Chapter 14

Report
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Explain how dictators an militaristic regimes
arose in several countries in the 1930s
Summarize the actions taken by aggressive
regimes in Europe and Asia
Analyze the responses of Britain, France, and
the U.S. to the aggressive regimes
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1918-WWI ends
1919-27 nations meet-Treaty of Versailles
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Germany resented treaty
Italy and Japan expected more land
Totalitarianism-theory of govt in which a
single party or leader controls the economic,
social, and cultural lives of its people.
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1917-1st totalitarian state (Lenin)
Stalin took power in 1924
Cruel and ruthless
Wanted to turn SU into industrial power and
create state-run collective farms– Great Terror
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Purged Communist party of traitors
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Didn’t get land on Adriatic coast after WWI
from division of Austria-Hungary
Post-war depression
Benito Mussolini
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Fascist Party
Followers known as Black Shirts
Outlawed political parties, took over press, secret
police, suppressed strikes
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After WWI-democracy, the Weimar Republic
Severe economic trouble and anger over Treaty
of Versailles
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Rise of Nazi party…National Socialist German
Workers Party
Adolf Hitler
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Opposed the “ism” parties that promoted workers
rights or class interests over German ethnic
solidarity
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Book Mein Kampf (My Struggle)-national best
seller!
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Stated his explanations for problems in Germany
Criticized many people, political
programs/ideologies, and mostly Jews
Anti-Semitic-prejudice against Jews
1938-Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany
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1920s-Democracy…ended in 1930s with
Depression
Military leaders argued expansion throughout
Asia would solve economic troubles
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1931-Manchuria
1937-took control of Chinese rails
Did not become a totalitarian dictatorship,
stayed constitutional monarchy
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League of Nations
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Hitler
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Weak b/c America didn’t join, no army, “long on
words, short in action”
Restored army and nullified Treaty of Versailles
Wanted to expand, 1935 seized Saar, 1936 Rhineland
Mussolini
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1935 invaded Ethiopia
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Policy of France and Britain against aggressive
nations
Granting concessions to a potential enemy in
hope it will maintain peace
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Caused fascist leaders to become more aggressive
Hitler
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Austria-no choice, union called Anschluss
Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia)
Munich Conference-Munich Pact

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