Social services approach to Case Assessment 2014- 01-28 The County Administrative Board of Stockholm – Counteracting prostitution and trafficking National co-ordination in Sweden - Office of the national coordinator Co-ordination for safe return of victims of trafficking Support programs for rehabilitation of victims of trafficking Mapping of the prostitution in Sweden National Guidelines regarding trafficking in human beings National Operational Co-ordination/ Children: National Police Board, National Criminal Police, Specialised Police Units in Stockholm, Prosecutors office, International Chambers, The Swedish Migration Board/Child expert, Social services in i Stockholm & Gothenburg A flexible and adjustable composition depending on needs Operational support through advice/ national guidelines for social services/ other authorities National report on trafficked children in Sweden, 2009-2011 2009–2011 Social service and NGO´s registered 166 Children possible victims of THB. (100 children reported to the police) Of the 102 children in social services there were: 81 of the children defined as unaccompanied/ approx. 50/50 children from EU and asylumseeking children 12 children was with their parents 50/50 Boys and Girls. Age 3 to 17 years 50 % Sexual-exploitation- majority girls 50 % criminality, begging and work –majority boys Very few THB cases with children to court. 3 persons convicted in three years, 5 children involved. Conclusions and Proposals from the report Increased national responsibility for trafficked children Specific guidelines to social services* Skills development and increased authority-cooperation* Qualified and specialized institutions for the target group* Protect children from disappearing* Strengthen children's rights in the legal process Revision regarding legislation in cases with children Stronger cooperation in-between EU countries* Child protection Report 14:1 SoL First assessment/ Risk assessment Is there need for immediate protection? Trafficking suspicion Report to the police Start social investigation 11:1,2 SoL/ BBIC How is the child heard? Assessment- why is a social investigation not started? Social assessment/ Legal guardian § 6 LVU Open or closed institution Contact embassy/LST Stockholm/IOM/ social authorities in home country Brussels II regulation? Social Services Act/ Child Protection Social services act – SoL 14 kap 1 § SoL – report 11 kap 1,2 §§ SoL – social assessment (4 months) LVU - Care of Young Persons Act –(1 month/ 6 months) LSU Emergency assessment of risks/ protection measures BBIC – Children’s needs in focus – NBHW - a framework for assessment, planning and reviewing in child welfare Legal guardianship/ dilemmas Brussels II regulation Difference in praxis and decisions from Administrative courts/ municipalities Children are not identified as victims Decision process/ Care of young persons act Social worker/ suggestion to decision LVU (LVM) Municipality Chairman of Social Welfare Board Administrative court decision Cooperation: Authorities & Organisations Child protectio n/ Social service Outreach socialworkers POLICE/ PROSECUTOR The Child Health services Institution NGO´s Best Interest Determination/ Dilemmas Child committing a crime being a possible victim of trafficking Institution needs to have knowledge about the specific needs Treated as a criminal not as a victim Identification/ former criminality? Quick information regarding this from the police. Effects the protection measures taken by social authorities. In the Child's best interest to have the charges dropped and be classified as a victim of trafficking. The child might not agree on this Ethical dilemmas in the best interest determination The social services and the child´s view on best interest determination Specific issues transnational cases Embassies Cooperation national authorities for family assessment/ Best interest Determination Brussels II regulation Coordinating/ planning a voluntary and safe return Contact: Charlotta Thorelius, tfn +46-8-785 41 14 e-post: [email protected] http://projektwebbar.lansstyrelsen.se/NMTSVERIGE Example of a process/ authorities/ BID? Asylum seeking child/ when committing a crime social services contact / child committing a crime and restart the asylum process disappears The child has no connection to any authority except from a missing persons report at the police Goes missing – reported from social service/ legal guardian to the police After 2 weeks- case closed in migration services Social services close 11; 1,2 Sol when the child is not found.