the Presentation - Middle Tennessee State University

Report
Gia C. Jones
University College Advising Center
Middle Tennessee State University

There are specific study tips that help you
learn more information; however, you should
first know your Biological Rhythm and
Learning Style.

Biological Rhythm:
◦ Some individuals are more alert and productive
during the morning hours and some individuals
may be more alert and productive during the
evening hours.
◦ Conduct study sessions when you are most alert
and focused.

Learning Styles:
◦ Visual Learners: learn best from visual stimuli/
methods (e.g. charting, maps, flash cards)
◦ Auditory Learners: learn best from auditory stimuli/
methods (e.g. recording lectures)
◦ Tactile Learners: learn best from hands-on
experience (e.g. laboratory experiments)

Visual Learners:
 Use graphs, charts & drawing while studying (e.g.
History, Psychology, etc.).
 Flash cards are helpful while studying, useful in selftesting (e.g. definitions, Science courses, Economics,
etc.).
 Pre-test are also helpful for visual learners.

Auditory Learners:
 Use audio cues to learn information (e.g. creating
rhymes or songs).
 Use audio recordings of lectures/notes to retain
information (e.g. Philosophy, Political Science, etc.)

Tactile Learners:
 Use projects and experiments to learn information.
(e.g. Biology – any Natural Science, Engineering)
 Use of formula and hands-on learning.
 Create models & graphs to retain information

Everyone is different; what works for you, may
not work for others. The following tips are
suggestions for improving your current study
skills.
 REVIEW material after class when it’s still fresh in your
memory.
 DO NOT CRAM! Space out your studying. Review materials
several times a week, focusing on one topic at a time.
 When you begin, have all study materials in front of you:
 LECTURE NOTES,
 COURSE TEXTBOOKS
 STUDY GUIDES, ETC.
Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve
THE CURVE OF FORGETTING
100
%
80
R
E
T
A
I
N
E
D
60
The moment we first hear new information
One day later without reinforcement
40
Two days later without reinforcement
20
0
0
1
2
7
 Find a comfortable and quiet place to study
 Start out with most important information
 HIGHLIGHT definitions
 Take notes and write down a summary of important
ideas as you read through material
 TAKE SHORT BREAKS PERIODICALLY
 DON’T just read through and try to memorize material,
make sure you understand the material well.
 If you choose to study in a group, only study with others
who are SERIOUS!
 MAKE A PRACTICE QUIZ: test yourself or have
someone test you to note your weak and strong
areas.
 Use material from homework questions, sample
problems, etc.
 USE THE REVIEW QUESTIONS AT THE END OF
CHAPTER: this is helpful with courses such as
Psychology, History and Economics.
 Go to review sessions, pay attention to hints that
the instructor may give about the test.
 DON’T study any later than the time you usually
go to sleep.


When you take a test you demonstrate your
ability to understand course material or
perform certain educational tasks.
Tests are used to measure performance.
◦ Objective tests are true-false, multiple choice, fillin-the-blank.
◦ Subjective tests are short answer, essay or oral
exams.

Strategies to avoid carelessness:
◦ PREPARE: good preparation helps you focus on the task at hand.
 Arrive early for test
 Be comfortable, Be Alert
 Stay relaxed and confident
 Don’t try to pull an all night-er. Get at least 3 hours of sleep
before the test.
◦ DURING TEST:
 Read the directions carefully
 If there is time, look through test for overview
 Answer questions in a strategic order: easy questions first
◦ REVIEW:
 Resist the urge to leave as soon as you complete all items.
 Review to ensure you answered all questions, did not mis-mark,
did not make simple mistakes.
ATTEND CLASS!
1.
a)
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
(get required information to prepare for test)
Make sure you go to the class right before the test; the instructor may give out more hints or
the format of the test
Get a good amount of sleep
Keep a good attitude. Think Positively!
Make a plan
Manage your time
Don’t get frustrated or worried
Read questions carefully:
Note cue words: compare & contrast, list, define, describe
8.
Neatness Counts!
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Bring a watch to the test so you can pace
yourself.
Bring appropriate test tools
Ask the instructor for clarification if you
don’t understand what they are asking for
on the test.
Don’t worry if others finish before you.
Focus on the test in front of you.
REVIEW.
 Read questions before you look at answers. Come up
with the answer in your head before looking at
possible answers.
 Read all choices before choosing your answer.
 Eliminate answers you know aren’t right.
 Don’t keep changing your answer, usually your first
choice is right, unless you misread the question.
 Read the directions carefully and don’t forget to
answer all parts of the question.
 Make estimates for your answers
 Show all your work; write legibly
 Even if you know the final answer is wrong, don’t erase
your entire work because you may get partial credit for
using the correct procedure.
 Spend an equal or greater amount of time preparing as you
would for a normal test.
 Familiarize yourself with the book and relevant materials.
 If allowed, write down all the important formulas and key
information on a separate sheet so you don’t have to search
through your book for it.
 Highlight important points, use post-it notes, bookmarks,
etc.
 Bring all the resources allowed.
 Use quotations from the book to support your view, but
don’t over quote.
 Read the directions carefully.
 Make sure you understand what the question is asking.
 Budget your time.
 Make an outline before writing your essay.
 Focus on one main idea per paragraph.
 If you aren’t sure about an exact date or number, use
approximations i.e. “Approximately 5000” or “ In the
late 17th century”

Test Anxiety
◦ is a feeling of agitation and distress.
◦ can occur while thinking about an test or during a
test.
◦ results in difficult concentrating, mental blocks and
distractibility.


Past experience: blanking on tests, or being
unable to retrieve answers to questions
Lack of preparation for test:
 Time management
 Poor study habits
 Cramming the night before



Apprehension of not living up to other’s
expectations
Allowing grades to determine self-worth
Fear of no control over what happens
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Be well prepared for test
Self-testing from your review
Think positively
Thought Stopping
Get a good night’s sleep
Arrive in plenty of time; dress comfortable
Don’t talk to friends
Calm yourself during test by taking deep breaths,
stretching, and positive internal self-talk
Focus only on the exam: read carefully any
instructions
Maintain a healthy lifestyle

If test anxiety is a serious problem, because
of other reasons, have the student seek
professional help from private counseling
services or MTSU.
MTSU Counseling Services
KUC 329
615-898-2670

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