World geography

Report
WORLD GEOGRAPHY
WEEK 1
OBJECTIVES
• LEARN THE TWO MAIN BRANCHES OF GEOGRAPHY
• HOW WE USE GEOGRAPHY
• HOW WE CAN ORGANIZE OUR WORLD AND THE STUDY OF GEOGRAPHY
VOCABULARY
GEOGRAPHY
• THE STUDY OF THE PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND
CULTURAL FEATURES OF EARTH’S SURFACE.
PERSPECTIVE
• THE WAY A PERSON LOOKS AT SOMETHING
LANDSCAPES
• SCENERY OF PLACES, INCLUDINGPHYSICAL, HUMAN,
ANDCULTURAL FEATURES
CARTOGRAPHY
• THE STUDY OF MAPS AND MAPMAKING
METEROLOGY
• THE STUDY OF WEATHER
REGION
• AN AREA WITH ONE OR MORE COMMON FEATURES THAT
MAKE IT DIFFERENT FROM SURRONDING AREAS
FORMAL REGION
• REGION WITH ONE OR MORE COMMON FEATURES THAT
MAKE IT DIFFERENT FROM SURRONDING AREAS
FUNCTIONAL REGION
• REGION MADE UP OF DIFFERENT PLACES THAT ARE
LINKED AND FUNCTION AS A UNIT
PERCEPTION
• OUR AWARENESS AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE
ENVIRONMENT AROUND US
PERCEPTUAL REGIONS
• REGIONS THAT REFLECT HUMAN FEELINGS AND
ATTITUDES
GEOGRAPHY
LETS START WITH A QUESTION!
• HOW DO YOU THINK THE LOCATION OF MUSIC CITY MALL
WAS SELECTED?
CONSIDERATIONS OF LOCATION AND PLACE ARE PART
OF GEOGRAPHY
• NEAR OTHER ENTERTAINMENT AREAS?
• NEAR SHOPPING CENTERS?
• NEAR MAJOR POPULATION AREAS / CENTRAL LOCATION?
• NEAR A MAJOR ROAD/HWY?
• OTHER IDEAS?
WHAT GEOGRAPHY IS NOT:
• JUST MEMORIZING LISTS OF COUNTRIES AND STATE CAPITALS
• STUDYING ROCKS
• MAPS AND PICTURES OF FARAWAY PLACES
WHAT GEOGRAPHY IS
• THE STUDY OF EVERYTHING ON EARTH, FROM ROCKS AND
RAIN FALL TO PEOPLE AND PLACES.
• THE STUDY OF THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND HOW IT
INFLUENCES PEOPLE
• HOW PEOPLE’S ACTIVITES AFFECT EARTH, AND HOW THE
WORLD IS CHANGING.
TWO MAIN BRANCHES OF GEOGRAPHY
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
* STUDY OF DISTRIBUTION
AND CHARACTERISTICS OF
THE WORLD’S PEOPLE
(WHERE PEOPLE LIVE AND
WHAT THEY DO)
*EXAMINES HOW PEOPLE
MAKE AND TRADE THINGS
THAT THEY NEED TO
SURVIVE
*INTERA
CTION
OF
PEOPLE
WITH
THEIR
ENVIRO
NMENTS
*FOCUSES ON EARTH’S
NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
INCLUDING LAND FORMS,
WATER FEATURES, PLANTS,
ANIMALS, AND OTHER
PHYSICAL FEATURES
*STUDIES THE PROCESSES
THAT SHAPE THE PHYSICAL
ENVIRONMENT
LETS PRACTICE!
PLACE WORDS, DRAW PICTURES THAT :
RELATE TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
RELATE TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
AND RELATES TO BOTH
HUMAN
GEOGRAPHY
BOTH
PHYSICAL
GEOGRAPHY
PHYSICAL/HUMAN GEOGRAPHY INTERACTION
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=au4KDZm5AU4
REGION
• DEFINED BY THEIR PHYSICAL AND HUMAN FEATURES, INCLUDING:
• CLIMATE
• RIVER SYSTEMS
• SOILS
• VEGITATION
• LANGUAGES
• RELIGIONS
• TRADE NETWORKS
REGION
• CAN BE ANY SIZE
• EXAMPLES (LARGE REGIONS): COUNTRIES, DESERTS, AND
MOUNTAIN RANGES
• EXAMPLES (SMALL REGIONS) : SUBURBS AND
NEIGHBORHOODS
• EXAMPLES ( SUBREGIONS): THE GREAT PLAINS (37°N 97°W
NORTH AMERICA Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska,
New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota,
Texas, and Wyoming)
GEOGRAPHERS DEFINE REGIONS IN THREE WAYS
• FORMAL REGION
• FUNCTIONAL REGION
• PERCEPTUAL REGION
TYPES OF REGIONS
FORMAL REGIONS
FUNCTIONAL
REGIONS
PERCEPTUAL
REGIONS
FORMAL REGIONS
• HAS ONE OR MORE COMMON FEATURES THAT MAKE IT DIFFERENT FROM
SURRONDING AREAS.
• EXAMPLE: SAHEL IN AFRICA ( LIES BETWEEN THE SAHARA (DESERT) AND
WETTER AND FORESTED AREAS TO THE SOUTH
• FORMAL REGIONS CAN BE BASED ON ALMOST AND FEATURE/COMBINATION
• MIGHT INCLUDE:POPULATION, INCOME LEVELS, CROPS, TEMPERATURES, OR
RAINFALL
• PHYSICAL FEATURES MIGHT DEFINE A FORMAL REGION(ROCKY MOUNTAINS)
• ECONOMIC FEATURES INDUSTRIAL AREAS (RUST BELT NE US)
FUNCTIONAL REGION
• THESE ARE MADE UP OF DIFFERENT PLACES THAT ARE LINKED TOGETHER
AND FUNCTION AS A UNIT
• FOR EXAMPLE A CITY TRANSIT SYSTEM, IT INCLUDES DIFFERENT PLACES BUT
THE FLOW OF PEOPLE, TRAINS AND BUSES LINK THOSE PLACES TOGETHER.
• FUNCTIONAL REGIONS ARE ORGANIZED AROUND A CENTRAL POINT,
SURROUNDING AREAS ARE LINKED TO THIS POINT. (EXAMPLE : MALLFUNCTIONAL REGION LINKED TO SURROUNDING NEIGHBORHOODS, ALSO
CITIES, THEY CONECT TO SUBURBS, AREAS IN THE COUNTRY AND INDUSTRY
WHICH ALL FUNCTION TOGETHER
PERCEPTUAL REGIONS
• INVOLVES HUMAN PERCEPTION (OUR AWARENESS AND UNDERSTANDING OF
THE ENVIRONMENT AROUND US)
• WAYS OF LIFE AND EXPERIENCES INFLUENCE HOW WE PERCEIVE THE WORLD
• REGIONS THAT REFLECT HUMAN FEELING AND ATTITUDES.
• EXAMPLES: “BACK HOME” (MAY BE HARD TO DEFINE) , U.S. MIDWEST,
SOUTHER REGION “DIXIE”.
• PEOPLE PERCEIVE THESE AREAS TO BEDISTICT REGIONS.
• THESE AREAS HAVE THEIR OWN SPECIAL FEATURES THOUGH PEOPLE
PERCIEVE THOSE FEATURES IN DIFFERING WAYS
TYPES OF REGIONS
FORMAL REGIONS:
SAHEL, ROCKY MOUNTAINS,
RUST BELT
FUNCTIONAL REGIONS:
CITY TRANSIT SYSTEMS,
SHOPPING MALLS, CITIES
PERCEPTUAL REGIONS:
HOME, THE SOUTH

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