SDGs for Mega Urban Jakarta, Mr. Raldi Koestoer, Senior

Report
SDGs for Mega Urban Jakarta
Raldi Hendro Koestoer
[email protected]
Consultative Workshop on Measuring Progress in Post 2015 Development Frameworks
United Nations Office for Sustainable Development
10-11 December 2013, Incheon, South Korea
Outline of Presentations
I.
Challenged Issues in Mega Urban Jakarta.
II.
MP3EI towards a Green Plan.
III.
Urban Environmental Approaches in Review.
IV.
Proxy SDG Indicators and Spatial Land-use of Mega
Urban Jakarta
V.
Concluding Remarks.
Questions Encountered
1.
What Spatial Issues Challenged by Mega Urban
Jakarta
2.
What Constraints Framed for Mega Urban
Jakarta
3.
How the Regions Survive to Achieve Green
Development (SDGs)
Challenged Issues
in Mega Urban Jakarta
Mega Urban Jakarta
 Mega
SEA
Urban Jakarta is one of the metropolitan areas in
-> consisting of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang dan Bekasi
abbreaviated as Jabodetabek, known as Desakota Region
 Population
for the Mega Urban Jakarta (Jabodetabek) is
around 27.9m people, with the area of 6,872 sq. Km.
-> ranked at the 4th in the World largest Mega Urban regions.
 Jabodetabek
is concentrated by 11,76% of the total
Population for Indonesia
-> covering 18% of the national economic business circulations.
Mega Urban Issues
1. Over Populated -> Slum Area
2. Distribution of Flood Vulnerability
3. Traffic Congestion ->Traffic Jam &
Highly Polluted
Condition
4. Poor Sanitation -> Deteriorating
Health Condition
5. Land Utilitation -> Variety of
Landuses
Masterplan for the Acceleration and
Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic
Development (MP3EI ) towards a
Green Plan
THINK GLOBALLY – ACT LOCALLY
(TRIPLE BOTTOM
LINE-SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT)
Urban Development Policy for Indonesia
1. Pro Growth
2. Pro Job
3. Pro Poor
4. Pro Environment
Framework Approach MP3EI
Indonesia
Vision 2025
Strategic
Initiatives
“To create a self-sufficient, Advance, Just
and Prosperous Indonesia”
1.
2.
3.
Main Strategy
Basic
Principles
Encourage a large scale investment realization in 22 main economic activities
Synchronization of national action plan to revitalize the real sector performance
The development of center of excellence in 6 (six) economic corridors
1.
Developing economic
corridors Indonesia
2.
Strengthening
National Connectivity
•
Development of growth
centers in each corridor
with the development
of industrial clusters
and special economic
region based on
commodity resources
•
Connectivity and
intra-and inter-center
growth in economic
corridors
Connectivity between
corridor / island
International
connectivity
•
•
3.
Strengthening
national human
resources capability
and science and
technology
•
Science & Technology
Capacity Building
(Green TechnoEconomy)
Basic Principles for economic development acceleration and expansion
INVESTMENT POLICY :
Main Downstreamings
Industries in MP3EI
The development
is integrated in 6
economic corridors
ICT
Machinary
& Tools
Shipping
Textile
Food/Beverage
Sunda
Straits
Strategic Area
Steel
Greater
Jakarta
Animal
Husbandry
Defence
Equipment
22 MAIN
ECONOMIC
ACTIVITIES
Food
Estate
Cacao
Palm Oil
Tourism
Fishery
Rubber
Woods
Bauxite
Copper
Nickel
Coal
Oil &
Gas
Development Themes in Six Economic Corridors
Urban Environmental Approaches
in Review
Green Economy

Development of low carbon economies;

Shift to renewables and energy efficiency economies;

Sustainability development, strengthening Public
Services, and enhancing local capacity;

Socio-Economic Welfare as the first priority.
(UNEP, 2013)
Green Growth
 Green
growth means fostering economic growth and
development while ensuring that natural assets continue
to provide the resources and environmental services on
which our well-being relies.
 The
basic principles of “Green Growth” :
◦ Quality of economic growth
◦ Eco-efficiency of economic growth
◦ Environmental sustainability vis-à-vis
performance
environmental
(UNEP, 2013)
Green Jobs
 as
work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and
development (R&D), administrative, and service activities
that contribute substantially to preserving or restoring
environmental quality.
 Specifically,
but not exclusively, this includes jobs that
help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce
energy, materials, and water consumption through highefficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and
minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of
waste and pollution
(ILO-UNEP, 2013)
“Greening" Occupations
The extent to which green economy activities and technologies
increase the demand for existing occupations, shape the work and
worker requirements needed for occupational performance, or generate
unique work and worker requirement.
Green increased demand occupations
Green enhanced skills occupations
Green new and emerging occupations
More precisely green jobs are decent jobs that:
– Reduce consumption of energy and raw materials
– Limit GHG emissions
– Minimize waste and pollution
– Protect and restore ecosystems
(ILO-UNEP, 2013)
Spill-over in the Desakota Region

Urban Social-Economic Attractiveness affects the flow of migration
from the hinterland.

One major trigger increased Urbanised trend is a trade off
b/w rural land productivity and industrialization;
while investment on infrastructure induced the process.

Urban Area is occupied by 30% of the total Population:
-> Around 3,3m people estimated increase to 5m people
by 2030 (UN-HABITAT, 2009)
Basic Principles of Green Urban
Development
 Environment
(Ecology)
 Socio-Economy
(Employment)
 Equity
 Engagement
 Energy
(Ananda, 2013)
Green City
Environmentally friendly city with
effectively and efficiently utilize
water resources and energy,
reducing waste, implementing an
integrated transport system, ensure
environmental health,
environmental synergy between
natural and artificial, based urban
planning and design in favor of the
principles of sustainable
development (www.unep.org/wed).
(Ananda, 2013)
Proxy SDG IndicatorsSpatial Landuse of Mega Urban Jakarta
Ecological Urban Concepts





Integrated Components of Natural and Built Urban
Environment
Eco-efficient and Optimal Utilizations of Urban Resources
Reduced Carbon Emission
Recycled Waste
Reducing Resources Use based on the hinterland
8 Components for Ecological Mega Urban Jabodetabek:
• Land-Use
• Transportation
• Built Environment
• Green Open Space
• Waste and Water-ways Network Management
• Energy System
• Hidrology
• Air and Solar System
(Ananda, 2013)
Phase of Sustainable Development
(Ananda, 2013)
Methods for SD in Review














Ecological Footprint
Barometer of Sustainability
Quality of Life Assessment
Ecosystem Health Assessment
Natural Resource Availability
Sustainable Carrying Capacity Assessment (SCCA)
Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI)
Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI)
Ecological Footprint-Biocapacity Accounting (EF-BC
Accounting)
Methods of Water and Land Resources Accounting
Methods of Comparative Resources on Supply-Demand
Methods Multi-dimentional Scalling (MDS)
Environmental Performance Index (EPI)
Sustainable Performance Index (SPI)
(Ananda, 2013)
(Hasibuan, 2013)
(Hasibuan, 2013)
(Hasibuan, 2013)
Concluding Remarks
1. Mega Urban Jakarta as a Desakota Region is remarkably
Dynamics
->Not only Population increased but also degrading quality of Landuse
and environment emerged
2. MP3EI is a driving factor influencing the Mega Urban
Environment
3. Eco-Mega Urban Management has to be promoted
strongly
->Indicators for SDGs should consider Econ. Productivity, Ecol.
Sustainability, Social Justice, Political will and Cultural Vibrancy
4. Reviews on Eco-socecon Mega Urban Methods would
assist to appropriate indicators for SDGs of Mega Urban
Jakarta
Thank You........
.....감사합니다
......ありがとうございました
Terimakasih.....

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