Prosopis, Parthenuim and Beyond

Report
Prosopis, Parthenium and beyond Elements for an integrated strategy of IAS control
in the Afar region
Wondimagegne Chekol and Irmfried Neumann
Paper presented at the
Regional Conference on Managing Prosopis Juliflora for better
(agro-)pastoral Livelihoods in the Horn of Africa.
May 1 - May 2, 2014, Addis Ababa
1
Prosopis came not alone
• More than 35 IAS in Ethiopia
• Prosopis control to be part of an integrated
IAS-strategy
• IAS-control: a method integrated into modern
sustainable landuse et resource conservation
2
Important invasive species in Afar region
Parthenium
hysterophorus
Acacia nubica
3
Distribution of P. hysterophorus
Map by Dr. Kassahun Zewdie, EIAR: PP-Presentation Biological Control
of Parthenium hysterophorus in Ethiopia: An overview
4
Parthenium hysterophorus damages
Dry-season aspect. Photos: Nov. 2013, close to Chiffra
Overgrown irrigation plot
By the roadside
5
Control measures of P. hysterophorus
– On farmland (irrigated)
– Irrigation canals
– On rangeland
– Road sides
– Settlement areas
6
Implementation of control measures
In Afar only marginal activities of
Parthenium control:
–Some on irrigated land
–Very little on range land
7
Acacia nubica invading rangeland
dry-season aspect. Photo: Nov. 2013, close to Chiffra
8
Common frame of control for all IAS
• Benefits: synergies in on the level of
• Observation of spreading,
• information/capacity development,
• policy dev., institutional strengthening, etc.
• Resulting in stronger institutional setting,
faster response, less cost, etc.
9
Elements of an integrated strategy
• Integration Levels:
 Policy definition
 Institutional mandates
 Socio-cultural compatibility of measures
 Cooperation of actors
 Landscape ecology
 Economic (Profitability of land-use)
 Research and Technology Development
 Information & Capacity Development
10
Focus: communities / land-users
• Challenge: continuity of control measures
• How to put land-users in the driver seat
• Socio-cultural compatibility of measures
including gender
• How to create stimulus for land-users to invest
in profitable land-use.
11
Focus: Total area coverage
• Ambition to cover the total area of the Afar
National Regional State
• But with site- and context specific measures
• Adapting measures to communites, to landuse, to natural conditions, etc. ?
12
Focus: Integrating IAS control
• IAS be integrated into a larger package for
the strengthening Livelihoods:
– Land use planning
– Modernising agriculture and range land-use
– Accompany ongoing transformation of livelihood
strategies
13
Focus: Institutional development
• How to create a fitting
institutional set-up between
national – regional and local
level?
• Clear institutional mandates for
all levels
14
What to build on?
Sound base to build an integrated strategy
on:
o Existing research (Removing barriers to invasive
plant management in ET,
o Experiences gained in programmes
o Existing vocational programmes
o Policy paper of Afar
o Willingness of partners
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