Navigation Acts

Navigation Acts
PowerPoint Presentation
Part 9 of 9
Colonizing North
America Unit
Triangle Trade
Navigation Acts
Colonizing North America Unit
Navigation Acts - PowerPoint Presentation # 9
Mercantilism Imports –
Exports –
Navigation Acts –
Yankees –
Triangular Trade –
Raw Materials –
Manufactured Goods –
Today’s Thinking
Why did
England pass
the Navigation
And the story continues . . . . .
William Penn receives land from the King. Pennsylvania is
a colony where Quakers are welcome.
Delaware is founded when Pennsylvania’s Lower
Counties did not want to send delegates to Philadelphia.
Maryland is founded by Lord Baltimore as a place where
Catholics could worship freely.
The Carolinas are founded by English nobles. Rice,
indigo and tobacco become big crops, traded around
the world.
James Oglethorpe creates the colony of Georgia where
debtors could go to make a fresh start.
Tidewater plantations emerge in the south. With so many
crops to be harvested a need for slaves emerges.
Poorer southern farmers move near the Appalachian
A series of laws called the Slave Codes are passed
denying Africans their basic rights.
England Regulates Trade
By the 1700s trade
flourished all along
the Atlantic coast.
As trade increased,
England began to
take a new interest
in its colonies.
England believed
that its colonies
existed for the
benefit of the home
country =
England began passing
a series of laws called
the Navigation Acts
that regulated trade
between England and
its colonies.
The English colonies are producing a LOT
of goods and shipping them to England!
Mercantilists thought that a country should export
more than it imports to become strong.
The colonies grow and
EXPORT the raw materials.
EXPORT: Goods sent to
market outside a country.
England IMPORTS the raw
materials and manufactures
them into goods to be sold to
other countries.
IMPORT: Goods brought
into a country.
Goods shipped
To England
The laws passed in the Navigation Acts
guarantee that only England would make money
off the goods from its colonies.
Colonists grow all the tobacco,
cotton, indigo, etc.
Colonists use slave labor so its
really cheap to grow and
harvest the goods.
England gets the raw materials
and manufactures goods. They
sell those goods to other
countries for lots of money!
1. The laws encouraged colonists to build their own
ships to transport their goods. New England
became a prosperous ship building center.
(Hmmm . . . this may come in handy when the colonists go to war
with England!)
2. Colonial merchants always had a market
(ENGLAND) to sell their goods.
1. Only English ships could carry goods to and from
the colonies.
2. Colonists who grow cotton or tobacco can
their goods to ENGLAND! (this created lots of jobs
in England where workers would cut and roll the
tobacco or spin the cotton into cloth.)
3. Colonists were not allowed to sell their raw
therefore losing
money they could be making from other countries.
What exactly did the English King get from his
Raw Materials
Grown in Colonies
Manufactured Goods
Made and sold in England
The colonies produced a wide variety of goods,
and ships moved up and down the Atlantic coast
in an active trade.
Merchants from New England dominated colonial
trade. They were known as Yankees: a nickname
that implied they were clever and hard working.
Yankee traders earned a reputation for profiting
from any deal.
Not the New York Yankees!
Yankee merchants!
Colonial merchants developed many
trade routes. One route was known as the
triangular trade because of the three legs
of the route formed a triangle.
On the first leg, ships from New England carried fish, lumber,
and other goods to the West Indies. There Yankee traders
bought sugar and molasses. The ships then sailed back to
New England, where colonists used the molasses and sugar
to make rum.
On the second leg, ships carried rum, guns, gunpowder,
cloth and tools from New England to West Africa. In Africa,
merchants traded these goods for slaves.
On the third leg ships carried enslaved Africans to the West
Indies. With the profits from selling the enslaved Africans,
traders bought more molasses.
Sugar, Tobacco
and cotton to
Europe (England)
Slaves to the
Textiles, rum, &
goods to Africa
Many New England colonists grew wealthy
from the triangular trade!
Many colonists disobeyed the
Navigation Acts!
England told its colonies that they
could only buy their goods from
England – but the colonist disobeyed and
smuggled in goods from the Dutch, French,
and Spanish West Indies!
SHHHH! Don’t tell England!
From what you have learned, what
do you think will most likely
happen if ….
England continues to limit the colonies
power to grow and trade its goods with
other countries?
Today’s Thinking
Why did
England pass
the Navigation

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