Mean seed yield* (kg/ha)

Report
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF
COWPEA AND MUNGBEAN
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION
FATEHPUR-SHEKHAWATI, SIKAR 332 301
Agriculture scenario in zone IIa
Total geographical area
36.9 lac ha
Cultivated area
29.4 lac ha
Net area sown
26.7lac ha
Net irrigated area
7.8lac ha
Area & productivity of important
Crop
Area (lac ha)
Productivity (Kg/ha)
crops
Bajra
12.21
548
Moth
3.01
193
Moong
2.77
353
Cowpea
0.77
445
Guar
4.12
243
Wheat
2.28
3088
Mustard
2.98
1433
Gram
3.57
725
Barley
0.45
2867
Cowpea (Vigna anguiculata)
Suitable varieties
Varieties
Mean grain
yield (kg/ha)
Days to
maturity
RC-101
581
70
RCp-27
652
72
RC-19
554
67
Crop production
Sulphur fertilization
Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is
recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea.
Treatment
Mean grain yield
(kg/ha)*
Mean fodder
Additional
yield (kg/ha)* return (Rs/ha)
(kg/ha)
0
353
1192
-
40
461
1410
1042
*For organic cultivation of cowpea, use of 3.75t/ha
FYM every year was found suitable
Weed Management
For weed management in cowpea, two hand weeding 20 and 30 days after
sowing or pre-plant in corporation of Fluchloralin @ 0.75kg/ha followed
by one hand weeding at 30 DAS is found effective.
Treatment
Mean grain yield *
Straw yield
(kg/ha)
(kg/ha)
Weedy check
435
949
Two hand weedings at 20 & 30
716
1255
733
1242
DAS
Fluchloralin (Pre-pl) @ 0.75kg/ha
+ one hand weeding 30 DAS
Protection Technologies
,
Management of jassid pod borer and whitefly
On appearance of insects in cowpea, dusting of Methyl
parathion 2% dust at 25kg/ha is economical.
Treatment
Jassid
population
reduction (% )
White flies
Mean seed
reduction (% )
yield*
(kg/ha)
Net
return
(Rs/ha)
Control
8.39
5.98
717
-
Methyl
parathion 2%
(25 kg/ha)
82.8
80.64
1355
1870
2. In cowpea use either Azadirachtin 1500ml/ha alone or a
combination of Azadirachtin (750ml/ha) and half dose of
Monocrotophos (500ml/ha) for control against jassids and
pod borer.
Treatment
Control
Azadirachtin1500ml
/ha
Azadirachtin
(750ml/ha) + half
dose
of
Monocrotophos
(500ml/ha)
Jassid
Pod borer
population
infestation
Reduction (% )
(%)
Mean
seed
yield*
(kg/ha)
Net
return
(Rs/ha)
0
64.79
13.32
6.95
588
751
1505
65.30
7.07
742
1390
Management of stem blight
For control stem blight (Macrophomina phaseolina) in
cowpea, seed treatment with Bavistin 50 WP + Thiram
(1+2g/kg) or Topsin-M (2g/kg) is recommended.
Treatment
PDI Mean
Mean grain
B:C
yield *
ratio
(kg/ha)
Topsin-M (2g/kg seed)
16.86
914
29.0
Bavistin+Thiram
17.95
922
39.0
seed)
(1+2g/kg
AES wise performance of cowpea varieties
AES
Suitable varieties
I
RC-101, RCP-27, RC-19,
II
RC-101, RC-19, RCP-27
III
RCP-27, RC-101, RC-19
IV
RC-101, RC-19, RCP-27
District wise performance of cowpea verities
District
Suitable varieties
Sikar
RCP-27, RC-101, RC-19
Jhunjhunu RC-101, RCP-27, RC-19,
Mungbean (Phaseolus radiatus)
Suitable varieties
Varieties
Mean seed yield
(kg/ha)*
Days to
maturity
RMG-268
RMG-62
MUM-2
759
691
379
64
66
67
SML-668 included in POP
RMG-492 included in POP
Crop production
Sulphur fertilization
Application of 40 kg sulphur /ha through gypsum is
recommended for obtaining higher grain yield of cowpea.
Weed management
Treatment
Mean grain yield
Straw yield (kg/ha)
(kg/ha)
Gross
returns
(Rs/ha)
Weedy check
409
1430
3408
Weed free (2 times)
988
1985
7483
Fluchloraline at 0.5
888
2195
6922
kg/ha ( ppi)
Moongbean crop should be kept weed free either by two hand weeding at
20 and 30 days after sowing or by applying Fluchloraline at 0.5 kg/ha as
pre planting soil incorporation for obtaining higher yield.
Protection Technologies
Management of jassid, whitefly and pod borer
For the control of jassid, whitefly and pod borers in mungbean,
spray of azadirachtin 750 ml mixed with monocrotophos 36 WSC at
500 ml / ha should be done at the time of pest appearance and
repeated once at 20 days interval as and when pest reappear.
Treatment
Mean grain yield
Net return
B:C
(kg/ha)
(Rs/ha)
ratio
Azadirachtin alone (1500ml/ha)
586
2856
4.96
Azadirachtin + Monocrotophos
606
3046
4.41
381
-
-
(750+500 ml/ha)
Control
2. Spraying of either Dimethoate 30 EC or Quinolphos 25 EC or Methyl
demeton 25 EC @ lL/ha is found effective and economic for management
of foliage insect-pests (White flies and Jassids) and pod borer of
moongbean.
Treatment
Percent
pod
infestation
Mean grain
yield *
(kg/ha)
Net
return
(Rs/ha)
Quinalphos 25 EC
lL/ha
Dimethoate 30 EC
lL/ha
Methyl demeton
25 EC lL/ha
4.24
715
1271
3.07
615
610
4.53
683
1167
Control
10.15
440
-
3. Moong crop can be protected by insect-pests by dusting
the crop at the time of infestation either with Methyl parathion
2% or Quinalphos 1.5% or Malathion 5% dust at 25kg/ha.
Treatment
Mean percent
Mean grain
Net
pod
yield* (kg/ha)
return
infestation
(Rs/ha)
3.87
874
1780
4.60
830
1424
Malathion 5% dust 25kg/ha
3.80
922
1792
Control
10.47
553
-
Methyl parathion 2% dust
25kg/ha
Quinalphos 1.5% dust
25kg/ha
Management of stem blight
4. Seed treatment with Topsin-M (2g/kg) followed by two
spray of Mancozeb (2kg/ha) at 30 and 40 DAS was found
effective to control of stem blight (Macrophomina phaseolina)
in moongbean.
Treatment
Disease
Mean
B:C
incidence
grain
ration
yield
Topsin-M (ST) + Mancozeb
14.60
946
2.6
22.36
704
-
(two spray)
Control
AES-wise performance of Mungbean varieties
AES
Suitable Varieties
I
SML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268
II
RMG-492, RMG-268, SML-668, K-851, MUM-2
III
SML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268
IV
RMG-492, SML-668, RMG-268, K-851, MUM-2
District wise performance of mungbean varieties
District
Sikar
Suitable Varieties
RMG-492, SML-668, RMG-268, K-851, MUM-2
Jhunjhunu SML-668, RMG-492, MUM-2, K-851, RMG-268
AES wise Micronutrient management (Sulphur though
gypsum) management in Mungbean
District wise micronutrient (Sulphur though gypsum) management in Mungbean
AES
I
Recommendation
60 Kg Sulphur/ha
II
III
IV
40 Kg Sulphur/ha
60 Kg Sulphur/ha
40 Kg Sulphur/ha
District wise micronutrient (Sulphur though
gypsum) management in Mungbean
District
Recommendation
Sikar
40-60kg Sulphur/ha
Jhunjhunu 40kg Sulphur/ha
Nagaur
60kg Sulphur/ha
Clusterbean (Cymposis tetragonoloba
Suitable varieties
Varieties
RGC-1002
RGC-1003
RGC-1017
RGC-936
RGC-197
Mean seed
yield( kg/ha)*
Days to
maturity
1092
1137
1215
889
1118
95-101
94-100
94-100
90-92
90-95
Sulphur fertilization
Application of sulphur 30kg/ha through gypsum at the time of
sowing is recommended for obtaining higher yield of clusterbean.
Treatment
Mean seed yield (kg/ha)*
Control
1157
30kg S/ha through gypsum
1439
Weed management
Pre-plant application of fluchloralin @ 0.75kg/ha super imposed with
one hand weeding at 30 days after sowing is recommended for
effective weed control in clusterbean.
Treatment
Mean
grain
(kg/ha)*
Weedy check
735
1111
Fluchloralin (0.75kg/ha
as ppi)
1114
Fluchloralin (0.75kg/ha
as ppi) + one hand
weeding at 30 DAS
yield Mean
(kg/ha)
straw
2788
3070
3111
yield
Agro-chemical
Seed soaking of clusterbean, in mixed solution of 500 ppm
thiourea + 100 ppm of DMSO for 4 hours and drying in
shade for 2-3 hours before sowing is beneficial to increase
the grain yield.
Treatment
Seed soaking
No seed soaking
Seed soaking in 500 ppm
thiourea
Seed soaking in 500 ppm
thiourea + 100 ppm
DMSO
Mean grain yield *
Additional
(kg/ha)
return (Rs/ha)
598
681
957
701
1189
2. Two sprays of 500 ppm thiourea or mixed solution of 500
ppm thiourea + 100 ppm DMSO at vegetative stage and
flowering stage is beneficial to increase the grain yield.
Treatment
Mean grain yield *
(kg/ha)
Additional
return
(Rs/ha)
Two sprays of water
580
-
Two sprays of 500 ppm
thiourea
674
641
Two sprays of 500 ppm
thiourea + 100 ppm
DMSO
708
968
Foliar sprays
Protection Technologies
Management of Jassid & Whitefly
In kharif season clusterbean is being infested by sucking pest like
jassid, aphid and white fly. Spray of azadirachtin 1000 ml mixed with
monocrotophos 36 WSC at 500 ml / ha should be done at the time of
pest appearance and repeat once at 20 days interval as and when
pest reappear.
Treatment
Azadirachtin alone ( 1500 ml/ha)
Azadirachtin+Monocrotophos ( 1000 +500
)
Control
Percent Population reduction (Mean)*
Jassid
Whitefly
Aphid
70.28
67.19
75.03
(57.06)
(55.17)
(60.22)
75.68
72.80
80.36
(60.59)
(58.66)
(64.04)
8.55
10.57
6.47
(16.91)
(17.74)
(14.52)
Figures in parentheses are angular transformed values
Treatment
Azadirachtin alone (
Mean grain
yield*
(kg/ha)
Net
additional
return
(Rs/ha)
678
1916
833
3566
450
-
1500ml/ha)
Azadirachtin+Monocrotoph
os (1000 + 500 ml/ha)
Control
2. For control of white fly (Bemisia tabaci), jassids (Ampoasca
spp.) and aphids (Aphis craccivora) in clusterbean, spray with
either Methyl demeton 25 EC or Dimethoate 30 EC or
Monocrotophos 40 EC @ lL/ha was found effective and economic
for management of foliage insect-pests (White flies, Aphids and
Jassids) of guar.
Treatment
Monocrotophos
40 EC @ 1litre/ha
Methyl demeton
25 EC @ 1litre/ha
Dimethoate 30 EC
@ 1litre/ha
Control
%
reduction
whitefly
%
reduction
jassid
%
reduction
aphid
Mean
Net
grain yield return
*
(Rs/ha
(kg/ha)
)
83.73
8391
84.71
11.88
921
82.34
8321
83.64
11.70
1015
81.13
8150
49.06
1130
954
9.21
9.44
9.20
777
-
Management of root rot
Seed treatment with Bavistin + Thiram (1+2g/kg) or Trichoderma
harzianium @ 5g/kg seed is effective to control to root rot in
clusterbean.
Treatment
Dose
Root rot
Mean grain
incidence yield*
Bavistin +Thiram 1+2g
Additional
net return
%
(kg/ha)
(Rs/ha)
3.35
630
1665
540
785
461
-
(10.50)
T. harzianum
5g/kg
6.32
(14.61)
Control
-
15.50
(23.20)
AES-wise performance of Clusterbean varieties
AES
Suitable Varieties
I RGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC- 1002. RGC936,
III RGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC936,
V RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC- 1002.
RGC-936,
VI RGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC1002
AES-wise performance of Clusterbean varieties
AES
Suitable Varieties
I
RGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC- 1002. RGC-936,
II
RGC-1003, RGC-1002, RGC-197, RGC-1017, RGC-936,
III
RGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC-936,
IV
RGC-1003, RGC-1002, RGC-197, RGC-1017, RGC-936,
V
RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC- 1002. RGC-936,
VI
RGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC-1002
District wise performance of Clusterbean varieties
District
Sikar
Suitable Varieties
RGC-1003, RGC-197, RGC-1002, RGC-1017, RGC-936,
Jhunjhunu RGC-197, RGC-1003,RGC-1017, RGC- 1002. RGC-936,
Nagaur
RGC-936, RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC-1002
Churu
RGC-197, RGC-1003, RGC-1017, RGC- 1002. RGC-936,
AES wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO4) in Clusterbean
AES
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
Recommendation
20 kg ZnSO4/ha+foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
20 kg ZnSO4/ha
20 kg ZnSO4/ha
20 kg ZnSO4/ha
20 kg ZnSO4/ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
20 kg ZnSO4/ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
District wise Micronutrient management (ZnSO4) in Clusterbean
District
Recommendation
Sikar
20 kg ZnSO4/ha
Jhunjhunu 20 kg ZnSO4/ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
Nagaur
20 kg ZnSO4/ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
Churu
20 kg ZnSO4/ha + foliar spray of 0.5%ZnSo4
Thanking you

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