How often have you* - University of Alaska Anchorage

Report
Ad-Hoc Committee on
Academic Integrity
2011 Faculty and Student Survey Results
Presented at the UAA Faculty Retreat
August 24th, 2011
Presentation Outline
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Survey Methods
Perceptions of Academically Dishonest Behavior
Academically Dishonest Behavior at UAA
Perceptions of Current UAA Policies and Penalties
Reporting of Academically Dishonest Behavior
Where Students Learn About Academic Integrity Policies at
UAA
• In charts comparing faculty and students:
– Students are represented in Blue
– Faculty are represented in Red
Faculty Survey: Method
• Goal was to survey all UAA faculty teaching
during Fall 2010 via email
– Email listing of all faculty provided by OAA
– 158 faculty responded (66% women; 34% men)
– Response rate approximately 21%
• Interpret with caution
• Results likely don’t represent views of all faculty
UAA Faculty Survey (n=158): Description of Respondents
Academic rank
How long have you been
teaching at the university
level?
Other
6%
Instructor
9%
Assistant
Professor
35%
Professor
19%
20 +
years
27%
15-19
years
15%
Associate
Professor
31%
<5
years
16%
5-9
years
23%
10-14
years
19%
Student Survey: Method
• Goal was to survey a random sample of 400-500
students enrolled in GER classes (at all levels) in
Spring 2011 using paper-and-pencil survey in class
• Sampling strategy:
– From alphabetical lists of all GER classes (stratified by
level), we randomly chose
• Ten 100-level classes
• Ten 200-level classes
• Thirteen 300- or 400-level classes
– We eliminated distance-only courses as we could not use same
methodology
– Contacted each course instructor at end of Fall semester to
request time to complete survey during last 20 minutes of
class during first few weeks of semester
UAA Student Survey (n=416): Sample
GER-Level
Total Surveys
Completed
Total Enrollment Response
in Classes
Rate
100-LEVEL GERs:
-English A111 (2 sections)
-Dance A120
-Spanish A102
N=117
N=124
94%
200-LEVEL GERs:
-Physics A211
-Justice A251
-Math A272
-Environmental Studies 211
N=128
N=145
88%
300 and 400-LEVEL GERs:
-English A305
-Political Science A331
-Management Inform. Systems A376
-Philosophy A314
-Biology A365
-Construction Management A422
-English A434
N=171
N=193
89%
Totals
N=416
N=462
90%
UAA Student Survey (n=416): Description of Respondents
Gender
Age
Class
Standing
• 51%: Women
• 49%: Men
• 28%:
• 53%:
• 12%:
• 8%:
< 20 years
20-25 years
26-30 years
> 30 years
• 21%: First year
• 24%: Sophomore
• 26%: Junior
• 20%: Senior
• 9%: 5th year or higher
Campus
High
School
Work
• 99%: UAA Main campus
• 1%: Kachemak Bay
• <1%: Mat-Su Campus
•
•
•
•
•
79%: In Alaska
18%: In US, Non-Alaska
2%: Outside US
1%: Military
1%: not HS grad
•
•
•
•
37%:
22%:
12%:
29%:
20+ hours/week
10-19 hours/week
1-9 hours/week
not working
Faculty (n=158) and Student (n=416) Disciplines
Student Discipline
Interdisciplinary
Communications & Journalism
Arts
Faculty Discipline
1%
3%
7%
2%
13%
Undecided
Engineering
Nursing & Health Professions
Humanities
Business
Other
13%
3%
4%
14%
5%
14%
10%
11%
12%
16%
Math & Natural Sciences
16%
Social Sciences
16%
18%
22%
Faculty and Student Perceptions of
Academically Dishonest Behavior
Student vs. Faculty Perceptions of
Seriousness of Specific Behaviors
% Responding behavior is ‘Not Cheating’ or ‘Trivial Cheating’
Working w/ others (in person) when instructor asked for indiv. work
17
Working w/ others elect. when instructor asked for indiv. work
16
72
69
13
Receiving unpermitted help on an assignment
52
Paraphrasing or copying a few sent. from written source w/out citing
15
Fabricating or falsifying a bibliography
14
48
41
30
Using false/forged excuse to obtain extension on due date/exam
36
5.5
Copying (by hand or in person) another student's homework
36
6
Copying (electronically) another student's homework
35
Paraphrasing or copying few sent. from elect. source w/out
footnoting
14
33
0
% Faculty
10
20
% Students
30
40
50
60
70
80
Student vs. Faculty Perceptions of
Seriousness of Specific Behaviors
% Responding behavior is ‘Not Cheating’ or ‘Trivial Cheating’
11
Fabricating or falsifying lab data
31
Fabricating or falsifying research data
9
Getting Q/A from someone who has already taken test
9
24
24
4
Using unpermitted handwritten crib notes during a test
15
2.5
Using electronic crib notes during a test
13
Copying another student's computer program
4
Cheating on a test in any other way
2
Using electronic device as unauthorized aid during exam
3
13
12
12
12
10
Turning in paper copied, at least in part, from a student
0
% Faculty
10
20
% Students
30
40
50
60
70
80
Student vs. Faculty Perceptions of
Seriousness of Specific Behaviors
% Responding behavior is ‘Not Cheating’ or ‘Trivial Cheating’
2
Submitting a paper purchased or obtained from Website
10
2
Helping someone else cheat on a test
10
8
9
Turning in work done by someone else
Copying, almost word for word, from any written source
2
Using digital tech to get unpermitted help during an exam
2
9
9
7
9
Copying from another during test with his/her knowledge
Copying during a test without his or her knowledge
2
Turning in paper from paper mill (written by student)
3
8
7
0
% Faculty
10
20
% Students
30
40
50
60
70
80
Student vs. Faculty Perceptions of Cheating,
Reporting of Academic Dishonesty, and Value of
Assessment at UAA
% Responding either ‘Agree’ or ‘Agree Strongly’
The types of assessment used in my courses are effective at
evaluating students understanding of course concepts
94
65
The types of assessment used in my courses are effective at
helping me/my students learn course concepts
96
63
Faculty members are vigilant in discovering and reporting
suspected cases of academic dishonesty
25
45
40
Our student judicial process is fair and impartial
35
Students should be held responsible for monitoring the
academic integrity of other students
47
25
52
Cheating is a serious problem at UAA
15
0
% Faculty
10
20
% Students
30
40
50
60
70
80
How often, if ever, have you seen a student
cheat during a test or exam at UAA?
% of Students
% of Faculty
52
41
33
26
14
13
8
7
3
Never
Just once
A few times
Several times
5
Many times
How frequently do you think plagiarism on
written assignments occurs at UAA?
% of Students
% of Faculty
50
49
34
24
21
13
2
0
Never
4
3
Very Seldom
Seldom
Often
Very Often
How frequently do you think students
inappropriately share work in group
assignments at UAA?
% of Students
% of Faculty
43
36
40
35
14
2
14
11
5
1
Never
Very Seldom
Seldom
Often
Very Often
How frequently do you think students
cheat during tests or exams at UAA?
% of Students
% of Faculty
54
39
36
22
19
14
5
5
6
0
Never
Very Seldom
Seldom
Often
Very Often
Academically Dishonest
Behavior at UAA
Self-Reported Frequency of Academically
Dishonest Student Behaviors
% of Students Responding ‘Once’ and ‘More than Once’
Working w/ others (in person) when instructor asked for
individual work
Paraphrasing or copying a few sentences from electronic
source without footnoting
Paraphrasing or copying a few sentences from written
source without citing
Copying (by hand or in person) another student's
homework
Getting Q/A from someone who has already taken test
15
23
18
18
15
16
12
17
15
Receiving unpermitted help on an assignment
Working w/ others electronically when instructor asked
for individual work
Helping someone else cheat on a test
11
11
13
11
12
10
Cheating on a test in any other way
7
0
7
6
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Self-Reported Frequency of Academically
Dishonest Student Behaviors
% of Students Responding ‘Once’ and ‘More than Once’
Using a false or forged excuse to obtain an extension on a
due date or exam
8
5
Using unpermitted handwritten crib notes during a test
8
5
7
6
Copying from another student during a test with his or her
knowledge
Fabricating or falsifying lab data
9
4
Copying another student's computer program
9
3
6
5
Fabricating or falsifying a bibliography
5
6
Copying (electronically) another student's homework
5
4
Fabricating or falsifying research data
5
3
Copying during a test without his or her knowledge
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Self-Reported Frequency of Academically
Dishonest Student Behaviors
% of Students Responding ‘Once’ and ‘More than Once’
Turning in paper copied, at least in part, from
another student
Copying material, almost word for word, from any
written source
4
3
4
3
Using electronic crib notes during a test
3 2
Using digital technology to get unpermitted help
from someone during an exam
3 2
Turning in work done by someone else
3 1
Using electronic/digital device as unauthorized aid
2 2
during exam
Submitting a paper purchased/obtained from a
1
Website
Turning in paper from paper mill (written by
1
another student)
0
10
20
30
40
Cheating in Online Courses
Looked up information on
the Internet when not
permitted
% of Faculty who have
taught online course who
have observed this type of
cheating
Received unauthorized
help from someone on
online exam
Used notes or books on a
closed-book online exam
% of Students who have
taken online course who
admit to this type of
cheating
Collaborated on an online
exam when not permitted
0
5
10
15
20
Faculty and Student Perceptions of
Current UAA Policies and Penalties
How would you rate the severity of
penalties for cheating at UAA?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
How would you rate the average student’s
understanding of University policies concerning
cheating?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
How would you rate the faculty’s
understanding of these policies?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
How would you rate student support
of these policies?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
How would you rate faculty support of
these policies?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
How would you rate the effectiveness
of these policies?
Very strong
Strong
Neither weak nor strong
% of Students
% of Faculty
Weak
Very Weak
0
10
20
30
40
50
Faculty and Student Reporting of
Academically Dishonest Behavior
If you were convinced, even after discussion with the student, that a student
had cheated on a major test or assignment in your course, what would be
your most likely reaction? (check all that apply)
Fail the student on the test or assignment
63
Report student to Dean of Students
46
Report student to Chair, Director, Dean
41
Reprimand or warn the student
36
Require student to retake test/redo assign
26
Fail the student for the course
17
Lower student's grade
12
Other
8
Do nothing about the incident
1
0
10
% of Faculty
20
30
40
50
60
70
Why Faculty Ignore Cheating
Have you ever ignored a
suspected incident of
cheating in one of your
courses for any reason?
No
7%
Yes
93%
If yes, which of the following
factors influenced your decision?
Lacked evidence/proof
34
Didn't want to deal w/it
8
Student will suffer
8
Lack of admin support
8
Other
7
Cheating was trivial
7
Not enough time
6
Faculty Referral of Cheating for
Investigation
Have you ever referred a
case of suspected cheating Very unsatisfied
to your Chair, a Dean, or
Unsatisfied
anyone else?
Neutral
Yes
52%
Satisfied
Very satisfied
No
48%
9
11
22
31
28
If yes, how satisfied were you with the way
the case was handled?
What safeguards do faculty employ to
reduce cheating in their courses?
% of Faculty Using this Safeguard
Info in syllabus/assignments
76
Change exams regularly
69
Discuss my views on academic integrity
67
Closely monitor exams
60
Remind students of UAA policies
56
Hand out different versions of exams
39
Use internet or software (turnitin.com)
27
Other
None
23
4
Student observation and reporting of
academic dishonesty at UAA
% who have seen a student
cheat during a test
% of Students
Very Often
Yes
3%
4
Often
21
Seldom
49
Very Seldom
Never
% who have reported
another student for
academic dishonesty
24
2
No
97%
Percent of students stating how likely
it is that:
A student would report a close friend
81
The typical student would report an
incident of cheating
25
They would report an incident of
cheating
% Very Unlikely
58
36
0
% Unlikely
15 31
15 3
41
20
40
% Likely
60
19
80
% Very Likely
5
100
If you had committed an act of academic dishonesty in
a course, and the following individuals knew about it,
how strongly would they react?
Your parents
6 6
A student you go around with
15
A close friend
64
36
23
0
% Not at all
24
31
30
20
% Not Very Strongly
40
18
25
60
% Fairly Strongly
23
80
% Very Strongly
100
Where Students Learn About
Academic Integrity Policies at UAA
Student knowledge about academic
integrity policies at UAA
% who have been informed
about academic integrity
policies at UAA
No
9%
Yes
91%
How much have you learned about
these policies from:
Faculty
Student handbook
Counselor or advisor
UAA website
1st year orientation
Deans or administrators
Other students
Other
Teaching assistants
0%
Little or nothing
20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
Some
A lot
UAA Faculty Survey on Academic Integrity
When do you discuss with
students your policies
concerning:
plagiarism
70% 67%
When do you discuss with
students your policies
concerning:
group work/collaboration
54%
33%
42%
4%
9%
3%
6%
38%
4%
9%
UAA Faculty Survey on Academic Integrity
When do you discuss with
students your policies
concerning:
proper citation or referencing of
sources
63%
When do you discuss with
students your policies
concerning:
proper citation or referencing of
Internet sources
64%
47%
42%
36%
6%
30%
14% 11%
7%
15% 11%

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