Comparative & Superlative adjectives ADJECTIVES • Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES When comparing 2 things. • One syllable adjectives: add –er Cold colder High higher • One syllable adjectives ending in one vowel + consonant: double the consonant and add –er Big bigger Hot hotter NOUN 1 + verb + COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE + THAN + NOUN 2 Southern states are colder than northern states. • Adjectives endind in y: change y to -ier. Dry drier Easy easier • Two or more syllable adjectives: add MORE before the adjective Difficult more difficult Beautiful more beautiful • Irregular Good better Bad worse When comparing things… Comparative adjectives • Comparing 2 things Superlative Adjectives • Comparing 3 or more things RULES COMPARATIVE ADJ. SUPERLATIVE ADJ. ONE SYLLABLE Add –er small smaller Tall old Add –est Small smallest Tall old ONE SYLLABLE ending in E Add –r Large larger Wise Add –st large largest Wise ONE SYLLABLE Ending with a single consonant with a vowel before it double the consonant and add –er Big bigger Thin Fat double the consonant and add –est Big biggest Thin Fat COMPARATIVE ADJ. SUPERLATIVE ADJ. TWO SYLLABLE Ending in y Change y to –ier Happy happier Angry Busy Change y to –iest Happy happiest Angry Busy TWO SYLLABLE Take the –er form of the adjective Narrow narrower Gentle Take the –est form of the adjective Narrow narrowest Gentle Add MORE before the adjective Pleasant more pleasant Careful Thoughtful Beautiful Important Add MOST before the adjective Pleasant most pleasant Careful Thoughtful Beautiful Important ending in –er, -le, or –ow MOST TWO, THREE OR MORE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES Irregular Adjective good bad far little many Comparative Form better worse farther less more Superlative Form best worst farthest least most Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most. Two-Syllable Adjective Comparative Form Superlative Form clever cleverer cleverest clever more clever most clever gentle gentler gentlest gentle more gentle most gentle friendly friendlier friendliest friendly more friendly most friendly quiet quieter quietest quiet more quiet most quiet simple simpler simplest simple more simple most simple How to use them in a sentence.. • COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES Comparative adjective + than Andrew is smaller than Tom. • SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES The + superlative adjective He is the smallest kid in the class. Let’s work on it.. My house is _______________ (big) than yours. This flower is _______________ (beautiful) than that one. This is the _______________ (interesting) book I have ever read. Non-smokers usually live _______________ (long) than smokers. Which is the _______________ (dangerous) animal in the world? A holiday by the sea is _______________ (good) than a holiday in the mountains. It is strange but often a coke is _______________ (expensive) than a beer. Who is the _______________ (rich) woman on earth? The weather this summer is even _______________ (bad) than last summer. He was the _______________ (clever) thief of all. Correct the mistakes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Thomas is the oldest of her brothers and sisters. John is the taller in the class. Charles knows the funniest jokes in the class. Gunther has the more interesting job in the class. Victoria is from the most beautiful city in the class. Jordan is healthyer than Bradley. Bradley is older than Jordan. Jordan is younger than Bradley. Bradley is more shorter than Jordan. Jordan is fitter than Bradley. Bradley is a badder basketball player than Jordan. Jordan is more young than Bradley. You are planning a summer trip with your friends. Everyone has different ideas and you must make a decision. There are three options: - Taking a tour to L.A and Disneyland - Camping - Beach Use comparative and superlative adjectives in your decision making and make a final conclusion. Use comparative and superlative adjectives.