Liberia -CHAP Robert presentation 1-28

Report
Community of Hope
Agriculture Project(CHAP)
Scaling up the System of Rice Intensification (SRI )
in Liberia
• Presentation to Food Security
Cluster (FSC) Jan. 28,2015 @
MOA Conference Room
“Fighting
Hunger
ForFor
Sustainable
Peace”
“Fighting
Hunger
Sustainable
Peace”
BRIEF HISTORY
CHAP is a national NGO specialized in focused on in urban and
rural communities since 2008 . 4 main component:
1. Agriculture/ Livelihoods
2. Health and Hygiene Promotion
3. Enhancing Capacity Building
4. Advocacy
CHAP is specialized in rice and crop production and served as
the focal organization for the System of Rice Intensification(SRI)
in Liberia and is implementing a pilot project in Grand Gedeh
and River Gee under MOA with funding from WAAPP Liberia.
Currently we now have SRI programs active in Nimba,
Montserrado, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Gedeh, River Gee and
will be extending to Bassa, Grand Kru, Maryland, Gbarpolu and
Cape Mount next month
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Objective of Our Intervention
Objectives:
• Introduce SRI to rice farmers across Liberia (they will
get to know SRI practices, methodology and principles)
• Increase yield, change their planting methods, and
adapt SRI as way of cultivating rice for higher yield and
increase their income per season
• Train farmers and technicians on SRI practices, benefits
etc.
• Conduct trials, collect data on SRI yields and benefits,
and monitor SRI activities across the country
• Introduce SRI as climate-change-smart solution for rice
and crop production
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI in Liberia
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Held 1 SRI Champion TOT workshop
Held 5 trainings with farmers across the county
Developed Liberia SRI directory awaiting
publication (300 persons and organizations)
50 farmer trials awaiting harvest this dry season
in River Gee and Grand Gedeh, Nimba, and
Montserrado. CHAP served as reference for the
region in terms of scaling up
Held two farmer-exchange visits in country
(Oxfam GB farmers and CHAP SRI farmers)
Organization/institutions that trying SRI : CARI,
BRAC, FUN, Ajayfarm, Arise&Shine, ASRP/IFAD,
WAS, Community College in Grand Gedeh
Participated 4 international trainings in Vietnam
,Japan, Togo and Benin in the last 7 months
Radio program on UNMIL radio, ELBC, MOA ,
SRI/Westafrica, Smile FM
Most farmers now planting rice this dry season
Increase in yield at farmers’ fields and main site
Over 100 requests in the last 2 years from CBOs,
Cooperatives, NGOs, private sector
7 main presentations o SRI to WAAPP/ World
Bank, Grand Gedeh County Authority, CDA,
LRRRC, ACC, PMU Project Officers, WHH/GAA
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
What is SRI
• The System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
is an agro-ecological and climate-smart
methodology
– For increasing the productivity of rice and
other crops
– By changing the management of plants,
soil, water and nutrients, while reducing
external inputs
• SRI provides principles, guidelines and ideas –
to be adapted to local environment
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Main principles of SRI method
1.
Healthy early crop establishment
–
Seed selection & treatment, raised bed nursery, transplanting at young age 8-15days
old
30-60DAYS
1.
Reduced competition between plants
–
–
2.
Increased spacing to 25cmx25cm
1 plant / hill
Healthy soils, rich in organic matter
–
3.
8 DAYS
Add manure, compost, green manure, crop residues
Aerobic soil management
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Reduced water applications (alternate wetting and drying irrigation management)
Mechanical weeder use
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Physiological and morphological
changes of SRI plants
•
1. Tillers are thicker (+38%)
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2. Greater canopy angle
3. Plants are higher (+24%)
4. More tillers/hill (+100%)
5. Similar/more # tillers/m2;
•
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Roots are deeper, longer, double the volume, and
greater weight/ hill
ERADICATE EBOLA”
Non SRI - flooded
conditions
SRI – AWD
Thiyagarajan et al. (2009) Principles and Practices of SRI in Tamil Nadu
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI Opportunities for Liberia
ERADICATE EBOLA”
First SRI plot in Liberia, Dec 2012
by Community of Hope Agriculture
Project (CHAP) Paynesville, Monrovia
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Press coverage of SRI TOT
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI practices
ERADICATE EBOLA”
1. Single plant /hill
2. Transplant young
seedlings (@ 2-leaf stage)
3. Adopt wide spacing planted in a grid pattern
4. Minimum water
application during
vegetative growth
5. Use mechanical and
manual weeder
6. Use organic amendments
as base fertilization
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI OPPORTUNITIES FOR LIBERIA
ERADICATE EBOLA”
• SRI methodology can improve rice productivity
for any variety (traditional and improved) and
with locally available resources
• SRI is farmer-driven and knowledge-based
approach
– SRI was introduced to Liberia through CHAP
– SRI can be directly applied with farmers
– Immediate learning with and from farmers creates
fast and relevant results!
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI Opportunities for Liberia
High quality seed
production by farmers
• 1 plant/hill eliminates danger of
mixing varieties (length 1.4m/4’7”
• Purification of seeds /reconstruction
of varieties
Cambodia
Non SRI
ERADICATE EBOLA”
• Best plants selected by farmers for
seeds
• Only 7 kg/ha of seeds required for 1
ha
• Multiplication factor for seed
production:
SRI x 1000 (6 kg seeds – 6 t/ha yield)
Example: 1 kg seed, in Year 3: 167,000 ha
Traditional x 100 (30 kg/ha seeds - 3 t/ha
yield), Example: 1 kg seed, in Year 3: 333 ha Cambodia
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI G.Gedeh
SRI Opportunities for Liberia
Reduced water application to rice –
Creating aerobic soil conditions
ERADICATE EBOLA”
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI Opportunities for South Eastern Liberia
Improved soil and water management
ERADICATE EBOLA”
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Summary of SRI Benefits
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ERADICATE EBOLA”
Yield Increase: often >50%
Water savings: 30-50%
Seed reduction: > 90%
Chemical fertilizer reduction:
20-40% (up to 100% =
organic SRI)
• Improved tolerance towards
pests and diseases
• Not variety-specific
– Pesticide reduction
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Summary of Benefits
ERADICATE EBOLA”
• Shorter crop cycle (1-2
weeks)
• Improved drought
tolerance
• Improve resistance to
strong winds
• Costs/ha (reduction by
30%)
• Income increase/ha:
+30-100%
• Promote group farming
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI Tools
ERADICATE EBOLA”
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Marker
Nursery tray
Cutlass
Canoe weeder
Garden weeder
Rope
Shovel
Dega meter
Stick
Hand
Power tiller
t
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
CHAP SRI Farmers Field School
training using video & powerpoint
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI 1 plant of rice in Grand Gedeh
ERADICATE EBOLA”
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI is climate-smart for rice
production
The System of Rice Intensification
(SRI) is an answer to prayer for
growing rice in changing climate
by creating a triple- win situation
for agriculture, climate security
and, food security because it:
ERADICATE EBOLA”
1.
2.
3.
Sustainably increases rice
production and income of
farmers (greater crop
productivity)
Strengthens crops’ resilience to
climate change and variability
(facilitates adaptation)
Reduces rice’s production of
greenhouse gases that
accelerate climate change (helps
promote mitigation)
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
Liberia SRI GPS MAP
ERADICATE EBOLA”
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
SRI Cost-Benefit
SRI Cost-Benefit
SRI Seed Rice @CHAP office
ERADICATE EBOLA”
A farmer in Zwedru by the name
Edward Sohn planted less than 1
kg of S-8 on 1 plot (18 m x 20 m)
and harvested 9 bags of 50 kg rice
after drying and weighing by our
team. He have now decided to
only grow SRI and have extended
his field to 1ha this season.
His photo was sent and posted on SRI
booth in Bangkok during the 4th
International Rice Congress ,
which brought visibility to our
work and our nation.
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
CHAP REQUEST FROM FSC
ERADICATE EBOLA”
• Funding support to scale
up SRI across the country
and integrate it into the
Cash Transfer Projects
• Support the fencing and
laying out of SRI main
field in Zubah Town,
Monrovia; establish 5
main SRI rice fields in 5
counties on 5 ha
• Financial support to air
SRI via radio, develop
Liberia SRI video, and SRI
Farmers Field School
picture book
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
PLANT LESS AND GET MORE WITH
SRI TODAY !!!!!!!
ERADICATE EBOLA”
“Fighting Hunger For Sustainable Peace”
ERADICATE EBOLA”
THANK YOU!

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