide complete protection. Sexually active females are still at risk. Students should talk with their parents and doctors about this vaccine. Genital Herpes viral • Genital herpes is a common ________STD and infects 1 million people each year in the US including 650,000 people aged 15-24. It is the most widespread STD in the US today, with over _____million people 45 currently infected. • Over ____% 90 of people who tested positive for genital herpes did not know they had it. • There is no cure for genital herpes. Once infected, you have genital herpes for _____. life • Some people with genital herpes have symptoms, but most don’t. Typical symptoms of genital herpes are painful, recurring __________ blisters or sores on or around the genitals or rectum. Most people with a first episode can expect to have 4 to 5 outbreaks within a year. Medications can help with outbreaks. • With or without symptoms, genital herpes can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact between sex partners. _____________ visual inspection if blisters or • Genital herpes can be diagnosed by ________ sores are present. It can be difficult to detect otherwise; blood tests not are helpful, but the results are _____always clear-cut. STD’s- An Epidemic 25 STD’s. • There are more than ____ 15 • Every year more than ____million Americans contract a new STD. More than ___ 65 million people in the US currently have an incurable STD. 4 million teens contract a • Every year approximately ___ 10,959 each day, _____ 457 each hour new STD…that’s ________ 8 and 1 every ___seconds. • Why are teens especially vulnerable to spreading and contracting STD’s? no symptoms, so either partner could – Many STDs have _____ have the STD and not know it. – Sexually active teenagers and young adults are more likely multiple sex partners. than other age groups to have ___________ cervix of adolescent females is more at risk for infection – The ______ from some STDs than the cervix of older females.