Week 16 Power Point 11

Title: Ancient Hebrews Traditions
Do Now:
The Ancient Hebrews fled Egypt so they could practice their
own religion and serve their own God freely. Describe the
differences using this Venn diagram between Egyptian religion
and Hebrew Religion
Traditionally, Jews recite
prayers three times daily,
Shacharit, Mincha, and
Ma'ariv with a fourth
prayer, Mussaf added on
Shabbat and holidays.
 Jewish law requires men to
cover their heads as a sign of
respect and reverence for
G-d when praying, studying
Torah, saying a blessing or
entering a synagogue.
 This practice has its roots in
biblical times, when the
priests in the Temple were
instructed to cover their
 The Lord said to Moses as follows:
Speak to the Israelite people and
instruct them to make for themselves
fringes on the corners of their
garments throughout the ages; let
them attach a cord of blue to the
fringe at each corner. That shall be
your fringe; look at it and recall all the
commandments of the Lord and
observe them, so that you do not
follow your heart and eyes in your
lustful urge. Thus you shall be
reminded to observe all My
commandments and to be holy to your
God. I the Lord am your God, who
brought you out of the land of Egypt to
be your God: I, the Lord your God.
 Tefillin are two small black boxes with black straps
attached to them; Jewish men are required to place one
box on their head and tie the other one on their arm
each weekday morning.
 Tefillin are biblical in origin, and are commanded within
the context of several laws outlining a Jew's relationship
to God. "And you shall love the Lord your God with all
your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.
Take to heart these instructions with which I charge you
this day. Impress them upon your children. Recite them
when you stay at home and when you are away, when
you lie down and when you get up. Bind them as a sign
on your hand and let them serve as a frontlet between
your eyes"
 A white robe which serves as a
burial shroud for male Jews. It is
also worn on special occasions by
Priests in the synagogue
 It is white to symbolize purity
Hebrew Holidays
Purim is the most festive of all the Jewish
holidays. The story of Purim is a happy one,
the story of a great victory over near
certain doom. Its hero is a woman: Esther.
 Shavuot ("Pentecost" or "Feast of
Weeks") celebrates the revelation of the
Torah to the Israelites on Mount Sinai.
 Also known as the Festival of Bikurim, or
first fruits, it coincided in biblical times
with the wheat harvest.
 Shavuot customs include all-night study
marathons known as Tikkun Leil
Shavuot, eating dairy foods (cheesecake
and blintzes are special favorites),
 Reading the Book of Ruth, decorating
homes and synagogues with greenery,
and wearing white clothing, symbolizing
 Sukkot commemorates the Israelites' forty years of
wandering through the desert on their way to the Promised
 It is celebrated through the construction of temporary
booths called sukkot that represent the temporary shelters
of the Israelites during their wandering.
 Jews around the world eat in sukkot for seven days and
nights. Sukkot concludes with Jews begin to pray for rain
and Simchat Torah, "Rejoicing of the Torah", a holiday which
marks reaching the end of the Torah reading cycle and
beginning all over again.
 The occasion is celebrated with singing and dancing with the
Torah scrolls.
The Bible tells that God helped the Israelites escape
slavery in Egypt by sending ten plagues upon the
Egyptians before Pharaoh would release his Israelite
slaves; the tenth and worst of the plagues was the
slaughter of the first-born. The Israelites were instructed
to mark the doorposts of their homes with the blood of a
spring lamb and, upon seeing this, the spirit of the Lord
passed over these homes, an easy way to remember the
holiday. When Pharaoh freed the Israelites, it is said that
they left in such a hurry that they could not wait for bread
dough to rise (leaven). In commemoration, for the
duration of Passover no leavened bread is eaten, for
which reason it is called "The Festival of the Unleavened
Bread". Matzo (flat unleavened bread) is a symbol of the
 Hanukkah also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight
day Jewish holiday. The festival is observed in Jewish homes
by the kindling of lights on each of the festival's eight nights,
one on the first night, two on the second night and so on.
 The holiday was called Hanukkah (meaning "dedication")
because it marks the re-dedication of the Temple after it was
destroyed. Hanukkah remembers the "Miracle of the Oil".
 According to the Talmud, at the re-dedication of the Temple
in Jerusalem following the victory of the Maccabees over the
Seleucid Empire, there was only enough oil to fuel the
eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil
burned for eight days - which was the length of time it took
to press, prepare and consecrate new oil.
Passover Plate
 The Passover dinner remembers many aspects of the
Exodus. Each food has a special meaning to remember
the past
 Maror and Chazeret: Two types of bitter herbs,
symbolizing the bitterness and harshness of the slavery
which the Jews endured in Ancient Egypt. horseradish
romaine lettuce
 Charoset: A sweet, brown, pebbly paste of fruits and
nuts, representing the mortar used by the Jewish slaves
to build the storehouses of Egypt.
Passover Plate
 Karpas: A vegetable other than bitter herbs, which is
dipped into salt water
 Zeroa: A roasted lamb bone, symbolizing the Pesach,
which was a lamb offered in the Temple in Jerusalem and
was then roasted and eaten as part of the meal on Seder
 Beitzah: A hard boiled egg, that was offered in the
Temple in Jerusalem and was then eaten as part of the
meal on Seder night.
Brainpop Video
Quiz-Quiz Trade
Who can remind me of the rules of quizquiz trade?
Make sure you are paying close
attention, most of these questions are
very similar to what you will see on your
If you don’t understand any of the
questions, please ask so you are very
prepared for the test on Wednesday
Quiz Time Video
We will divide into two groups, the
groups will play against each other
Everyone will have a chance to
participate, if it is your turn you will
write your answer on your whiteboard.
The first group that answers will get to
buzz in their answer.
If the answer is wrong, the other team
may steal their points if they get the
answer correct!
Create an outline for the Ancient Hebrews
with at least 3 facts under each category
Divide it up this way:
Famous Figures
This must be completed in order to take
the test.

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