H1N1 Virus - Hopkinton School District

Report
H1N1 Virus
Grace Givens and Callie Chase
What is it?
• Subtype of the Influenza Virus
• Respiratory virus that constantly changes
• Mix of swine, human, and avian influenza
2009 H1N1 Pandemic
• Outbreak of flu occurred in southern America
along the border line of Mexico and in Europe
• H1N1 was declared a national emergency by
President Obama
• First global pandemic since Hong Kong’s flu in
1968
• Over 20,000 deaths
Cell Structure
• RNA gene containing 8 RNAs
• Roughly spherical, enveloped in a membrane that is
taken from the host cell that it multiplies from
• Beneath the membrane is matrix protein that
provides support to the outer membrane
• The interior contains the 8 RNAs, which are the
genetic material of the virus
• Has “spikes” attached to the membrane that it uses
to latch onto the host cell, break open its wall, and
inject its RNA into it
Cell Structure (Continued)
Symptoms
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Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
Pain or pressure in chest or abdomen
Sudden dizziness
Confusion
Severe or persistent vomiting
Flu-like symptoms improve then return with severe fever
Children develop a blue skin color
How It Spreads
• Spreads as a traditional flu would spread
• Through coughing, sneezing, touching
• Mainly caused by touching surfaces that infected
people have
• Immunity is hard to build up because of the
constant mutation
Citations
• http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/images/3D_Influenza
_purple_key_pieslice_lrg.jpg
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_s
ubtype_H1N1
• http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_W8zUkYdcarE/TBa3Qw
mGZ6I/AAAAAAAAAb4/wmcKkq8ln8/s400/WHO+Map+06.06.10.png
• http://www.virology.ws/2009/04/30/structure-ofinfluenza-virus/
• http://www.virology.ws/wpcontent/uploads/2009/04/influenza-virion3.jpg

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