Woo hoo! Labor takes most parents by surprise Once begun, labor and delivery are completed within hours. Following childbirth, there is a period of readjustment for the mother. The baby adjusts to life outside the mother’s body A series of contractions in the uterine muscles move the baby out of the mothers body Contractions happen in intervals Last from 30 seconds to 1 minute Rest lasts from 15 minutes down to about 2 minutes Lightening: a change in the baby’s position Stage One: Dilation of the Cervix Contractions 15-20 minutes apart Uterus narrows Full dilation = 10 cm. When the cervix is completely open, the first stage of labor ends Average time for the first pregnancy is 8 hours Stage Two: Delivery of the Baby Baby's head enters the birth canal A small incision may be made to widen the birth canal Baby faces downward as head emerges Once the head, shoulders, abdomen and legs are out the remaining amniotic sac is expelled Second stage ends when the baby is free from the mothers body Lasts anywhere from 30-90 minutes typically Stage three: Delivery of the Placenta 20 minutes after birth, contractions allow the placenta to completely detach The placenta and fetal membrane detach and expelled during the afterbirth Mother is physically tired, emotionally relieved and overjoyed Mother and baby can expect to remain 24-48 hours Mothers body must recover, the baby is monitored for health problems and adjustment to life Bonding: developing a feeling of affection, is important for parents and their baby The care the mother receives during the six to eight weeks following birth First hour after birth = critical time for restoring body stability Rest is important Women encouraged to get out of bed within 24 hours of delivery Mood disorders are common PPD PPP Baby Blues Analyze the emotions shown from the mother to be and from the father to be. Compare and contrast the emotions felt by the father and by the mother before labor, during labor and after labor. What could be the possible causes of these emotions? Explain the process of this woman’s labor experience. Were there any complications? What was the procedure before, during and after birth?