What is it? • Contraception is any method or technique used to prevent pregnancy • Contraception can come in many different forms Implant (IMPLANON) • An Implant is a single thin rod placed under a the skin on the woman’s upper arm • It releases progestin in the woman’s skin over a period of 3 years • This does NOT protect against sexually transmitted diseases or infections 0.5% Failure rate *These methods do NOT protect against STI’s!!! Intrauterine Device (Paraguard or Mirena) • An IUD is placed inside a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy • It can stay in the uterus for 510 years • This does NOT protect against sexually transmitted diseases or infections • Paraguard does not have hormones. • Mirena does have hormones. 0.2-0.8% Failure rate *These methods do NOT protect against STI’s!!! Hormonal Methods • Oral contraceptives or “the pill” is a taken by a woman at the same time each day to prevent pregnancy . Their a many varieties of birth control pills, thus talking to a doctor is key to finding which one will be best for you! 9% Failure rate • Injections or shots (Depo-Provera) of hormonal progestin may be given to women by their doctor every three months to prevent pregnancy. 6% Failure rate *These methods do NOT protect against STI’s!!! Hormonal Methods • The patch is worn on a woman’s lower abdomen, buttocks or upper body to release hormones that prevent pregnancy. The Patch is changed each week. Patch locations should be rotated to approved sites to prevent irritation. 9% Failure rate • The contraceptive ring (Nuva Ring) is placed inside a woman’s vagina and replaced every 3 weeks. It releases hormone progestin and estrogen to prevent pregnancy. *These methods do NOT protect against STI’s!!! 9% Failure rate Barrier Methods • Male condoms are worn by the man and prevent sperm from getting into the woman’s body. • This method also DOES protect against STD’s and STI’s. 18% Failure rate • Female condoms are worn by the woman and also prevent sperm from getting into the her body • It can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse and may also protect against STD’s and STI’s 21% Failure rate Emergency Contraception • Also known as the morning after pill, emergency contraception should only be used after unprotected sex or failed birth control. • The pill must be taken within 72 hours of intercourse. • This does not protect against or cure STI’s. Approximately 25% Failure rate If you are already pregnant, Plan B will not end the pregnancy. • Myth: A female cannot get pregnant the first time she has sex. • Fact: A woman’s chances for getting pregnant are always the same. • Myth: Douching, showering or bathing can prevent pregnancy. • Fact: Douching does not prevent pregnancy and it is impossible to douche, shower, or bathe fast enough to “wash away the sperm”. • Myth: A female can’t get pregnant while she is on her period. • Fact: Generally during a woman’s period she is not ovulating, but it is possible to get pregnant during any part of the menstrual cycle. • Myth: A female can’t get pregnant if a male “pulls out” before he ejaculates. • Fact: Once a male becomes aroused, he ejects preejaculate fluid and pregnancy is still possible (this method may also be hard to control.