Airport

Report
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Aerodrome is a place on ground which is
usually used for take-off and landing of
aircraft. It can be also used for taxing.
Aerodrome is formed by maneuvering areas,
buildings and other equipment
There several names for airport:
Airfield
Airport
Airbase
Typical for general aviation
Usually equipped with unpaved runway covered
by grass,
 Surface is not made from concrete or asphalt
 Usually without lights
 Only few buildings and small wooden hangars
 Only Aerodrome Flight Information Services is
provided
 Usually Aerodrome Traffic Zone is established
around
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Usually larger than airfield
It can be formed by lot of buildings,
movement areas and efficient systems and
equipment necessary for busy air traffic
Due to lot of aircraft Air traffic service is
usually provided
Control zone and terminal control area is
established around
Paved runway is typical, usually made from
concrete.
Equipped with lighting system
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It is common term for military airport.
Bigger than airfield but smaller than airport
Only or partly for military air traffic, in same
case landing of civilian aircraft is approved
Somewhere you can find both military and
civilian traffic.
Runway and taxiways are made from
concrete
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Runway
Taxiway
Apron
Parking area
Runway is a rectangle area which is used for
landing and taking-off aircraft. Sometimes it
can be used for taxiing. Runway can be
equipped by lights and markings.
On large international airport more than one
runway. Then we determine main runway.
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Instrument runway can allow instrument
landing when it is equipped with proper
approach lights system and instrument
landing system, usually used by IFR flights
Non-instrument runway is approved only for
visual approach.
On military airbase grass strip is located next
to the runway for emergency landing or
dropping external fuel tank.
Runway arresting gear
1.Barrier
2.Cable – for aircraft with arrester hook
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Taxiway connects each part of airport, usually
aprons or parking area with runway.
It is used for taxiing or any movement of
aircraft on airport.
It is made from concrete or asphalt.
Marking has yellow color
Apron is an area on airport for:
 Parking of aircraft due to maintenance,
 Refueling,
 Loading or unloading of cargo,
 Embarkation of passengers.
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Tower - highest building on aerodrome used
for AFIS or ATC
Terminal - building for pasanger with checkin, custom office, gates,
Hangars - large simple building for aircraft
maintenance and repairs
Shelter - concrete bunker for aircraft coved
by grass typical for military airbase
Logistic buildings - for support
Runway lights
①Runway edge lights
②Runway threshold lights
③Runway end lights
④Runway centre line lights
Approach lighting system - necessary for
instrument approach and approach during
nights and bad meteorological instrument
Taxiway lights - blue color
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Instrument landing system - ILS - formed by:
 Localizer situated behind end of instrument
runway
 Glide path situated next to a runway 300 m
behind threshold
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Precision approach radar - used by ATC who
gives instruction to a pilot controlling aircraft
during precision approach
GPS
NDB
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Aircraft tug - for towing, pushing of aircraft
Fuel truck - for refueling
Ground power unit - for engine starting-up
Fire truck - for emergency situation
Ambulance - for medical assistance
Snow plough - for snow removing during
winter
Catering truck - for food support
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Maneuvering area …Provozní plocha
Concrete …Beton
General aviation …Všeobecné letectví
Paved … Zpevněný/ Unpaved … Nezpevněný
Movement area … Pohybové plochy
Determine …Určovat, rozlišovat
Shelter …Úkryt
External fuel tank … Přídavná nádrž
Runway arresting gear … Záchytné dráhové zařízení
Barrier …záchytná síť
Arrester hook … záchytný hák.
Embarkation … Nastoupení do letadla, nalodění
Questions?

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