Report

Low Noise Amplifier DSB/SC-AM Modulation (Review) Frequency Shift Property (Review) Frequency Spectrum of DSB/SCAM Signal (Review) If the Receiver Uses a Different Frequency to Demodulate (Keep by using with LPF) Use an LNA Circuit to Reduce Noise (11/20) (11/27) (12/4) Design of a Low Noise Amplifier 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Transistor Biasing Add L1 (Ls) and Lg Add Ls Adjust Lg Generate gate bias voltage Add M2 Design the output resonant network Reduce the quality of output tank! Design of a Low Noise Amplifier • Source Resistance (RS) is 50 Ω • Assume a bias current of 1 mA • Assumed: gm/ID=20 mS/mA Determine M1 Initial assumptions: 1. VDS1=0.3 V 2. VSB=0 V (DC) 3. gm/ID=20 mS/mA 4. ID=1 mA gm/ID Calculation Device Simulation Add L1& Lg Impedance Measurement Our initial L1 and Lg does not produce a perfect match! Increase Ls to Increase Real Impedance (Increase Ls (or L1) to compensate For CGD) (Ls=270 pH) (Ls=398 pH) (The resonant frequency is still off!) Adjust Lg (fix at 3.5 GHz ) (Reduce Lg to increase the resonant freq) Generate the Gate Voltage Insulate the DC The resistor RB and CB isolate the signal path from the noise of IB and MB. Generate VGS of M1 (449.8 mV) Find the width of MB Determine RB RB must be much larger than RP, the parallel equivalent resistance Of RS. Otherwise, RB will load the input match network! Input Bias Network! Lg=14.85 nH, Ls=398 pH Before adding the bias MB After adding the bias MB Determine M2 (Choose M2 to be Identical to M1, for simplicity) Also connect the gate of M2 to VDD. Determine the Output Impedance Use large L to provide DC bias and open at 3.5 GHz. Use an artificially large C to provide DC isolation and a short at 3.5 GHz. Use the port to calculate the S22 and output impedance. Output Admittance Goal: to cancel the imaginary admittance with an inductor! An effective output capacitance of 135 fF An effective output resistance of 1/1.107mS=900 Ohms Since we know fo, and Ceff, we can calculate Leff: 15.3 nH Adding Output Capacitance • A 15.3 nH inductor is too large to implement on silicon. • We will add a 1 pF capacitor in parallel to reduce the required inductance to 1.82 nH Schematic (A port is used to calculate the output impedance) 903~1/1.107 mS Comparison of Smith Chart Location of S11 @ 3.5 GHz After adding the bias MB After the output load The input resonant frequency also shifted. Input Resonant Frequency Shifted to 3.15 GHz We probably have to reduce Lg. Real and Imaginary Part of Output Impedance Adjust Lg to Move the Resonant Frequency to 3. 5GHz S11 Using Lg of 10 nH Input S11 Reflection coefficient larger than 1! May have to adjust reduce the quality factor of the output tank! Adjust Output Resistance RL of 900 Ω Transient Simulation Trasient Simulation Vout=1.225-1.1745=50.5 mV Vin=441.637-439.96=1.67 mV Av=30.23, 29.60 dB Misc. Determine Parameters Using Matlab DC Bias Simulation Purpose: Verify gm/ID DC parameters through simulation. Design of a Low Noise Amplifier • Source Resistance (RS) is 50 Ω • Assume a bias current of 1 mA • Assumed: gm/ID=20 mS/mA