Comparative & Superlative adjectives

Report
Comparative
&
Superlative
adjectives
ADJECTIVES
• Adjectives are words that describe or
modify another person or thing in the
sentence.
COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES
When comparing 2 things.
• One syllable adjectives: add –er
Cold  colder
High  higher
• One syllable adjectives ending in one vowel + consonant:
double the consonant and add –er
Big  bigger
Hot  hotter
NOUN 1 + verb + COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVE + THAN + NOUN 2
Southern states are colder than northern states.
• Adjectives endind in y: change y to -ier.
Dry  drier
Easy  easier
• Two or more syllable adjectives: add MORE
before the adjective
Difficult  more difficult
Beautiful  more beautiful
• Irregular
Good  better
Bad  worse
When comparing things…
Comparative adjectives
• Comparing 2 things
Superlative Adjectives
• Comparing 3 or more things
RULES
COMPARATIVE ADJ.
SUPERLATIVE ADJ.
ONE SYLLABLE
Add –er
small  smaller
Tall 
old 
Add –est
Small  smallest
Tall 
old 
ONE SYLLABLE
ending in E
Add –r
Large  larger
Wise 
Add –st
large  largest
Wise 
ONE SYLLABLE
Ending with a
single
consonant with a
vowel before it
double the consonant and
add –er
Big  bigger
Thin 
Fat 
double the consonant and
add –est
Big  biggest
Thin 
Fat 
COMPARATIVE ADJ.
SUPERLATIVE ADJ.
TWO SYLLABLE
Ending in y
Change y to –ier
Happy  happier
Angry 
Busy 
Change y to –iest
Happy  happiest
Angry 
Busy 
TWO SYLLABLE
Take the –er form of the
adjective
Narrow  narrower
Gentle 
Take the –est form of the
adjective
Narrow  narrowest
Gentle 
Add MORE before the
adjective
Pleasant  more pleasant
Careful 
Thoughtful 
Beautiful 
Important 
Add MOST before the
adjective
Pleasant  most pleasant
Careful 
Thoughtful
Beautiful 
Important 
ending in –er, -le, or
–ow
MOST TWO,
THREE OR MORE
SYLLABLE
ADJECTIVES
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES
Irregular
Adjective
good
bad
far
little
many
Comparative
Form
better
worse
farther
less
more
Superlative Form
best
worst
farthest
least
most
Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be
used with -er and -est and with more and most.
Two-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
clever
cleverer
cleverest
clever
more clever
most clever
gentle
gentler
gentlest
gentle
more gentle
most gentle
friendly
friendlier
friendliest
friendly
more friendly
most friendly
quiet
quieter
quietest
quiet
more quiet
most quiet
simple
simpler
simplest
simple
more simple
most simple
How to use them in a sentence..
• COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES
Comparative adjective + than
Andrew is smaller than Tom.
• SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES
The + superlative adjective
He is the smallest kid in the class.
Let’s work on it..
My house is _______________ (big) than yours.
This flower is _______________ (beautiful) than that one.
This is the _______________ (interesting) book I have ever read.
Non-smokers usually live _______________ (long) than smokers.
Which is the _______________ (dangerous) animal in the world?
A holiday by the sea is _______________ (good) than a holiday in
the mountains.
It is strange but often a coke is _______________ (expensive) than
a beer.
Who is the _______________ (rich) woman on earth?
The weather this summer is even _______________ (bad) than last
summer.
He was the _______________ (clever) thief of all.
Correct the mistakes.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Thomas is the oldest of her brothers and sisters.
John is the taller in the class.
Charles knows the funniest jokes in the class.
Gunther has the more interesting job in the class.
Victoria is from the most beautiful city in the class.
Jordan is healthyer than Bradley.
Bradley is older than Jordan.
Jordan is younger than Bradley.
Bradley is more shorter than Jordan.
Jordan is fitter than Bradley.
Bradley is a badder basketball player than Jordan.
Jordan is more young than Bradley.
You are planning a summer trip with your friends. Everyone has
different ideas and you must make a decision. There are three
options:
- Taking a tour to L.A and Disneyland
- Camping
- Beach
Use comparative and superlative adjectives in your decision making
and make a final conclusion. Use comparative and superlative
adjectives.

similar documents