Battle of Ypres

Battle of Ypres
By: Vineet Ramisetty, Harel Mizrahi, Abby Dean, Simona Snapkauskaite,and Akash Yechuri
The Battle of Ypres was marred by the Germans devastating use of chlorine gas and the resulting
countless losses that ensued from trench warfare, which continued throughout the Great War leading to
the desire of technological advances in weapons of mass warfare.
The Second Battle of Ypres
April 22, 1915 - May 25, 1915
The First Battle of Ypres
(Oct. 14, 1914 - Nov. 15, 1914)
Reason for Battle
The Major German motive for the attack was for diverting allied
forces from the Eastern front and for testing their chlorine gas on
the Western front. Another motive for this battle was the special
vantage Ypres provided.
Who Was Involved ?
Allied Powers
● Led by Field Marshall Sir John French
● France
● Britain
● Belgium
● Canada
Central Powers
● Led by General Albrecht
● Germany
The British, Canadian, and French armies marched up to Ypres to station themselves against the incoming
German army. When the two powers met, there was a bloodbath which ultimately resulted in a stalemate.
Chlorine Gas
● Chlorine is an industrially used gas that is
highly toxic and when cooled it becomes a
liquid that may be transported and stored.
● The gas is said to be yellowish-green and
has a smell similar to bleach
● Denser than air it tends to settle rapidly in
areas low to the ground
● It can severely damage respiratory organs
● Symptoms: Airway irritation, difficulty
breathing, wheezing, sore throat, etc.
The Use of Chlorine Gas
● 168 tons of chlorine gas were released by
Germans on French Algerians
● Effectiveness of the gas surprised even the
Germans, the allied troops fled in panic back
towards Ypres
● Gas covered four miles of trenches affecting
10,000 troops
● Half of troops affected died within 10 minutes,
2,000 were captured as prisoners of war
● 850,000 combined deaths on both sides of the war
were accounted at Ypres
● The Battle of Ypres foreshadowed how fighting on
the Western front would be fought through
● Although the allies won, the battle of Ypres did not
create movement among the trenches
● Britain remained stationed at Ypres for the rest of
the war.
● Poisonous gas would continue to be advanced and
more deadly
Significance in WW1
The tension between the Allies and the Central powers accumulated in the 1st year of WW1. Even though this
battle was a stalemate, it caused about 9% of all the deaths in the war. It also marked the entrance of Canada
into the war.
Works Cited

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