Title: Ancient Hebrews Traditions Do Now: The Ancient Hebrews fled Egypt so they could practice their own religion and serve their own God freely. Describe the differences using this Venn diagram between Egyptian religion and Hebrew Religion Prayers Traditionally, Jews recite prayers three times daily, Shacharit, Mincha, and Ma'ariv with a fourth prayer, Mussaf added on Shabbat and holidays. Clothing kippah Jewish law requires men to cover their heads as a sign of respect and reverence for G-d when praying, studying Torah, saying a blessing or entering a synagogue. This practice has its roots in biblical times, when the priests in the Temple were instructed to cover their heads. Clothing Tzitzit The Lord said to Moses as follows: Speak to the Israelite people and instruct them to make for themselves fringes on the corners of their garments throughout the ages; let them attach a cord of blue to the fringe at each corner. That shall be your fringe; look at it and recall all the commandments of the Lord and observe them, so that you do not follow your heart and eyes in your lustful urge. Thus you shall be reminded to observe all My commandments and to be holy to your God. I the Lord am your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I, the Lord your God. Clothing Tefillin Tefillin are two small black boxes with black straps attached to them; Jewish men are required to place one box on their head and tie the other one on their arm each weekday morning. Tefillin are biblical in origin, and are commanded within the context of several laws outlining a Jew's relationship to God. "And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might. Take to heart these instructions with which I charge you this day. Impress them upon your children. Recite them when you stay at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you get up. Bind them as a sign on your hand and let them serve as a frontlet between your eyes" Clothing kittel A white robe which serves as a burial shroud for male Jews. It is also worn on special occasions by Priests in the synagogue It is white to symbolize purity Hebrew Holidays Purim Purim is the most festive of all the Jewish holidays. The story of Purim is a happy one, the story of a great victory over near certain doom. Its hero is a woman: Esther. Holidays Pentecost Shavuot ("Pentecost" or "Feast of Weeks") celebrates the revelation of the Torah to the Israelites on Mount Sinai. Also known as the Festival of Bikurim, or first fruits, it coincided in biblical times with the wheat harvest. Shavuot customs include all-night study marathons known as Tikkun Leil Shavuot, eating dairy foods (cheesecake and blintzes are special favorites), Reading the Book of Ruth, decorating homes and synagogues with greenery, and wearing white clothing, symbolizing purity. Holidays Sukkot Sukkot commemorates the Israelites' forty years of wandering through the desert on their way to the Promised Land. It is celebrated through the construction of temporary booths called sukkot that represent the temporary shelters of the Israelites during their wandering. Jews around the world eat in sukkot for seven days and nights. Sukkot concludes with Jews begin to pray for rain and Simchat Torah, "Rejoicing of the Torah", a holiday which marks reaching the end of the Torah reading cycle and beginning all over again. The occasion is celebrated with singing and dancing with the Torah scrolls. Holidays Passover The Bible tells that God helped the Israelites escape slavery in Egypt by sending ten plagues upon the Egyptians before Pharaoh would release his Israelite slaves; the tenth and worst of the plagues was the slaughter of the first-born. The Israelites were instructed to mark the doorposts of their homes with the blood of a spring lamb and, upon seeing this, the spirit of the Lord passed over these homes, an easy way to remember the holiday. When Pharaoh freed the Israelites, it is said that they left in such a hurry that they could not wait for bread dough to rise (leaven). In commemoration, for the duration of Passover no leavened bread is eaten, for which reason it is called "The Festival of the Unleavened Bread". Matzo (flat unleavened bread) is a symbol of the holiday. Holidays Hanukkah Hanukkah also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight day Jewish holiday. The festival is observed in Jewish homes by the kindling of lights on each of the festival's eight nights, one on the first night, two on the second night and so on. The holiday was called Hanukkah (meaning "dedication") because it marks the re-dedication of the Temple after it was destroyed. Hanukkah remembers the "Miracle of the Oil". According to the Talmud, at the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem following the victory of the Maccabees over the Seleucid Empire, there was only enough oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days - which was the length of time it took to press, prepare and consecrate new oil. Holidays Passover Plate The Passover dinner remembers many aspects of the Exodus. Each food has a special meaning to remember the past Maror and Chazeret: Two types of bitter herbs, symbolizing the bitterness and harshness of the slavery which the Jews endured in Ancient Egypt. horseradish romaine lettuce Charoset: A sweet, brown, pebbly paste of fruits and nuts, representing the mortar used by the Jewish slaves to build the storehouses of Egypt. Passover Plate Karpas: A vegetable other than bitter herbs, which is dipped into salt water Zeroa: A roasted lamb bone, symbolizing the Pesach, which was a lamb offered in the Temple in Jerusalem and was then roasted and eaten as part of the meal on Seder night. Beitzah: A hard boiled egg, that was offered in the Temple in Jerusalem and was then eaten as part of the meal on Seder night. Brainpop Video http://www.brainpop.com/social studies/culture/religion/ Quiz-Quiz Trade Who can remind me of the rules of quizquiz trade? Make sure you are paying close attention, most of these questions are very similar to what you will see on your test If you don’t understand any of the questions, please ask so you are very prepared for the test on Wednesday Quiz Time Video We will divide into two groups, the groups will play against each other Everyone will have a chance to participate, if it is your turn you will write your answer on your whiteboard. The first group that answers will get to buzz in their answer. If the answer is wrong, the other team may steal their points if they get the answer correct! Homework Create an outline for the Ancient Hebrews with at least 3 facts under each category Divide it up this way: Abraham Moses Judges Kings Famous Figures This must be completed in order to take the test.