Human Rights - Liceo Scientifico Galileo Galilei Pescara

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In Asia
In 1991 the Government of Singapore public note on
Shared Values​​ and in 1993 four countries: Singapore,
Malaysia, Taiwan and China signed the Bangkok
Declaration by starting a debate that continued on
Human Rights concern in Vienna (1993).
These documents criticize the individualistic cutting
on human rights, the low weight that Eastern cultures
have in the Universal Declaration and the priority that
they have rights beyond duties.
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The generations of human rights
There are four generations of human rights:
•
THE
FIRST
GENERATION:
includes
civil
and
political
rights
The first generation of human rights dates back to 1789, with the approval of
the
Declaration
of
the
Rights
of
Man
and
Citizen.
They are rights that arise from the claim of a series of fundamental freedoms
that were not possible in large sections of the population, in particular the right
to life and physical integrity, and then all the rights related to the freedom of
thought, religion, expression, association, the right to political participation, to
vote.
These rights recognize a series of freedoms, related in particular to aspects of
political participation.
•
THE SECOND GENERATION: includes economic, social and cultural rights.
This second generation, originated from the Universal Declaration of 1948 and
includes economic, social and cultural rights (such as the right to education,
employment,
housing,
health,
etc..).
The effective exercise of these rights should contribute to the improvement of
the living conditions of citizens. In this sense we speak of rights to social
matrix, contrasting them with those of liberal matrix of the first generation.
In fact, the first-generation rights are very important, but it is also true that it
is necessary to ensure first of all minimum conditions of survival equal for all
the people involved, whether as a common base for the effective exercise of
fundamental
freedoms.
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• THE THIRD GENERATION: includes the rights of solidarity.
These rights are collective : it means that the recipients are not individuals
but nations. So here we are talking about the right to self-determination of
peoples, peace, development, ecological balance, the control of national
resources,
environment
protection.
They are also community rights: this means that every nation has a
responsibility towards other peoples, especially towards those who find
themselves in difficult situations. An example is the problem of
development: many countries are poor either because they are not able to
provide food for all the inhabitants or because they suffer from diseases
they are not able to cure for lack of money.
• THE
FOURTH
GENERATION:
includes
new
rights.
Finally, there is a fourth generation rights, which however has not been
processed yet, on being a very recent phenomenon: the rights belonging to
the fourth generation are related to the field of genetic engineering,
bioethics and to the new technologies of communication.
The emergence of these new rights is a consequence of the discovery of
new technologies: in this sense new rights arise from the threat caused by
the new technologies. Let’s consider the damage they genetically modified
foods can cause to health, or the dangers that especially children can incur
through the use of the internet. Being assumed as a new category will still
take some time because these rights are precisely formulated and
introduced in official documents.
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GREEN said:
"I’m obviously the greatest. I’m the symbol of life and hope. I’ve been chosen by the
grass, by trees, by plants; all animals would die without me. Look around you, you’ll find
me in the countryside. You’ll realize that I am nearly everywhere”.
BLUE interrupted it:
"You think only about the earth, but don’t you consider the sky and the sea? Water is
the source of life, it comes down from clouds into the sea depths. The sky enlarges
space, it gives peace and serenity; you would be nothing without me…”
YELLOW then said:
"You’re all so serious! I bring smile, joy and warmth to the world. The sun is yellow, the
moon is yellow, the stars are yellow. When sunflowers blossom, the whole world looks
smiling. There wouldn’t be joy without me…”
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ORANGE made a step forward:
" I’m the colour of health and strength. I can be rare, but precious, because I
am necessary to human life. I bring the main vitamins with me. Think about
carrots, pumpkins, oranges, mango and papaya. I am everywhere, but when I
fill the sky, at sunrise or at sunset, my beauty is so impressive that nobody
thinks about one of you anymore…”
RED which was not far from them shouted at them:
"I’m the king of you all. I’m the colour of blood and blood is life, moreover it’s
the colour of risk and courage. I’m ready to fight for any cause as I have fire in
my belly, the earth would be as desert as the moon without me. I’m the colour
of passion, love, the red rose and the poppy…”
PURPLE stood up in all its height: it was very tall and spoke with great pomp
and ceremony:
"I’m the colour of rulers and I mean power. Kings, statesmen and high clergy
have always chosen me since I’m the symbol of authority and knowledge.
People do not make me questions…they obey after listening to me!...”
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In the end INDIGO spoke very calmly, but firmly, to the others:
"You hardly notice me, but you become all superficial without me. I’m the symbol of
thought and meditation, of twilight and deep waters…All of you need me to balance and
contrast, to pray and sing hymns to peace…” .
But all colours continued arguing, each of them considering itself superior to the
others. They quarreled more and more aggressively without listening to each other’s
reasons.
Suddenly a lightning pierced the sky followed by a very strong noise. The thunder and
rain which followed frightened all colours so much that they drew all together near to
one another to confront each other…
In the middle of the row RAIN began speaking:
"You, foolish colours, who fight to win over the others… Don’t you know that each of you
was made with a precise unique and different purpose? Hold on your hands and come
with me”. After making peace, all colours held on their hands. RAIN went on saying:
“From now onwards, when it rains, each of you will stretch out across the sky in a big
bow to remind you that you must all live in peace”.
The RAINBOW is the symbol of hope and peace for the future… So, when a good rain
washes the world and a rainbow appears in the sky, let’s remember to appreciate one
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another!
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Where are we going…?
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Austerity…and desertification of future hopes
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Association
Assistence
Barrier
Bond
Citizenship
Capacity
Declaration
Denunciation
Dignity
Discrimination
Dream
Duty
Associazione
Assistenza
Barriera
Vincolo
Cittadinanza
Capacità
Dichiarazione
Denuncia
Dignità
Discriminazione
Sogno
Dovere
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Economy
Education
Equality
Freeedom
Friendship
Fundamental
Government
Happiness
Honesty
Hope
Inalienable
Economia
Educazione
Uguaglianza
Libertà
Amicizia
Fondamentale
Governo
Felicità
Onestà
Speranza
Inalienabile
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Indivisible
Injustice
Interdependent
International
Justice
Language
Liberty
Movement
Nationality
Observation
Opinion
Indivisibile
Ingiustizia
Interdipendente
Internazionale
Giustizia
Lingua
Libertà
Movimento
Nazionalità
Osservazione
Opinione
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People
Peace
Politics
Possibility
Poverty
Press
Protest
Race
Religion
Reality
Rest
Persone
Pace
Politica
Possibilità
Povertà
Stampa
Protesta
Razza
Religione
Realtà
Riposo
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Rule
Security
Sex
Social class
Stalking
Universality
Violence
Xenophobia
Zone
Regola
Sicurezza
Sesso
Classe sociale
Insidiare
Universalità
Violenza
Xenofobia
Zona
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Liceo Scientifico Statale
«G.Galilei» - Pescara
A.S. 2012/2013
created by:
MARIAPINA LAURIOLA
Class: I A
English teacher: prof.ssa Roberta Miscia
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