Navigation Acts PowerPoint Presentation Part 9 of 9 Colonizing North America Unit LESSON 9 Triangle Trade Mercantilism Exports/Imports Yankees Navigation Acts ZoopDog Creations© Colonizing North America Unit Navigation Acts - PowerPoint Presentation # 9 VOCABULARY Mercantilism Imports – Exports – Navigation Acts – Yankees – Triangular Trade – Raw Materials – Manufactured Goods – Today’s Thinking Focus Why did England pass the Navigation Acts? And the story continues . . . . . William Penn receives land from the King. Pennsylvania is a colony where Quakers are welcome. Delaware is founded when Pennsylvania’s Lower Counties did not want to send delegates to Philadelphia. Maryland is founded by Lord Baltimore as a place where Catholics could worship freely. The Carolinas are founded by English nobles. Rice, indigo and tobacco become big crops, traded around the world. James Oglethorpe creates the colony of Georgia where debtors could go to make a fresh start. Tidewater plantations emerge in the south. With so many crops to be harvested a need for slaves emerges. Poorer southern farmers move near the Appalachian Mountains. A series of laws called the Slave Codes are passed denying Africans their basic rights. England Regulates Trade By the 1700s trade flourished all along the Atlantic coast. As trade increased, England began to take a new interest in its colonies. England believed that its colonies existed for the benefit of the home country = mercantilism. England began passing a series of laws called the Navigation Acts that regulated trade between England and its colonies. Mercantilism The English colonies are producing a LOT of goods and shipping them to England! Rice Cotton Indigo Wheat Tobacco Lumber Mercantilists thought that a country should export more than it imports to become strong. The colonies grow and EXPORT the raw materials. EXPORT: Goods sent to market outside a country. England IMPORTS the raw materials and manufactures them into goods to be sold to other countries. IMPORT: Goods brought into a country. = + Goods shipped To England MONEY! The laws passed in the Navigation Acts guarantee that only England would make money off the goods from its colonies. Colonists grow all the tobacco, cotton, indigo, etc. Colonists use slave labor so its really cheap to grow and harvest the goods. England England gets the raw materials and manufactures goods. They sell those goods to other countries for lots of money! 1. The laws encouraged colonists to build their own ships to transport their goods. New England became a prosperous ship building center. (Hmmm . . . this may come in handy when the colonists go to war with England!) 2. Colonial merchants always had a market (ENGLAND) to sell their goods. 1. Only English ships could carry goods to and from the colonies. 2. Colonists who grow cotton or tobacco can ship their goods to ENGLAND! (this created lots of jobs in England where workers would cut and roll the tobacco or spin the cotton into cloth.) 3. Colonists were not allowed to sell their raw materials therefore losing money they could be making from other countries. What exactly did the English King get from his colonies? Raw Materials Grown in Colonies Manufactured Goods Made and sold in England The colonies produced a wide variety of goods, and ships moved up and down the Atlantic coast in an active trade. Merchants from New England dominated colonial trade. They were known as Yankees: a nickname that implied they were clever and hard working. Yankee traders earned a reputation for profiting from any deal. Not the New York Yankees! Yankee merchants! Colonial merchants developed many trade routes. One route was known as the triangular trade because of the three legs of the route formed a triangle. On the first leg, ships from New England carried fish, lumber, and other goods to the West Indies. There Yankee traders bought sugar and molasses. The ships then sailed back to New England, where colonists used the molasses and sugar to make rum. On the second leg, ships carried rum, guns, gunpowder, cloth and tools from New England to West Africa. In Africa, merchants traded these goods for slaves. On the third leg ships carried enslaved Africans to the West Indies. With the profits from selling the enslaved Africans, traders bought more molasses. England New England Sugar, Tobacco and cotton to Europe (England) Slaves to the Americas West Indies Textiles, rum, & manufactured goods to Africa West Africa Many New England colonists grew wealthy from the triangular trade! Many colonists disobeyed the Navigation Acts! England told its colonies that they could only buy their goods from England – but the colonist disobeyed and smuggled in goods from the Dutch, French, and Spanish West Indies! SHHHH! Don’t tell England! From what you have learned, what do you think will most likely happen if …. England continues to limit the colonies power to grow and trade its goods with other countries? Today’s Thinking Focus Why did England pass the Navigation Acts?